Kūʻai ʻenehana

ʻ .naehana

I kēia lā, paʻakikī ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi mea ʻaʻohe kelepona paʻa, papa a i ʻole kamepiula. Ma waho aʻe o ka lilo ʻana i mea hana, pono kēia mau mea hana no nā hana leʻaleʻa, e like me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻoihana pūnaewele a me nā noi kamaʻilio, e like me WhatsApp.

Eia naʻe, no ka hana pono ʻana, pono kēia mau mea i kahi ʻōnaehana hana. Inā ʻaʻole ʻoe ʻike i ke ʻano o ia mea, pono ʻoe e ʻike, ma ke ʻano maʻalahi a maʻalahi, ʻo ka ʻōnaehana hana (OS) he polokalamu (polokalamu) nona ka hana e hoʻokele i nā kumuwaiwai ʻōnaehana, e hāʻawi i kahi interface i hiki ai i kēlā me kēia o mākou. hiki ke hoʻohana i nā mea hana.

ʻOiai he ʻano ʻenehana, ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo paʻakikī ke hoʻomaopopo. Ma kēia ʻatikala mākou e hōʻike i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā ʻōnaehana hana nui i kēia manawa, e wehewehe ana i nā kikoʻī hou aku i ke ʻano o ia mau mea a me nā mea e hoʻohana ʻia ai.

He aha ka ʻōnaehana Operative?

E like me ka mea i haʻi mua ʻia, ʻo ka ʻōnaehana hana ke kuleana no ka hana ʻana o kahi kamepiula a i ʻole kelepona. ʻO ia ke ʻano e hiki ai i nā polokalamu a me nā ʻāpana o ke kamepiula ke hana a hiki i ka mea hoʻohana ke launa pū me ka mīkini, ma o ka intuitive interface.

Ke hoʻā ʻoe i kēlā me kēia mea, hoʻouka ka ʻōnaehana hana a hoʻomaka i ka mālama ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai o ke kamepiula. Ma nā paʻi maʻalahi, e maʻalahi ke ola no ka mea hoʻohana, e hana i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka hāmeʻa i ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi a ʻoi aku ka palekana, ʻoiai ʻo ia ka ʻōnaehana hana e hāʻawi i kāna mea e hana ai i ke kamepiula, kelepona a papa paha.

ʻO kekahi o nā hana o ka ʻōnaehana hana

Nā kumuwaiwai: pono e lawa ka mana a me ka hoʻomanaʻo o ka ʻōnaehana i hiki ke hoʻokō pono ʻia nā hana āpau, ʻo ia paha kekahi o nā hana koʻikoʻi o nā ʻōnaehana hana.

Hoʻomanaʻo: ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ai i kēlā me kēia noi a i ʻole hana e noho wale i ka hoʻomanaʻo e pono ai no kāna hana, palekana a waiho i kahi no nā hana ʻē aʻe.

Nā faila: na lākou ke kuleana no ka mālama ʻana i ka ʻike, no ka mea, ua kaupalena ʻia ka hoʻomanaʻo nui.

ʻIkepili: ka mana o ka ʻikepili hoʻokomo a me ka hoʻopuka ʻana, i ʻole e nalowale ka ʻike a hiki ke hana pono nā mea āpau.

Nā Kaʻina Hana: hana i kahi hoʻololi ma waena o kekahi hana a me kekahi, i hiki i ka mea hoʻohana ke hana / hoʻokō i kekahi mau hana / noi i ka manawa like.

Hiki ke hoʻoikaika ʻia kēia mau hana o ka ʻōnaehana hana ma o nā pihi, nā mea like me ka ʻiole a me ka papa keyboard e pili ana me ka interface kiʻi (ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao), ma ka hoʻopā pololei ʻana i ka pale (touchscreen), i ka hihia o nā smartphones a me nā papa, a i ʻole ma o nā kauoha leo i loaʻa i kekahi mau polokalamu a me nā noi.

E like me ke kānāwai maʻamau, ua hoʻokomo mua ʻia ka ʻōnaehana hana ma ka paʻamau ma ka hāmeʻa. No laila, he mea nui e ʻike iki ka poʻe e hoʻohana nei i nā smartphones, nā papa a me nā kamepiula e pili ana iā ia a ʻike i nā ʻōnaehana hana nui i loaʻa. E kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana iā lākou ma hope.

