Kūʻai ʻenehana

Nā Networks

E hoʻolālā manawa e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pūnaewele.

ʻO ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ʻike e pili ana i kahi pūnaewele home pono ʻoe i hoʻokahi, a makemake ʻoe e hana ia. Ma Gleeson's Home Entertainment and Automation, hoʻoikaika mau mākou e aʻo i kā mākou mea kūʻai aku, a i ka mahina i hala ua kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i ke koʻikoʻi o kahi pūnaewele home. I kēia mahina, e nānā mākou i kekahi mau hoʻonā home pūnaewele kaulana a kūkākūkā i nā pono o kēlā me kēia. Ma ka hopena, ʻaʻole ʻoe e ʻike i kahi mea hou aku e pili ana i ka pūnaewele, akā e mākaukau maikaʻi ʻoe e hoʻoholo i ka mea kūpono no kou home.

Nā pūnaewele home a me nā ʻoihana

E hana mākou i kahi wehewehe pōkole e pili ana i ke ʻano o nā pūnaewele like ʻole, no ke aha lākou a me nā hihia i hoʻohana ʻia.

me na uwea

I ka wā e pili ana i nā ʻupena home, ʻelua ʻano nui: Uea a me ke kelepona. E pili ana kēia i ke ʻano o ka hoʻopili ʻana o nā polokalamu e komo i ka Pūnaewele i kāu LAN. I ka hihia o kahi pūnaewele uea, hele mai ia i kou hale mai ke laina uwea a laila hoʻohui i kahi modem a/a i ʻole router. Mai laila mai, hoʻopili ʻia nā mea hana a puni ka hale ma o ke kelepona Ethernet i ka modem ma o kahi hoʻololi Ethernet.

He mea maʻamau kēia ʻano hoʻohui i ka hana hou, kahi e maʻalahi ai ka holo ʻana i ke kaula a puni ka hale. ʻIke ʻia nā pōmaikaʻi o ka ʻupena home uea: ʻoi aku ka wikiwiki a ʻoi aku ka hilinaʻi o nā pūnaewele uea ma mua o nā pūnaewele uea. ʻOi aku ka bandwidth o nā ʻupena uea a ʻaʻole i hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka laulā a me ka hoʻopili ʻana e like me ke kelepona. ʻO ka bottleneck maoli wale nō kāu ʻano router / wikiwiki a me ka wikiwiki pūnaewele āu e uku nei.

ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻo, loaʻa nā palena o nā pūnaewele uea, ʻo ia ke kumu i kaulana loa ai nā pūnaewele uea (Wi-Fi).

Pūnaewele

Me kahi pūnaewele uea, hiki iā ʻoe ke komo i ka Pūnaewele me ka ʻole o ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana e ke kelepona. ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona maikaʻi o kēia ka hoʻohana ʻana i kāu pākaukau a i ʻole kelepona paʻa i ka wā e hele ana a puni kou hale. A ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā ʻenehana paʻa e like me kāu kīʻaha lako a i ʻole TV, ma hope o ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o kahi home, aia paha nā wahi i hiki ʻole ke holo i nā uea hou. ʻO kēia kahi e ʻālohilohi ai ka ʻenehana uila: ʻo ka hiki ke hoʻonui i ka laulā o ka Pūnaewele ma ka home a ma waho me ka liʻiliʻi o nā uwea hou a me ka ʻole o nā mea pili.

ʻO nā pilikia nui me nā pūnaewele uila ka wikiwiki a me ka hilinaʻi. Hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia nā hōʻailona Wi-Fi e nā mea uila ʻē aʻe - ʻo kāu pahu hau hau - a inā ʻoe e noho kokoke ana i kou mau hoalauna, hiki i kāu pūnaewele Wi-Fi ke hoʻopili me lākou a hoʻolohi i ka hana a kēlā me kēia. Ma muli o ka nui o kou home, pono paha ʻoe i nā wahi komo he nui e hōʻoia i ka uhi ʻana i kou home. ʻO ke kānāwai maʻamau, ʻo ia ka loaʻa ʻana o hoʻokahi wahi uea no kēlā me kēia 1.500 kapuaʻi square, a pono ʻoe e hoʻomanaʻo e hoʻokomo i ka pā hale inā makemake ʻoe e komo i waho. Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻo ka hapa nui o nā wahi kelepona ʻole (WAPS) e koi i ka mana a makemake paha i kahi pilina eternet i ke alalai nui, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo ka pilina uea.

