AliExpress WW
Apps da Software

Shin kun ji wani app amma ba ku san abin da ake nufi ba? Don haka, anan TecnoBreak zamuyi bayanin menene app.

Menene aikace-aikace?

A cikin kwamfuta, aikace-aikacen aikace-aikacen (wanda ake kira aikace-aikacen, ko app a takaice) shirin kwamfuta ne da aka tsara don sarrafa wani yanki na ayyukan ɗan adam ta hanyar lantarki.

A taƙaice, aikace-aikacen ba komai bane illa nau'in software da aka tsara don aiwatar da wani aiki. Amma ta yaya app yake aiki?

Da zarar ka buɗe app ɗin da aka ba, yana aiki a cikin tsarin aiki na na'urar, yana zama a bango har sai ka yanke shawarar rufe shi. Yawancin lokaci, duk da haka, ana buɗe aikace-aikacen da yawa kuma suna gudana a lokaci guda don samun damar yin abubuwa da yawa a lokaci guda (a cikin lissafin jargon, wannan ƙwarewa ta musamman ita ake kira multitasking).

Don haka, app wata kalma ce da ake amfani da ita don komawa ga takamaiman aikace-aikacen da ake amfani da ita don yin takamaiman aiki akan na'ura.

Menene aikace-aikacen tebur ko tebur?

Wani lokaci idan ya zo kan tebur da kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka, apps kuma ana kiran su aikace-aikacen tebur. Akwai aikace-aikacen tebur da yawa kuma, dangane da shari'ar, za su iya kasancewa ɗaya ko wani nau'i.

Gabaɗaya, akwai aikace-aikacen da ke ba da ayyuka da yawa a lokaci guda (kamar riga-kafi) yayin da wasu ke iya yin abu ɗaya ko biyu kawai (kamar kalkuleta ko kalanda). Koyaya, ga wasu misalan aikace-aikacen tebur da aka fi amfani da su:

Aikace-aikacen da aka fi sani da masu sarrafa kalmomi, irin su Word, waɗanda ke ba da damar “canzawa” kwamfutar zuwa nau'in rubutu wanda har ma ana iya ƙirƙirar rubutu masu rikitarwa da su.

Aikace-aikacen da ke ba ka damar bincika intanet, waɗanda aka sani da masu bincike, kamar Microsoft Internet Explorer, Google Chrome ko Mozilla Firefox.

Aikace-aikacen da ke ba ku damar kallon bidiyo ko fina-finai, sauraron rediyo da/ko kiɗan da kuka fi so, amma kuma ƙirƙira, shirya ko sarrafa hotuna da hotuna, kuma aka sani da shirye-shiryen multimedia.

Aikace-aikacen da ke ba ka damar aikawa da karɓar saƙonnin imel ta Intanet, wanda aka fi sani da abokan cinikin imel.

Aikace-aikacen da ke ba ka damar jin daɗin hulɗa da kwamfutarka, kawai ana kiran su wasannin bidiyo.

Menene aikace-aikacen hannu?

Kwamfutoci, ko tebur ko kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka, ba na'urori ne kaɗai ke iya sarrafa aikace-aikace ba. Ko da a kan na'urorin hannu, irin su wayoyi da Allunan, ana iya amfani da aikace-aikacen, amma a cikin waɗannan lokuta muna magana sosai game da aikace-aikacen hannu ko apps.

Wasu daga cikin shahararrun apps da ake samu don Android da iOS sune WhatApp, Facebook, Messenger, Gmail, da Instagram.

Yaya ake shigar da app?

Dukansu kwamfutoci da na'urorin hannu sau da yawa suna da adadin ƙa'idodin tsarin aiki, waɗanda apps ne waɗanda aka riga aka shigar dasu (kamar burauza, mai duba hoto, da na'urar watsa labarai).

Duk da haka, ga waɗanda suke so, a mafi yawan lokuta kuma yana yiwuwa a shigar da wasu apps, ko dai kyauta don saukewa ko a'a, don haka ƙara ƙarin ayyuka ga na'urar.

