Drones

Kaa akamai me na Drones

I ka manawa aʻe e hoʻolilo ʻoe i 20 mau minuke e hoʻopuni ana i kahi kaʻa kaʻa e hoʻāʻo nei e ʻimi i kahi ākea, e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i kēia: i kekahi lā koke, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻae i kahi drone e hana ia no ʻoe. A ...

Ma hea e kūʻai ai i nā drones ma Kina

ʻO ka loaʻa ʻana ma Kina he kuni ma Sepania no ka manawa lōʻihi, a no ia kumu mākou i hana ai i kēia alakaʻi kahi e loaʻa ai iā ʻoe nā hale kūʻai Kina a me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e loaʻa ai ma ka pūnaewele me ka palekana a me ka haʻahaʻa! ...

4 drones kūpono e lele i loko

ʻO kahi ala kupaianaha e komo ai i ka honua o nā drones ma kahi kālā ke kiʻi i kahi quadcopter liʻiliʻi. ʻO ka maikaʻi nui o kēia mini-drones ʻo ia ka mea maikaʻi no nā stunts ...

ʻO ka moʻolelo o nā drones

Hiki iā mākou ke noʻonoʻo i ka honua ma mua o ka Pūnaewele, nā hoʻokele nui, ke ala i hoʻouna ʻia ai nā pakuhi a me nā palapala ʻāina. Ua ʻike mākou i ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ka honua, ua pōkole ka mamao a ua hoʻomaka ke kipi.

E like me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o nā drones e hoʻololi i ka honua e like me kā mākou e ʻike ai. I ka wā mua, loaʻa iā lāua nā hana pūʻali koa, a i ka wā lōʻihi, ua lilo lāua i mea kūʻai aku a loaʻa hou nā mea hahai.

ʻAʻole wale lākou i kaulana a he ʻāpana o ke ola o kēlā me kēia lā no nā poʻe a puni ka honua, akā ua hoʻokumu lākou i kahi kipi. Ua hoʻohana ʻia nā UAV (nā kaʻa lewa ʻole) a i ʻole nā ​​UAV (nā kaʻa lewa ʻole i hoʻohana ʻia) no ka nānā ʻana i ka honua, e ʻae ai i ka ʻike lewa. Ua lawelawe mua lākou ma ke ʻano he kākoʻo, a he ala hoʻi, no ka hoʻouka ʻana a me ka mākaʻikaʻi; ʻoiai e hoʻouna i nā leka.

Ua ʻike ʻia lākou ma kahi o 60s, akā i ka makahiki 80 i hoʻomaka ai lākou e huki i ka manaʻo no kā lākou hoʻohana pūʻali koa.

ʻO ka pōmaikaʻi nui o kāna hoʻohana ʻana i ka makahiki 80, ʻo ia ka hiki ke hana i nā hana, pinepine i ka pōʻino, me ka ʻole o ka waiho ʻana i ke ola.

No ka mea, ʻo ka mea nāna e hoʻomalu iā ia e mamao loa mai ka drone, a ʻo ka mea ʻino loa e hiki ke hana ʻia ʻo ia ka mea i pana ʻia i ka lewa.

ʻO ka mea liʻiliʻi ka poʻe i ʻike e pili ana i ka mōʻaukala o nā drones ʻo ia ka mea i hoʻoulu ʻia e kahi BOMB.

ʻO ka pōkā buzzer kaulana kaulana, i kapa ʻia no ka walaʻau i hana ʻia i ka wā e lele ana, ua hoʻomohala ʻia e Kelemania i ke Kaua Honua II.

ʻOiai ka maʻalahi, ka mea i lilo ia i mea maʻalahi no ke ahi a me nā interceptions, no ka mea, lele wale ia ma kahi laina pololei a me ka wikiwiki mau, ua loaʻa iā ia ka lanakila nui.

ʻOiai ʻaʻohe helu kikoʻī o ka nui o ka poʻe i hōʻeha a make i nā pōkā, hiki ke hoʻoholo ʻia he helu koʻikoʻi ia, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ma mua o 1.000 V-1 pōkā i hāʻule.

ʻO ka V-1, i kapa ʻia ʻo ka boom bomb, ʻaʻole ia wale nō ka mea i hana ʻia. I kekahi mau makahiki ma hope mai, i ka wā o ke Kaua Honua II, ua hana ʻia ka V-2.

Akā ua hiki mai ke kipi nui i ka wā i ʻike mua ʻia ai kahi pōkā o kēia mau hiʻohiʻona: ʻo ka V-1, ka mea i hoʻolalelale i ka mōʻaukala o nā drones a me kā lākou evolution āpau mai ia manawa.

ʻO ke ʻano o ka drone

Ua hoʻomaka ka mōʻaukala o nā drones me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i nā pōkā lele Kelemania o ke ʻano V-1, kaulana i kapa ʻia ʻo buzz bombs. Ua loaʻa iā ia kēia inoa ma muli o ka walaʻau ʻana i ka lele ʻana, i hana ʻia e Kelemania i ke Kaua Honua II.

