Kho vajtse

Thaum cov kev kawm yog cov khoos phis tawj thiab lwm yam khoom siv thev naus laus zis, nws tuaj yeem hnov ​​​​cov lus Askiv. Ib qho ntawm cov lus nug feem ntau yog "dab tsi yog kho vajtse?", thiab ntawm Zoom peb tau npaj tsab xov xwm no los piav qhia lo lus no txhais li cas.

Cov khoom siv hluav taws xob ntawm cov khoom siv hluav taws xob yog cov txheej txheem ntawm tag nrho cov khoom siv lub cev uas ua rau cov cuab yeej ua haujlwm. Tsis zoo li software, uas yog cov txheej txheem teeb tsa thiab cov txheej txheem sab hauv ntawm lub khoos phis tawj, kho vajtse tsuas yog muaj qhov pom tseeb ntawm lub kaw lus, uas yog, uas tuaj yeem kov nrog tes. Cov khoos phis tawj zoo tshaj plaws (thiab qhov phem tshaj) yog tag nrho cov khoom siv sib xyaw ua ke, piv txwv li.

Lub hardware yog dab tsi?

Nyob rau hauv lub computer los yog lwm yam cuab yeej ua los ntawm hluav taws xob circuits, lub hardware yog cov txheej txheem ntawm lub cev thiab sab nraud peripheral. Rau cov khoom siv kom ua haujlwm zoo, tag nrho cov ntsiab lus no yuav tsum sib haum nrog ib leeg.

Tag nrho cov software xav tau kho vajtse ua haujlwm, tom qab tag nrho, nws tsis tuaj yeem nruab ib qho kev pab cuam hauv computer lossis xov tooj ntawm tes yog tias lawv tsis qhib. Vim li no, txhua daim ntawv thov muaj cov npe yam tsawg kawg nkaus thiab cov lus pom zoo uas tsim nyog rau nws ua haujlwm. Hauv qab no koj tuaj yeem pom dab tsi cov khoom siv sab hauv thiab sab nraud yog dab tsi thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm txhua tus.

Internal hardware yog dab tsi?

Cov khoom siv sab hauv yog lub luag haujlwm rau khaws cia thiab ua cov lus txib tsim los ntawm lub operating system. Pawg no suav nrog txhua qhov chaw thiab cov khoom siv hluav taws xob muaj nyob hauv cov khoom siv xws li. Kawm me ntsis ntxiv txog lawv txhua tus hauv qab no.

Processor (CPU)

Lub processor, tseem hu ua CPU, yog ib qho ntawm cov khoom siv kho vajtse uas ua raws cov lus qhia uas tsim los ntawm cov khoom siv kho vajtse thiab software. Qhov no txhais tau hais tias nws ua tiav tag nrho cov kev suav tsim nyog rau qhov kev zov me nyuam kom ua tiav.

Nws yog ib txoj hauj lwm uas nws ua tau yooj yim nyob rau hauv txhua qhov teeb meem, nws yog qhov ua kom tiav cov qauv Excel yooj yim lossis kho cov duab lossis yees duab hauv cov neeg kho, piv txwv li. Koj puas xav paub ntxiv? Yog li kos tawm cov kab lus no ntawm processors thiab qee cov piv txwv hauv qab no!

Daim npav video (GPU)

Nrog rau qhov nrov ntawm kev ua si hauv PC ua tsaug rau kev ua tsov ua rog xws li Counter-Strike, Warcraft thiab Hnub Nyoog ntawm Empires 2, cov txheej txheem pib dhau los thaum nws los ua qhov tsim nyog suav kom khiav cov kev ua si zoo.

Tias yog vim li cas daim npav video pib tshwm, uas niaj hnub no yog qhov tseem ceeb rau txhua tus neeg uas xav ua si lossis ua haujlwm nrog kev kho video, piv txwv li. Sib ntaus sib tua Royale kev ua si zoo li Fortnite thiab Hu rau Lub Luag Haujlwm: Warzone qhia qhov xav tau no, tsis hais txog kev ua si qhib ntiaj teb kev ua si taug txuj kev nyuaj xws li Assassin's Creed: Valhalla thiab Cyberpunk 2077.