ʻōnaehana hana no nā kamepiula

Ma keʻano laulā, ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o nā ʻōnaehana hana o nā kamepiula (desktop a i ʻole laptops) ma mua o nā mea i hoʻohana ʻia i nā polokalamu kelepona, e like me nā papa a me nā kelepona paʻalima. Ma lalo nei, nānā mākou i nā luna ʻekolu i nā kikoʻī hou aku.

Windows

Hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 80 e Microsoft, ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻōnaehana hana kaulana loa ma ka honua, a ʻae ʻia e nā mea hana kamepiula nui a pau o ka honua. I ka wā lōʻihi, ua loaʻa iā ia nā mana hou (Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 a me Windows 10).

Ua lawa ia no ka poʻe e pono ai ka hoʻohana maʻamau a me ka hana, no ka haʻawina a i ʻole ka hana, me kahi interface intuitive loa.

macOS

Hoʻomohala ʻia e Apple, ʻo ia ka ʻōnaehana hana kūʻokoʻa no nā kamepiula a me nā kamepiula o ka brand, i kapa ʻia ʻo Mac (Macintosh). ʻO ia, me Windows, ka ʻōnaehana hoʻohana nui loa i ka honua, i loaʻa i nā mea hou a me nā mana hou no nā makahiki he mau makahiki. ʻOiai ʻaʻole ʻo ia wale nō, ʻo ia ka ʻōnaehana hana i hoʻohana nui ʻia e nā poʻe loea i ka ʻoihana, ʻo ia hoʻi, ka poʻe e hana me ka hana wikiō, hoʻolālā kiʻi a i ʻole nā ​​​​wahi pili.

Linux

ʻO ia ka ʻōnaehana hana i hoʻohana nui ʻia i nā ʻoihana, no ka mea he open source, ʻo ia ka mea e hiki ai ke komo piha i ke code kumu (ʻaʻole like me nā ʻōnaehana hana mua). He mea maʻalahi loa ia, maʻalahi e hoʻopili a manaʻo ʻia he palekana loa. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole maʻamau ia ma ka home a i ʻole kamepiula pilikino.

Pūnaehana paʻa lima a me papa

Ma nā polokalamu kelepona (e like me nā kelepona a me nā papa) ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o nā ʻōnaehana hana a hana ʻia no kēia ʻano mea. ʻOiai aia kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe, ʻo nā mea nui:

IOS

ʻO ia ka ʻōnaehana hana kūʻokoʻa no nā smartphones a me nā papa o ka brand Apple a ʻo ia ka ʻōnaehana hana mua no nā kelepona paʻalima i hana ʻia. He wikiwiki loa ia, he nui nā koho o nā noi e hoʻoiho a me kahi maʻalahi, nani a maʻalahi hoʻi e hoʻokele.

Android

ʻO ia ka ʻōnaehana hana o ka hapa nui o nā smartphones o nā mana like ʻole, e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā koho hou aʻe i ke koho ʻana i kahi kelepona hou, ma ke ʻano o nā hiʻohiʻona a me nā kumukūʻai. Ua hana ʻia e Google a i kēia lā ʻo ia ka ʻōnaehana hana i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua.

He aha nā ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā ʻōnaehana hana?

ʻO nā loina kumu o ka hana ʻana o kēlā me kēia ʻōnaehana like ʻole me ka ʻōnaehana hana, me kekahi mau kikoʻī e pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia ma muli o ka mea a kēlā me kēia kanaka e ʻimi nei i ke kūʻai ʻana i kahi kelepona hou.

ʻO ka ʻokoʻa nui ma ka interface o kēlā me kēia (ʻo ia hoʻi, ka mea i hōʻike ʻia ma kāu pale), no laila ua loaʻa i kēlā me kēia ʻōnaehana hana kona ʻano ponoʻī. He mea maʻamau no ka mea i hoʻohana mau i ka Windows e pilikia i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka Mac a me ka hope. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻohe mea e hoʻonā ʻole i kēlā manawa.

ʻOiai hiki ke hoʻonui a hoʻololi paha i ka ʻōnaehana hana, ʻo ka hapa nui o ka poʻe e pau ʻole i ka hana. No laila ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e koho i ka ʻōnaehana hana e hoʻohana ai ma mua o ke kūʻai ʻana i ka hāmeʻa a aʻo hou e pili ana i ka hana ʻana o kēlā me kēia.

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