ʻOiai ua kaupalena ʻia a manaʻo ʻia he pahuhopu maʻalahi, ua loaʻa iā ia ka lanakila nui me kona wikiwiki mau a lele wale ma kahi laina pololei, a hiki i kahi helu ʻoi aku ma mua o 1.000 V-1 mau pōkā i hāʻule. I kekahi mau makahiki ma hope mai, aia nō i ke Kaua Honua II, ua hana ʻia kona hope, ʻo ka pōkā V-2.

ʻO wai ka mea i haku i ka drone?

ʻO ke kumu hoʻohālike i hōʻailona i ka mōʻaukala o nā drones, ka mea a mākou i ʻike ai i kēia lā, ua hoʻomohala ʻia e ka ʻenekini mokulele Israeli Abraham (Abe) Karem. Wahi a ia, i ka makahiki 1977, i kona hōʻea ʻana i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, he 30 mau kānaka e hoʻomalu i kahi drone. I mua o kēia kūlana, ua hoʻokumu ʻo ia i ka hui ʻo Leading System a, me ka liʻiliʻi o nā kumuwaiwai ʻenehana, e like me ka fiberglass homemade a me nā ʻōpala lāʻau, ua hānau ʻo Albatross.

Me nā hoʻomaikaʻi i hoʻokō ʻia me ke kumu hoʻohālike hou -56 mau hola i ka lewa me ka ʻole o ka hoʻopiha ʻana i nā pā a me ʻekolu mau kānaka e lawelawe ana ia-, ua loaʻa i ka ʻenekinia ke kālā mai DARPA no ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka prototype a, me kēia, he kumu hoʻohālike hou i kapa ʻia ʻo Amber. hānau ʻia.

Ua hoʻolālā ʻia a hoʻomohala ʻia kēia mau mokulele no nā mikiona koa i hāʻawi i ka pōʻino i nā ola kanaka, e like me ka hoʻopakele ahi a me ka palekana ʻole i ka pūʻali koa. Loaʻa iā lākou ka pahuhopu o ka ʻae ʻana i ka mākaʻikaʻi a i ʻole ka hoʻouka ʻana i kahi wahi.

Ma waho aʻe o kēia, ʻo kahi UAV i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻo Gralha Azul, i hana ʻia e Embravant. He ʻēheu kona ʻoi aku ma mua o 4 mika a hiki ke lele a hiki i 3 mau hola.

ʻO ka drone e like me kā mākou i ʻike ai i kēia lā, ua hana ʻia e Israeli Abe Karem, ka ʻenekini lewa nona ke kuleana no ka drone makaʻu loa a kūleʻa o ʻAmelika.

Wahi a Karem, i kona hōʻea ʻana i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka makahiki 1977, he 30 mau kānaka e hoʻomalu i kahi drone. ʻO kēia kumu hoʻohālike, ʻo ka Aquila, ua lele ʻo ia i ka awelika o kekahi mau minuke ʻoiai he 20 mau hola o ka lele ʻana.

I ka ʻike ʻana i kēia kūlana, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Karem i kahi hui, ʻo Leading System, a me ka ʻenehana liʻiliʻi: nā ʻōpala o ka lāʻau, ka fiberglass homemade a me kahi kanaka make e like me nā mea i hoʻohana ʻia i ka heihei kaʻa i kēlā manawa, hana ʻo ia i ka Albatross.

Ua hiki i ka Albatross ke noho i ka lewa no 56 mau hola me ka ʻole o ka hoʻopiha ʻana i kona mau pila, a ua hoʻohana wale ʻia e 3 mau kānaka - hoʻohālikelike ʻia me 30 mau kānaka ma ka Aquilla. Ma hope o kēia hōʻike nani, ua loaʻa iā Karem ke kālā mai DARPA e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka prototype, a ua hānau ʻia ka Amber.

ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā drones

E like me ka Pūnaewele, ke neʻe nei ka mōʻaukala o nā drones i ka hiki ke loaʻa a ua lawe mai i nā pono he nui i ka mākeke drone a me kāna mau mea kūʻai. I kēia lā, nui ka versatility o nā drones e pili ana i kā lākou hoʻohana. ʻO kāna hoʻohana ʻana me ka nānā ʻana a me ka nānā ʻana, ke kiʻi a me ke kiʻiʻoniʻoni, hoʻohana pūʻali koa, a me ka hoʻopakele ʻana, ma waena o nā hanana ʻē aʻe.

E like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia, i ka ulu ʻana o ka mōʻaukala o nā drones, ua hoʻonui ʻia a hoʻohana ʻia i kēia lā ma nā wahi like ʻole.

Ua hoʻohana wale ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona mua e hana i nā kiʻi a me nā wikiō, akā ua lilo lākou i mea kūʻokoʻa, kūʻokoʻa a ikaika.

Ua loaʻa iā Amazon ka ʻae mai ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻokō i nā hoʻopuka drone.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Facebook i kāna papahana e lawe mai i ka Pūnaewele i nā home ma o nā drones.