Lub luag haujlwm ntawm daim npav daim npav yog ua kom pom, uas yog, tsim cov duab uas tso tawm kom pom ntawm koj lub vijtsam thaum koj ua si lossis siv qhov program kho. Hauv lwm lo lus, nws ua txhua yam uas yog qhov muag pom, rov tsim nws nrog qhov kev ncaj ncees zoo tshaj plaws.

Txog rau tam sim no, muaj onboard video phaib, uas yog soldered ncaj qha mus rau lub motherboard, thiab offboard, kuj hu ua mob siab rau. Hauv qhov piv txwv thib ob no, cov khoom siv tau nruab rau ntawm lub motherboard thiab tuaj yeem raug tshem tawm lossis hloov yog tias tsim nyog.

Niam Xaiv

Nws yog lub hauv paus kho vajtse ntawm koj lub computer lossis laptop. Hauv lwm lo lus, lub motherboard yog cov khoom siv kho vajtse uas coj tag nrho cov khoom siv ntxiv ua ke thiab ua rau nws ua haujlwm ua ke.

Tias yog vim li cas thiaj li tsis muaj qhov tsis muaj cov khoom sib txuas, cov khoom siv thiab cov chaw nres nkoj, vim nws yog lub motherboard uas ua txhua yam haujlwm ntawm kev sib koom ua ke ntawm lwm daim. Xws li cov processors thiab video phaib hais saum toj no.

HD los yog SSD

Nws yog nyob rau hauv HD los yog SSD qhov twg cov ntaub ntawv uas koj tsim los yog download tau rau koj lub computer yog khaws cia. Thaum lub hard drive yog cov cuab yeej siv thev naus laus zis qub vim nws tsuas yog cov cuab yeej siv tshuab hauv computer, SSD yog hluav taws xob thiab tso cai rau cov ntaub ntawv los nyeem lossis tsim sai dua lub hard drive.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, hard drives zoo li muaj peev xwm cia siab dua lossis, piv rau SSD, lawv zoo li pheej yig dua. Yog li, tshawb xyuas qhov zoo tshaj plaws deals ntawm hard drives thiab SSDs ntawm Zoom!

RAM nco

RAM muaj qhov ua haujlwm zoo ib yam li HD lossis SSD, tab sis nws lub hom phiaj yog txawv me ntsis. Hloov chaw khaws cia cov ntaub ntawv nkag mus rau txhua lub sijhawm koj xav tau, nws yog hom khaws cia ib ntus.

Cov ntaub ntawv no tsis nyob hauv RAM rau koj nkag, tab sis rau lub computer nws tus kheej. Hauv lwm lo lus, nws yog koj lub computer uas nkag mus rau cov ntaub ntawv hauv RAM. Cov ntaub ntawv ib ntus no tau muab khaws cia rau ntawd vim tias lawv nrawm dua li HD lossis SSD. Qhov no txhais tau hais tias cov ntaub ntawv hauv RAM pab koj lub khoos phis tawj lossis lub laptop ua haujlwm sai dua.

Tab sis vim li cas thiaj li tsis RAM ua hom kev cia? Thawj qhov laj thawj yog tias nws lub peev xwm feem ntau qis dua. Tsis tas li ntawd, cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia rau ntawm qhov kho vajtse no raug tshem tawm sai li sai tau thaum lub PC raug tua.

Kawm hauv Zoom yuav ua li cas kom paub qhov twg yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws RAM nco rau koj lub computer thiab nco ntsoov xyuas peb cov khoom siv tseem ceeb no.

Khoom noj khoom haus

Lub luag haujlwm ntawm lub zog hluav taws xob nkaus xwb yog kev tswj hwm thiab kev faib tawm ntawm lub zog uas ncav cuag lub computer. Nws muab lub motherboard dab tsi txhua qhov yuav tsum tau ua haujlwm ntawm nws qhov zoo tshaj plaws.

Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, cov khoom siv hluav taws xob kuj tseem sim kom tsis txhob siv hluav taws xob pov tseg. Tshawb xyuas qee cov khoom siv fais fab ntawm no ntawm Zoom!

Sab nraud hardware yog dab tsi?

Sab nrauv kho vajtse yog cov khoom siv peripherals uas txuas rau cov khoom siv sab hauv. Hauv qhov no, koj tuaj yeem sau npe qee yam khoom siv tshaj plaws hauv computers thiab laptops.

