He aha a pehea e hana ai i ka hopena Bokeh

Maopopo iā ʻoe he aha ka bokeh? ʻO ka huaʻōlelo bokeh mai ka huaʻōlelo Kepani ʻo boke, ʻo ia hoʻi ka "blur", "haze", "cloudy quality", aesthetic blemish.

ʻO ka hopena bokeh i ke kiʻi i loko o nā kikoʻī nui loa, ʻoiai ʻo kāna hopena ʻike e lanakila ai i ka ʻike, e hāʻawi ana i kahi kiʻi me kahi alo ma waena o kahi moeʻuhane a me kahi kūlana.

Loaʻa pinepine ka bokeh ʻoluʻolu i nā hoʻomaikaʻi i loaʻa nā ʻōlelo: lohi, wikiwiki, kupaianaha, maikaʻi, nani, ʻono, siliki, kupaianaha… Akā he aha kēia hopena i waena o nā ʻenehana kiʻi kaulana loa?

He aha ka hopena bokeh?

ʻO Bokeh kahi hopena ʻike i hana ʻia e nā lens e hōʻike ana i kahi pāpaʻu a me ka ʻeleʻele hohonu o ke kula i ke kiʻi, e hōʻike ana i ka mea mua ma ke kahua palahalaha.

Ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo Bokeh ma ke ʻano he hopena o ka mālamalama i nā ʻano pōʻai ma kahi ʻano lohi e hoʻoheheʻe i ke kua o ke kumuhana kumu. Hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo ʻo ka bokeh kahi ʻano aesthetic o ka blur hāʻawi i ka manaʻo o ka māmā a me ka moeʻuhane i ke kiʻi.

Ma mua o ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kiʻi, ʻaʻole i hoʻohana ka poʻe pena kiʻi i ka blurring i mea e hoʻokaʻawale ai i nā kumuhana mua o ke kiʻi. Inā ʻoe e nānā i ke kiʻi kuʻuna, ma kahi o kēlā me kēia māhele o ka haku mele ke nānā aku.

I kēia manawa wale nō i hoʻomaka ai ka poʻe pena kiʻi e hoʻopaʻa i nā wahi, me ka wehe ʻana i nā wahi kikoʻī i mea e hoʻololi ai i ke ʻano abstract. Eia nō naʻe, ʻike ʻia ka hopena bokeh i ke kiʻi me ka mea i haku ʻia o ke kiʻi kiʻi kiʻi i ka manawa i lilo ia i ʻenehana i ʻimi nui ʻia e nā mea paʻi kiʻi.

Akā, ʻaʻole lawa ka hoʻopololei ʻana i ke kua. Pono ʻoe e koho i kahi kāʻei kua nani ke nānā aku a ʻoi aku ka ʻoi aku o ka ʻoi aku ka ʻoi aku o ka ʻoi aku o ka ʻike i ka wā i ʻike ʻole ʻia. I ka hapanui o nā hihia, hana nā ʻāpana o ka māmā i ka bokeh nani, e like me ka lā e ʻā ana i nā lau.

ʻO ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā wahi i waho o ka manaʻo i loko o ka haku mele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili abstract a hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopuehu ʻana i lilo i ʻenehana nani no ka hoʻokūpaʻa ʻana i nā ʻāpana koʻikoʻi a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i nā kala a me nā leo palupalu.

Pehea e hoʻokō ai i ka hopena bokeh

Pehea e hana ai i ka hopena bokeh

Makemake ʻoe e aʻo e hana i ka hopena bokeh? E heluhelu, ʻoiai ua hoʻomākaukau mākou i kēia huahana me nā wehewehe ʻike ʻia e kōkua i ka poʻe hoihoi kiʻi a me ka poʻe makemake e hāʻawi i kā lākou mau kiʻi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻoihana a me kēia manawa.

e hooko i ka hopena bokeh hana lima I mea e hoʻomaikaʻi maoli ʻia ai, pono ʻoe i kāu kamera a me ka lens kūpono, no ka mea ʻo ia ka lens e hāʻawi me ka hopena bokeh.