Manaʻo Bonus: Inā ʻoe i ʻike i nā helu ʻē aʻe a me nā leka e like me 802.11ac, pili ia i ka maʻamau uʻi ʻole e hoʻohana ai kāu mea hoʻokele. ʻOi aku ka wikiwiki o 802.11ac ma mua o ka 802.11n kahiko, no laila e hoʻomanaʻo pū kekahi.

I ka wā mua, ʻano paʻakikī paha ka ʻupena home, akā ʻaʻole ia he paʻakikī ke hoʻomaopopo ʻoe i ka manaʻo kiʻekiʻe. Eia kekahi, ʻaʻole ʻoe wale nō ka mea e hoʻoponopono i kāu pūnaewele home.

LAN, WLAN, MAN, WAN, PAN: ʻike i nā ʻano nui o nā pūnaewele

I loko o ka pōʻaiapili o ka ʻenehana ʻike, hana ʻia kahi pūnaewele me nā mea hana he nui i hui pū ʻia a kaʻana like i nā kumuwaiwai me kekahi. Ma mua, aia kēia mau ʻupena i loko o nā keʻena (ka pūnaewele puni honua), akā i ka wā lōʻihi, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka pono e hoʻololi i ka ʻike ma waena o kēia mau ʻōnaehana hoʻoponopono, a ua hoʻonui i nā ʻano pūnaewele ʻē aʻe. E hoʻomaopopo i ka manaʻo o kekahi o nā ʻano nui o nā pūnaewele kamepiula.

LAN – Pūnaewele wahi kūloko

Hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻupena ʻāpana kūloko i nā kamepiula i loko o ka lewa kino like. Hiki i kēia ke hana i loko o kahi hui, kula a i ʻole kou home ponoʻī, e ʻae ana i ka kaʻana like ʻana o ka ʻike a me nā kumuwaiwai ma waena o nā polokalamu komo.

MAN – Pūnaehana Metropolitan

E noʻonoʻo kākou, no ka laʻana, he ʻelua keʻena o kahi hui ma ke kūlanakauhale hoʻokahi a makemake e hoʻomau i nā kamepiula. No kēia, aia ka Metropolitan Area Network, a i ʻole Metropolitan Network, kahi e hoʻopili ai i kekahi mau Local Area Networks i loko o kahi radius o kekahi mau ʻumi kilomika.

WAN - ʻO ka pūnaewele puni honua

ʻOi aku ka nui o ka Wide Area Network ma mua o MAN a hiki ke uhi i kahi ʻāpana nui, e like me ka ʻāina a i ʻole ka ʻāina.

WLAN – Pūnaehana ʻĀpana Kūlana ʻole

No ka poʻe makemake e hana me ka ʻole o nā uwea, ʻo ka WLAN, a i ʻole ka ʻupena kūloko kūloko, he koho paha. Hoʻopili kēia ʻano pūnaewele i ka Pūnaewele a hoʻohana nui ʻia ma nā wahi noho a me nā ʻoihana, a me nā wahi ākea.

WMAN – Pūnaehana Metropolitan Wireless

ʻO ia ka mana uea o MAN, me ka laulā o nā ʻumi kilomika, a hiki i ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā pūnaewele keʻena o ka hui like a i ʻole nā ​​kahua kula kulanui.

ʻO WWAN - Pūnaewele ʻAha Lapaʻa ʻole

Me ka ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hiki ʻana, hiki i ka WWAN, a i ʻole ka pūnaewele ākea ākea, hiki i nā wahi like ʻole o ka honua. No laila, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka WWAN i ka walaʻau.

SAN - Pūnaewele Pūnaewele

Hoʻohana ʻia nā SAN, a i ʻole Storage Area Networks, no ka kamaʻilio ʻana ma waena o kahi kikowaena a me nā kamepiula ʻē aʻe, a ua kaupalena ʻia i kēlā.

PAN - Pūnaewele Wahi Pilikino

Hoʻohana ʻia nā pūnaewele ʻano ʻano PAN, a i ʻole nā ​​pūnaewele wahi pilikino, no nā mea hana e kamaʻilio ma kahi mamao palena ʻole. ʻO kahi laʻana o kēia ʻo Bluetooth a me UWB pūnaewele.

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