2 qhov xwm txheej tshiab ntawm tus kab mob tuag rov tshwm sim hauv Spain tom qab 20 xyoo

Cov kws tshawb fawb los ntawm University of São Paulo (USP) tau txheeb xyuas ob qhov xwm txheej ntawm tus kab mob sabiá (Sabv) nyob rau sab hauv lub xeev, thaum soj ntsuam cov qauv ua npaws daj, hauv 2019. Ob tus neeg mob tuag vim muaj teeb meem tshwm sim los ntawm tus neeg sawv cev kis tau - ua rau ib hom mob hemorrhagic fever thiab tsis raug txheeb xyuas hauv Spain rau 20 xyoo.

Tshaj tawm hauv phau ntawv xov xwm scientific Tshuaj Kho Mob thiab Kab Mob Sib Kis, txoj kev tshawb fawb uas taw qhia txog kev rov tshwm sim ntawm tus kab mob sabiá yog coj los ntawm Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Kho Mob Qav Kub (IMT) thiab Tsev Kho Mob das Clínicas (HC), ob qho tib si ntawm USP Tsev Kawm Ntawv Tshuaj (FMUSP). "Cov neeg mob nthuav tawm kab mob siab, los ntshav, hloov pauv hauv lub paj hlwb thiab tuag", hais tias cov kws sau ntawv.

Cov kws tshawb fawb USP txheeb xyuas ob qhov xwm txheej tshiab ntawm tus kab mob sabiá hauv Spain (Duab: Lakobchuk / Envato Elements)

"Peb tau ua qhov kev tshawb fawb no thaum muaj tus kab mob npaws daj [em 2019]. Yog li, nyob rau hauv cov xwm txheej uas peb tsis tuaj yeem kuaj mob, peb tau tshawb nrhiav lwm yam kab mob, "hais txog Dr. Ana Catharina Nastri, los ntawm Tsev Kho Mob das Clínicas, rau USP Magazine. "Ua rau peb xav tsis thoob, peb pom tias ob qhov xwm txheej no tsis tshua muaj," nws hais ntxiv.

Tam sim no tsis muaj lwm qhov xwm txheej ntawm Sabv paub tias muaj. "Peb pom tsis muaj kab mob tom ntej thaum peb siv serological thiab molecular xeem los ntsuas cov neeg nyob ze," cov sau ntawv sau tseg. Tsis tas li ntawd, nyob rau lub hlis tsis ntev los no tsis muaj lwm yam kis tau tus mob tau raug sau tseg.

Peb paub dab tsi txog tus kab mob sabiá?

Txog tam sim no, kev tshawb fawb tau piav qhia qee hom mamarenavirus Hauv South America, tab sis tus kab mob sabiá yog tus yam ntxwv ntawm Spain. "Ib txhia ntawm cov kab mob no muaj cov kab mob kis tau zoo tshaj plaws, thaum peb tus kab mob poov xab muaj cov ntaub ntawv tsawg heev," Dr. Nastri hais. Piv txwv li, "peb tseem tsis paub tias nws lub pas dej nyob hauv qhov xwm txheej zoo li cas, daim ntawv kis tau tus mob thiab seb puas yuav kis tau los ntawm kev sib cuag ntawm tib neeg," nws hais.

Txog thaum ntawd, cov neeg mob Sabv tau txheeb xyuas hauv Cotia, xyoo 1990, thiab hauv nroog Espírito Santo do Pinhal, xyoo 1999. Feem ntau, ob qhov xwm txheej tshwm sim hauv thaj chaw deb nroog ntawm xeev São Paulo thiab ua rau tuag. ntawm cov neeg mob raws li qhov tshwm sim ntawm hemorrhagic fever.

Lwm qhov kev sib kis dhau los tau tshwm sim hauv cov neeg ua haujlwm hauv chaw kuaj mob uas yuav kis tus kab mob no thaum tuav cov qauv. Hauv qhov no, ob tus kws tshaj lij tau dim.

Vim li cas tus kab mob no muab lub npe?

Thawj kis ntawm tus kab mob sabiá tau txheeb pom hauv lub nroog Cotia (Duab: Emanoel Gugu/Public Domain Pictures)

Nws tsim nyog qhia meej tias tus neeg sawv cev kis tsis muaj dab tsi cuam tshuam nrog candidiasis. Hauv ntsuab, tus kab mob tsuas yog tau txais lub npe ntawd vim tias thawj kis tau txheeb pom hauv thaj chaw Sabiá, hauv nroog Cotia. Hauv keeb kwm ntawm kev tshawb fawb, kev koom tes ntawm hom no qee zaum tshwm sim.

Ob qhov xwm txheej tshiab ntawm tus kab mob tuag taus hauv Spain

Tam sim no, ob qhov xwm txheej tshiab ntawm tus kab mob tuag taus kuj tseem raug txheeb xyuas nyob rau sab hauv ntawm São Paulo - hauv nroog Assis thiab Sorocaba-, tom qab muaj kev xav tias muaj mob hnyav ua npaws daj. "Qhov chaw kho mob zoo ib yam li qhov peb tau pom ua ntej [nas infecções dos anos 1990], thiab ntawm ob qhov xwm txheej tshiab, qhov tshwm sim kuj zoo sib xws," Nastri hais.

Tom ntej no, xyuas seb cov cim qhia thiab cov tsos mob twg raug txheeb xyuas tsawg kawg yog ib tus neeg mob:

  • Mob nqaij thiab plab;
  • kiv taub hau;
  • Ua npaws siab;
  • Kev nkees nkees.
  • Conjunctivitis;
  • Cov hlwv tsis txaus
  • hypotension;
  • neurological tsis ua haujlwm;
  • Kab mob siab;
  • los ntshav;
  • Kev ua pa tsis txaus.

Nyob rau hauv ob qho tib si, nws muaj peev xwm txheeb xyuas qhov tsis zoo ntawm daim siab thiab cov khoom nruab nrog cev uas cuam tshuam nrog kev tsim cov hlwb tiv thaiv, uas tuaj yeem pab txhawb qhov tshwm sim ntawm cov kab mob thib ob. Qhov tseeb no ua rau qhov kev kuaj pom thawj zaug nyuaj dua thiab cuam tshuam qhov muaj peev xwm rov qab los ntawm tus neeg.

Tau qhov twg los: Tshuaj Kho Mob thiab Kab Mob Sib Kis thiab Jornal da USP

Tommy Banks
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