papa

I ka makahiki 1972, ua puka mai ʻo Alan Kay, he kanaka ʻepekema kamepiula ʻAmelika, me ka manaʻo o kahi papa (i kapa ʻia ʻo Dynabook), āna i wehewehe ai i kāna mau palapala i paʻi ʻia ma hope. Ua noʻonoʻo ʻo Kay i kahi polokalamu kamepiula pilikino no nā keiki e hana like me ka PC.

ʻO ka Dynabook kahi peni māmā a hōʻike ʻia i kahi kino lohi me ka hōʻike o ka liʻiliʻi he miliona mau pika. Ua manaʻo nā ʻenekini kamepiula like ʻole i nā ʻāpana o nā lako hana e hoʻokō ai i ka manaʻo. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole i hiki mai ka manawa, ʻoiai ʻaʻole i hana ʻia nā kamepiula.

1989: The Brick Era

Ua hoʻomaka ka lolouila papa mua ma ka mākeke ma 1989 ma lalo o ka inoa GRidPad, he inoa i haku ʻia mai ka Pūnaehana Grid. Eia naʻe, ma mua o kēlā, aia nā papa kiʻi i hoʻopili ʻia i nā hale hana kamepiula. Ua ʻae ʻia kēia mau papa kiʻi e hana i nā mea hoʻohana like ʻole, e like me ka animation, ke kaha kiʻi a me nā kiʻi. Hana lākou e like me ka ʻiole o kēia manawa.

ʻAʻole i kokoke ka GRidPad i ka mea a ka Dynabook kikoʻī. Nui lākou, ma kahi o ʻekolu paona ke kaumaha, a ua lōʻihi nā pale mai ko Kay miliona-pixel benchmark. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia nā mea hana ma ke ʻano hina hina.

1991: ka piʻi ʻana o ka PDA

I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o nā makahiki 90, ua paʻi nā mea kōkua kikohoʻe pilikino (PDA) i ka mākeke me ka pā. ʻAʻole like me ka GRidPad, ua lawa ka wikiwiki o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i kēia mau mea hoʻopili, nā kiʻi kūpono, a hiki ke mālama i kahi kōpili o nā noi. Ua lilo nā ʻoihana e like me Nokia, Handspring, Apple, a me Palm i ka hoihoi i nā PDA, a kapa ʻia lākou ʻenehana pen computing.

ʻAʻole like me GRidPads i holo i ka MS-DOS, ua hoʻohana nā mea hoʻopili penikala iā IBM's PenPoint OS a me nā ʻōnaehana hana ʻē aʻe e like me Apple Newton Messenger.

1994: Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka papa ʻoiaʻiʻo mua

I ka hopena o ka makahiki 90 ua pau ka manaʻo noʻonoʻo o ke kiʻi o Kay o kahi papa. I ka makahiki 1994, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Fujitsu i ka papa Stylistic 500 i hoʻohana ʻia e kahi kaʻina hana Intel. Ua hele mai kēia papa me Windows 95, i ʻike ʻia ma kāna ʻano i hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia, ka Stylistic 1000.

Eia naʻe, i ka makahiki 2002, ua loli nā mea a pau i ka wā i hoʻokomo ai ʻo Microsoft, alakaʻi ʻia e Bill Gates, i ka Windows XP Tablet. Ua hoʻohana ʻia kēia mea hana e ka ʻenehana Comdex a ʻo ia ka hōʻike o ka wā e hiki mai ana. ʻO ka mea pōʻino, ʻaʻole hiki i ka Windows XP Tablet ke ola e like me kāna hype no ka mea ʻaʻole hiki iā Microsoft ke hoʻohui i ka ʻōnaehana hana Windows e pili ana i ka papa keyboard i loko o kahi hāmeʻa 100% touch-enabled.

2010: The Real Deal

ʻAʻole hiki i ka makahiki 2010 ka hui ʻo Steve Job, ʻo Apple, i hoʻolauna i ka iPad, kahi papa i hāʻawi i nā mea a pau e makemake ai nā mea hoʻohana e ʻike ma Kay's Dynabook. Ua holo kēia mea hou ma IOS, kahi ʻōnaehana hana e ʻae i nā hiʻohiʻona maʻalahi maʻalahi, kahi pale paʻi intuitive a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana.

Nui nā hui ʻē aʻe i hahai i nā wāwae o Apple, e hoʻokuʻu ana i nā hoʻolālā hou o ka iPad, e alakaʻi ana i ka saturation mākeke. Ma hope mai, ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Microsoft i kāna mau hewa mua a ua hana i ka Windows Tablet hiki ke hoʻopā a hoʻololi ʻia e like me nā kamepiula māmā.

papa i keia la

Mai ka makahiki 2010, ʻaʻole nui aʻe nā hanana hou i ka ʻenehana papa. I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o 2021, ʻo Apple, Microsoft a me Google nā ​​mea pāʻani nui i ka ʻāpana.

I kēia lā, e ʻike ʻoe i nā mea nani e like me ka Nexus, ka Galaxy Tab, ka iPad Air, a me ka Amazon Fire. Hāʻawi kēia mau hāmeʻa i mau haneli miliona mau pika, holo i kahi ākea o nā widget, a ʻaʻole hoʻohana i kahi stylus e like me Kay. Hiki paha ke ʻōlelo ʻia ua ʻoi aku mākou ma mua o ka mea a Kay i noʻonoʻo ai. E hōʻike ana ka manawa i nā holomua hou e loaʻa iā mākou ma ka ʻenehana papa i ka wā e hiki mai ana.

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