Aia kekahi koho ʻē aʻe ʻo ia ke kiʻi a hoʻokō i ka ʻO ka hopena bokeh ma ke ʻano kikohoʻe ma hope o ka hana ʻana me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka hopena bokeh o Photoshop (Field Blur), a i ʻole ka hopena bokeh o ka app (Bigen Lens), a i ʻole ka hopena bokeh kelepona paʻalima ke hoʻokaʻawale i ke kiʻi ma ke ʻano kiʻi.

Akā, pono e hoʻomaopopo i ka ʻO ka bokeh kahi hopena optical i loaʻa me nā lens a me nā mea ʻike kamepiula nui, ʻaʻohe mea e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kēia hopena ola maoli.

I mea e hoʻokō ai i kēia hopena maoli, kuhikuhi mākou i kekahi nā mana koʻikoʻi a me nā mea hana e hoʻonui ai i kāu mau kiʻi.

E hoʻomanaʻo, ʻaʻole mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka blurring i ke kua, ke kamaʻilio pū nei mākou e pili ana i ka hoʻohui ʻana i kekahi mau kukui palupalu, ʻike ʻana i ke kukui kūpono, a i ʻole ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka ʻikepili i kū i waho o ka nānā ʻana.

He aha nā lens e hoʻopuka i ka hopena bokeh nani?

ʻO nā lens maikaʻi loa e hoʻokō i ka hopena Bokeh ʻo ia ka mea e hāʻawi ana i nā puka ākea e like me nā lens paʻa wikiwiki me ka puka ākea ākea, no ka laʻana, kahi 50mm f/1.4 a i ʻole Nikon 85mm f/1.4 a i ʻole Canon 85 mm f/1.2 hana i kahi. hopena bokeh facade. maikaʻi loa. ʻO ka mana kālā o ke kumu hoʻokahi: ʻo ka Nikon 85mm f/1.8 a i ʻole Canon 85mm f/1.8 e hana pū i ka bokeh kupaianaha.

Ma ka ʻōlelo maʻamau, loaʻa nā lens e hoʻohua i ka bokeh maikaʻi loa mai nā mea hana a pau. E ʻike i kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona:

  • 50mm f1.8, f/1.4 a me f/1.2;
  • 35mm f/1,4;
  • 85mm f/1.8, f/1.4 a me f/1.2;
  • 105mm f/2;
  • 135mm f/2;
  • 70-200mm f/2.8.

No ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka ʻenehana: ʻo ka lens āu e koho ai e hoʻohana e hoʻoholo i ke ʻano a me ka nui o ka bokeh i ʻike ʻia.

ʻO ka lens me nā ʻano pōʻai pōʻai e ʻoi aku ka ʻoi aku o ka poepoe a me ka palupalu me ka maʻalahi o ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā wahi ao, aʻo ka lens me kahi puka hexagonal ʻoi aku ka ʻike ʻana i kēlā ʻano i nā mea koʻikoʻi.

ʻO ke ʻano o ka mālamalama e ʻike ʻia mai nā wahi i nānā ʻole ʻia e pili ana i ka diaphragm lens. ʻO nā lens kahiko loa, e like me ka Nikon 50mm f/1.4D, loaʻa iā 7 mau lau pololei ma ko lākou diaphragm, e hopena i ka hopena bokeh like he heptagon.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā lens hou i kēia manawa he 9 mau maka pōʻai, e hoʻomohala ana i kahi hopena bokeh poepoe, e like me ka Nikon 105mm f/2.8.

Me ka 50mm lens me ka f/1.4 aperture hiki ke hana i ka bokeh nui a puni, me ka f/1.6 e hana mākou i kahi bokeh liʻiliʻi a ʻoi aku ka oval, me ka f/2.8 e hele ana mākou. e hana i kahi bokeh liʻiliʻi me nā ʻano like ʻole o ka pōʻai.

ʻO ka maikaʻi o nā ʻano pōʻai e hilinaʻi pū ʻia i ka palekana o ke kāmela i ka manawa o ke kaomi. Inā hoʻoluliluli ʻoe, e nānā ʻia ke kiʻi i ke ao a pōʻino ka nānā ʻana.