Ko da yake matakan shigar da aikace-aikacen suna da yawa ko žasa koyaushe iri ɗaya ne, hanyar kanta, duk da haka, tana canzawa kaɗan dangane da tsarin aiki da aka yi amfani da shi.

Ta yaya zan iya cire app?

Tabbas, da zarar ka shigar da wata manhaja, za ka iya cire shi idan ba ka buqatar ta, ta haka za ka cire fayiloli daga na'urarka.

Koyaya, ko da a cikin waɗannan lokuta, hanyar da za a bi don cire aikace-aikacen yana canzawa dangane da tsarin aiki da aka yi amfani da shi.

Ta yaya kuke sabunta app?

Baya ga samun damar shigarwa ko cire aikace-aikacen, akwai kuma zaɓi na samun damar sabunta shi. Amma menene ma'anar sabunta app?

Ana ɗaukaka ƙa'idar aiki ne mara ƙanƙanta kuma, a lokaci guda, yana da matukar mahimmanci saboda yana ba ku damar gabatar da sabbin ayyuka a cikin app ɗin, yana ba ku damar haɓaka gabaɗayan kwanciyar hankali na amfani da app, amma sama da duka yana ba ku damar. don ƙara tsaro ta hanyar gyara kurakurai masu yiwuwa.

Har ila yau, idan ba ku sabunta manhajar ba, kuna fuskantar haɗarin amfani da tsohuwar manhaja, wato, nau'in app ɗin da ba a tallafawa, tare da duk sakamakon da hakan zai iya haifarwa.

Ta yaya kuke zazzage app?

Kamar yadda muka fada a baya, don shigar da ƙarin aikace-aikacen akan na'urar ku, dole ne ku zazzage su, kyauta da/ko biya dangane da lamarin.

Don saukar da aikace-aikacen akan wayar hannu, kwamfutar hannu, kwamfuta ko ma telebijin mai wayo, yawanci muna zuwa shagunan kan layi, wanda akafi kira store ko kasuwa.

Daga cikin waɗannan shaguna na musamman akwai da yawa, amma waɗanda aka fi amfani da su kaɗan ne kawai, wato: App Store, Google Play da Microsoft Store.

A wannan gaba, yakamata ku fahimci menene app ɗin.

Akwai kalmomi a cikin kwamfuta waɗanda suke da yawa kuma ana amfani da su akai-akai. Duk da haka, ba kowa ya san ainihin abin da suke ba, har ma mutane da yawa masu amfani da waɗannan kalmomi suna da matsala wajen bayyana abin da suke.

Ɗayan su shine kalmar software.

Menene software?

Kalmar software ta fito ne daga haɗin kalmomin Ingilishi guda biyu masu laushi, masu laushi, da kuma ware, wanda wani bangare ne.

Amma menene software? Software, a aikace, ba komai bane illa shirye-shirye daban-daban na wani dandamali na musamman, wanda kuma ba komai bane illa wasu jerin umarni da aka haɗa don aiwatar da takamaiman aiki.

Saboda haka godiya ga software da kayan aikin da aka yi amfani da su "ya zo rayuwa", a gaskiya, idan ba tare da software ba, ba zai taba yiwuwa a yi amfani da kwamfuta ba, amma kuma smartphone, kwamfutar hannu, talabijin mai kaifin baki da kuma gaba ɗaya. duk wani nau'in na'ura.

A kasuwa, duk da haka, akwai nau'ikan shirye-shirye daban-daban, amma galibi mafi yawan amfani da kwamfuta sune lodawa da saukewa:

Masu sarrafa kalmomi, irin su Word, waɗanda ke ba mu damar rubuta rubutu daga kwamfuta, kamar dai nau'in rubutu ne na gargajiya.

Na'urorin sarrafa bayanai, irin su Excel, waɗanda ke amfani da kwamfutar don yin kowane nau'in lissafi, kuma suna wakiltar sakamakon ta hanyar zane-zane masu sauƙi ko zane-zane.

Shirye-shiryen da ke ba ku damar ƙirƙira ƙarin rikitarwa ko žasa, kamar PowerPoint.

Shirye-shiryen da ke ba ku damar ƙirƙira da sarrafa bayanai masu yawa, kamar Access.