A i kēlā me kēia manawa e ʻike ʻia ai nā hoʻohana hou no lākou, ʻo ka mea maʻamau, i kēia manawa, ʻo ia:

I ka pōʻino o Fukushima ma Iapana, ua hoʻohana ʻia kahi T-Hawk (drone model) e kiʻi i nā kiʻi o nā reactors i pohō. Loaʻa i nā kiʻi a me ke kiʻi ʻana me ka ʻole o ka pilikia, ma muli o ka radiation, no kēlā me kēia. A ʻoi aku ka maʻamau, ua hoʻohana ʻia nā drones i nā kiʻi male, ka uhi ʻana i nā hanana haʻuki a me nā hihia e like me nā kūʻē ʻana ma Sao Paulo.

Ka hoʻomalu a me ka nānā ʻana: Ke hoʻohana nei nā luna o nā ʻāina a puni ka honua i nā drones e kāohi a mālama i ka palekana ma nā kūlanakauhale nui, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā hanana haʻuki nui.

Hurricane kiaʻi: Ua hana nā kānaka ʻepekema ma Florida i kahi drone liʻiliʻi e hiki ke hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ke ala o nā ʻino.

Nā kiʻi ma lalo o ka wai: ʻO ka OpenRov kahi hiʻohiʻona drone hoihoi, kahi e hiki ai ke hana i nā kiʻi manawa maoli o ke kai. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hōʻea i nā wahi i hiki ʻole i ke kanaka, ka helu ʻana i nā ʻano hou a hōʻike i nā mea pohihihi.

Hoʻohana pūʻali koa: ʻAʻole ia he mea maʻamau ka ʻike ʻana i ka nūhou, a i ʻole nā ​​kiʻiʻoniʻoni, ke alo o nā drones e hōʻike ana i kā lākou hana, hana i nā kiʻi o ke kahua kaua, ʻike i ka neʻe ʻana o nā ʻenemi, a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i nā hoʻouka kaua.

Kōkua i ka poʻe nele: Me ka hiki ke hiki i nā wahi ʻino, ua hoʻohana pū ʻia nā drones i nā hana pilikia like ʻole. hiki ke hoopakele i kekahi mau kanaka.

Rescue: I kēia makahiki (2015) ua hōʻike ʻia ke ʻano o Gimball, ka drone lanakila o ka Drones for Good contest ("Drones for good", ma kahi unuhi pololei), ua uhi ʻia me kahi "cage", e hiki ai iā ia. e pale aku i nā pilikia i ka wā lele.

Me kona hoʻolaha ʻana, e like me ka Pūnaewele, lilo kona hoʻohana mau ʻana a hoʻololi i ke ola o nā kānaka.

He aha ka drone?

He kaʻa lewa ʻole ia (UAV) nona ka mana lele a hiki ke loaʻa nā kauoha ma o ke alapine o ka lekiō, infrared a me nā mikiona i wehewehe mua ʻia e nā GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System). Hoʻomanaʻo kona helehelena i nā helikopter liʻiliʻi, me kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona he replicas o nā jet, quadcopters (ʻehā propellers) a me nā hiʻohiʻona me ʻewalu propellers a i ʻole e hoʻohana i ka wahie no kā lākou lele.

ʻO Drone ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania ʻo ia hoʻi "drone" a, ma muli o kona kani kani ʻana i ka wā e lele ana, ua hoʻopau ʻia ʻo ia i mea kaulana i ka inoa o ka mokulele.

Lohe pinepine ka poʻe i ka huaʻōlelo no ka manawa mua a kahaha: he aha ka drone?

ʻO ka drone kahi kaʻa lewa, akā ʻaʻole like me nā mokulele a me nā helikopter, ʻaʻole lākou i holo. Hoʻohana mamao ʻia lākou a hoʻolako pinepine ʻia me nā kāmera kiʻekiʻe.

Ua hoʻohana ʻia lākou no kekahi manawa ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani, kahi hoʻololi o nā mokulele hoʻohālike. I kēia lā aia kahi mākeke ʻoihana nui a ulu no nā pailaka.

No ka mea hiki a hiki i ka makahiki 2010 ʻaʻole loaʻa kahi hulina ma ka ʻenekini huli e pili ana i nā drones, a mai ia manawa he mea kupaianaha kona ulu ʻana.

Hāʻawi kēia iā mākou i ka manaʻo o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o nā drones, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ʻia ka ulu ʻana o ka exponential, he nui ka nui o ka manawa.

Hiki i ka ʻenehana ʻenehana i kēia lā ka mea makemake e lilo i pailaka e hoʻokele pololei i kā lākou drone mai kā lākou kelepona paʻalima a i ʻole papa.

Hiki ke hoʻomalu ʻia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona ma o ka accelerometer o ke kelepona. ʻO ia ka mea e ʻoi aku ka hohonu o ka ʻike.

Ke hana nei ia i kēia manawa, i kēia manawa. A ʻoi aku ka nui o nā drones e loaʻa i kahi ākea a hoʻololi i ko mākou ola. E like me ka mālama ʻana o nā mea noiʻi: ʻaʻole paʻa ka mōʻaukala. Kūkulu ʻia ia i kēlā me kēia lā, a me nā drones ʻaʻole ia he ʻokoʻa.

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