Inā ʻaʻohe ou lens wikiwiki loa. Ma ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka mamao ma waena o ke kua a me ke kumuhana, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka hopena bokeh i nā kiʻi i lawe ʻia ma nā puka liʻiliʻi loa, e like me f/8.

A inā hāʻule nā ​​​​mea ʻē aʻe, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i kahi lens zoom e hiki ai ke hoʻolilo i kahi kāʻei polū, akā no ka mea e kaupalena ʻia ke kahua o ka nānā ʻana, e hana ia i kahi bokeh ʻoi aku ka nui, ʻaʻole hoihoi a liʻiliʻi. hikiwawe. e hele oe me ka lohi lohi. .

No ke aha e hoʻohana ai i ka bokeh i kāu mau kiʻi?

ʻO ka lawe ʻana i nā kiʻi me ka bokeh e hāʻawi i kahi leka noʻeau kūikawā a hana pū kekahi i kahi manaʻo o kahi ʻano ʻoihana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi. I ka wā lōʻihi, e hoʻohui ka hopena bokeh i kāu mau kiʻi (inā i hoʻomohala ʻia i loko o ka kamera a i ʻole ma hope o kāu papahana hoʻoponopono) e hoʻohui i ka nani a me ke kuʻi ʻana i kāu mau kiʻi ma o ka hoʻohui ʻana i kahi ʻālohilohi maʻalahi.

Mai nā uhi bokeh moeʻuhane i nā ao ʻālohilohi o confetti, ʻo ia nā mea waiwai kūpono e hoʻouka ai i kāu mau hana. ʻO nā pōʻai māmā o ka māmā a me nā ʻāpana leo e nānā kupanaha i kēlā me kēia kiʻi, inā he kiʻi, panoramas a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea ola.

Ma kahi ma kahi e hōʻike ai a pōmaikaʻi

E koho i kāu lens maikaʻi loa

He koho maikaʻi loa kēia i ka hana ʻana i ka hopena bokeh kūikawā. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻokoʻa nā lens like ʻole i ke kiʻi mahalo i nā hoʻolālā ʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa o nā aperture e hele ai nā kiʻi. Ua kūpono kēlā me kēia puka a ukai mai ka hohonu o ke kula.

LA ʻO ka lens maikaʻi loa no ka bokeh ka mea nona ka puka ākea a ākea loa. e lawe mai i ka malamalama hou aku a no laila, e hoʻokō i kahi hohonu liʻiliʻi o ke kahua, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻo ka ʻoi o ka haʻahaʻa o ka mokulele hāmama e hoʻoponopono i kahi kāʻei pohō ʻoi aku, a loaʻa kēia me kahi f-stop liʻiliʻi loa, e like me ka laʻana:

  • . f / 2.8
  • . f / 2
  • . f / 1.8
  • . f / 1.4
  • . f / 1.2

'Ōlelo Aʻo: ʻO ka wehe ʻana o nā lens i nā kāmeʻa compact a super compact a me nā smartphones he mea maʻalahi, ʻoiai he mau lens paʻa, ʻo ia hoʻi ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia, a i nā hiʻohiʻona hou aʻe i hiki iā lākou ke calibrate ma kahi puka o f/ 2 o / 2.0.

No ka hoʻokō ʻana i kahi hana maikaʻi loa: mālama i kahi mamao kūpono ma waena o ke kumuhana a me ke kua

No hoʻonui i ka hiki ke hana ʻO ka hopena bokeh i ʻike ʻia i kāu mau kiʻi, e hoʻokokoke i ke kumuhana nui i ka mua a hoʻonui i ka mamao ma waena o kēlā kumuhana a me ke kua. ʻOi aku ka lōʻihi o ke kāʻei kua, ʻoi aku ka blurrier.