Shirye-shiryen da ke ba ka damar yin lilo a Intanet, waɗanda aka sani da masu binciken gidan yanar gizo, kamar Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Opera da Safari.

Shirye-shiryen da, ta hanyar haɗin Intanet, suna ba mu damar aikawa da karɓar imel. Waɗannan software an san su da abokan cinikin imel, kamar Mozilla Thunderbird, Microsoft Outlook, Mailspring, Spike, da Foxmail.

Shirye-shiryen kallon fina-finai da bidiyo ko sauraron rediyo.

Shirye-shiryen da aka sadaukar don nishaɗi, kamar wasanni.

Shirye-shiryen da ke kare PC ko na'urar hannu daga ƙwayoyin cuta, kamar shirye-shiryen riga-kafi.

Nau'in software nawa ne akwai?

Gabaɗaya, ana iya rarraba shirye-shiryen kwamfuta gwargwadon aikinsu, gwargwadon nau'in lasisin da ake rarraba su a ƙarƙashinsu, wanda yawanci kyauta ne ko kuma a biya su, gwargwadon tsarin aiki da dole ne a sanya su, gwargwadon nau'in lasisin. Interface wanda dole ne ka yi mu'amala da su don amfani da su, ya danganta da ko suna buƙatar shigar da su a kan PC ɗinka, da kuma ko ana iya sarrafa su akan kwamfuta ɗaya ko kuma suna iya aiki a cikin hanyar sadarwar kwamfutoci.

Idan, a daya bangaren, muka kalli matakin amfani da kusanci ga mai amfani, ana iya rarraba shirye-shiryen kwamfuta, gabaɗaya, bisa ga nau'ikan nau'ikan guda huɗu:

Firmware: Ainihin yana ba da damar kayan aikin na'ura don sadarwa tare da software na na'urar.

Tushen software ko software na tsarin: wakiltar waccan nau'in software wanda ke ba da damar kayan aikin da ke cikin kowace PC don amfani.

Direba: Yana ba da damar takamaiman tsarin aiki don sadarwa tare da takamaiman na'urar hardware.

Aikace-aikacen software ko fiye da sauƙi: ta hanyar tsarin aiki mai dacewa yana ba mu damar amfani da wata kwamfuta kamar yadda muka saba yi kowace rana, ta hanyar shirye-shirye kamar Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Internet Explorer, da dai sauransu.

Dangane da nau'in na huɗu, yawanci akan kasuwa yana yiwuwa a sami shirye-shirye:

Freeware: wato, shirye-shiryen da za a iya shigar a kan PC gaba daya kyauta.

Shareware ko gwaji: shirye-shiryen da sau ɗaya shigar akan PC zasu ƙare bayan wani ɗan lokaci

Demo: shirye-shirye tare da raguwar ayyuka waɗanda, duk da haka, ana iya shigar dasu akan PC gaba ɗaya kyauta.

Ko da irin nau'in software da aka zaɓa, ya kamata a ƙara da cewa duk shirye-shiryen da ke kasuwa ana rarraba su tare da wasu buƙatun kayan masarufi.

Waɗannan buƙatun kayan masarufi ba sa wakiltar wani abu ban da halayen da dole ne kwamfutarka ta kasance tana da su don ba da damar shigar da takamaiman software aƙalla, mutunta aƙalla mafi ƙarancin buƙatu, ko ma mafi kyawun aiwatar da su ta hanya mafi kyau, mutunta ban da mafi ƙarancin buƙatun kuma waɗanda aka ba da shawarar.

Koyaya, tare da wucewar lokaci, waɗannan buƙatun kayan masarufi suna da ɗabi'a na ƙara haɓakawa, musamman idan ya zo ga wasannin bidiyo. Don haka, ba zai yiwu a ƙara yin amfani da sabuwar sigar Microsoft Word akan kwamfutar da ke da tsohuwar tsarin aiki na Windows XP ba, alal misali, ko sabon sigar tsarin aiki na Windows akan kwamfuta mai tsofaffin kayan masarufi.

TechnoBreak | tayi da Reviews
Logo