No ka hana ʻana i ka bokeh kamahaʻo loa: koho i ke ʻano pana kupanaha loa

Ma ka pahupaʻikiʻi, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i waena o nā ala pana ʻekolu: ahi lima e hāʻawi ana i nā koho aperture a me ka wikiwiki pani; ke ala e Puka manaʻo kiʻi mua hiki iā ʻoe ke koho i ka waiwai f-stop ʻoiai ka ʻaukā koho i ka wikiwiki pani kūpono no ka ʻike; a i ʻole ka ʻO ke ʻano papahana malleable ka mea e hāʻawi i ka hui ākea a hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia o ka aperture / shutter speed.

No ka hana ʻana i ka bokeh i ʻōlinolino a lele: e hoʻāʻo i nā mea he nui

E hoʻohana i kou manaʻo! Hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i nā ʻano like ʻole o ka Bokeh i hoʻololi ʻia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kukui pō mai nā kukui alanui a i ʻole nā ​​​​lā maoli. E hauʻoli i ka ʻālohilohi o ka mālamalama. ʻike ʻia mai nā paia a i ʻole nā ​​kaupaku, kukui e ʻālohilohi ana i nā mea ʻālohilohi e like me ke aniani, nā kukui mai nā kukui o ke kaʻa, ʻike ʻia ka lā i ka wai.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka puʻuwai bokeh, star bokeh, polka dot bokeh, gula bokeh, hoʻohana i nā kānana lens maʻamau a i ʻole pepa kāleka i mua o ka lens, a i ʻole e hoʻohana i nā papa hopena a me nā plugins no ka bokeh kikohoʻe.

No ka hana ʻana i ka bokeh kūikawā: kūpono i ke kukui, ke kukui, nā kala

e hoʻolohe i ka nā mea kāʻei kua ʻoiai ʻoe e hūnā iā lākou. Inā he pā hina wale nō kāu, ma waho aʻe o ka palupalu ʻana i kou mau hemahema, ʻaʻole ia e hoʻonui i ka hoihoi. ʻO nā mea kanu kūpono, mai ka hihiʻo alanui, nā kukui, nā kukui, nā mea āpau e hōʻike ana i ka mamao ma waena o ke kumuhana a me ke kua. Akā ʻo ka mea hiki ʻole ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia ʻo ia ka mea e pono ai kahi kāʻei e hōʻike i ka ʻokoʻa, nā leo a me nā kukui ʻaʻole e kū wale i waho o ke kumuhana, akā hui pū a hiki i ka manawa e pili ai lākou.

ka hopena

E like me kā mākou i ʻike ai, hiki i ka hopena Bokeh ke hoʻohui i ka palupalu i kahi kiʻi kukui. ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia ʻenehana e hoʻokaʻawale i kāu kumuhana mai ke kāʻei kua hiki ke ʻae iā ʻoe e hoʻohana i kahi kiʻi kiʻi kiʻi liʻiliʻi i kāu kiʻi, akā hoʻomaikaʻi i kāna diffuse blur, kōkua ia e "hōʻailona" i ke kumuhana, ʻaʻole e hōʻemi.

ʻO ka hoʻokolohua ke ala i ka holomua. E hoʻāʻo nui a hana i nā ʻano hou. Pono kēlā me kēia haʻawina i ka hoʻomau. E ʻimi i nā kumuhana pili i kāu moʻolelo i kēlā me kēia lā: nā kiʻi o nā ʻohana, nā kiʻi kokoke i nā huaʻai a me nā mea. ʻO nā macro o nā pua a me nā mea ʻē aʻe o ke ʻano he mau kumuhana kaulana e kiʻi a hōʻike i ka bokeh i ke kiʻi.

E hoʻohana pono i ka hui ʻana o nā kukui hoʻomaha a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hoʻomanaʻo ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka manawa e paʻi ʻia ai lākou me ka ʻole o ka nānā ʻana, lilo kēia mau mea paʻakikī a ʻālohilohi paha i ka palupalu, pastel, hoʻopuehu ʻia i ke kukui ʻālohilohi. A inā he mau nīnau kāu, e kākau iā lākou ma nā manaʻo.

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Tommy Banks
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