Nas thiab cov keyboard

Muaj tseeb ob qhov zoo tshaj plaws-paub cov khoom siv kuj tseem yog ib feem ntawm cov khoom siv kho vajtse, txawm hais tias lawv tsis yog qhov tseem ceeb rau lub khoos phis tawj kom qhib. Ntawm qhov tod tes, nws tsis yooj yim sua kom lub computer ua haujlwm zoo yam tsis muaj lawv.

Yog tsis muaj tus nas (los yog lub trackpad, sib npaug rau nas ntawm lub laptops), piv txwv li, nws tsis tuaj yeem txav tus cursor. Cov keyboard yog qhov tseem ceeb rau kev ntaus ntawv thiab tseem ua haujlwm rau PC. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev kom nrhiav tau cov khoom siv nrog nas thiab keyboard ua ke hauv khw.

Webcam thiab microphone

Nquag sib xyaw ua ke hauv txhua hom laptops, tab sis tsis nyob hauv desktop computers, lub webcam tso cai rau koj los ua yeeb yaj kiab thiab xa cov yeeb yaj kiab los ntawm lub computer. Lub webcam yog ib feem ntawm cov txheej txheem kho vajtse thiab software rau kev sib tham video, siv cov ntawv tshwj xeeb.

Ntxiv nrog rau cov rooj sib tham hauv online, muaj ib qho ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws PC webcams yog qhov tseem ceeb rau cov neeg uas xav kaw cov yeeb yaj kiab rau YouTube lossis nyob kwj lawv nyiam ua si los ua streamer.

Lub microphone muaj qhov ua haujlwm zoo ib yam thiab feem ntau ua rau hauv laptops, ua rau nws npaj rau kev sib tham video. Txawm li cas los xij, ntawm lub khoos phis tawj desktop nws yuav tsum siv lub microphone los xa lub suab. Ua li no, koj tsuas yog yuav tsum kawm yuav ua li cas ntsuas lub microphone thiab pib koj cov kev tshaj tawm nyob nrog lub suab zoo dua.

Nws yog tsim nyog hais tias feem ntau lub mloog pob ntseg lossis kaus mom hlau feem ntau tuaj nrog lub microphone built-in.

saib

Lwm cov khoom siv sab nraud uas yog qhov tsim nyog tsuas yog rau cov uas tab tom tsim cov khoos phis tawj desktop, tus saib yog qhov tseem ceeb kom pom tias muaj dab tsi tshwm sim hauv koj lub PC. Muaj cov saib xyuas txhua yam, qhov ntau thiab tsawg thiab tus nqi.

Yog tias koj xav tau ib lub monitor rau koj lub computer ua haujlwm, piv txwv li, koj tuaj yeem saib rau qee qhov pheej yig saib. Tom qab tag nrho, nws tsuas yog qhia cov haujlwm yooj yim ib hnub rau ib hnub.

Tab sis yog tias koj xav ua si nrog cov duab zoo tshaj plaws, koj yuav tsum tau nqis peev rau hauv tus qauv zoo dua, muaj peev xwm nthuav tawm txhua yam koj daim npav video ua tau. Cov saib xyuas rau gamers yog qhov tsim nyog tshaj plaws, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov uas muaj zaus ntau dua, vim lawv muaj peev xwm ua kom pom cov dej txav ntau dua li cov khoom siv ntawm cov khoom siv no. Ntsib qee qhov zoo tshaj plaws!

Tshuab Luam Ntawv

Nws tuaj yeem pom hauv txhua lub tsev lossis chaw ua haujlwm uas cuam tshuam nrog cov ntawv, lub tshuab luam ntawv kuj yog kho vajtse. Ntawm qhov tod tes, nws yog ib qho ntawm ob peb lub peripheral uas tsis tseem ceeb hauv lub computer.

Nws txoj haujlwm yog qhov siv tau ntau dua, vim nws muaj peev xwm luam tawm cov ntaub ntawv digital hauv cov ntaub ntawv lub cev. Txawm hais tias qhov no yog nws txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb, ntau tus qauv kuj muaj peev xwm ua qhov rov qab. Ntawd yog, nyeem cov ntaub ntawv lub cev thiab tsim cov ntawv luam digital. Cov tshuab luam ntawv muaj peev xwm ua tau qhov no yog hu ua ntau lub tshuab luam ntawv, raws li koj tuaj yeem pom hauv peb cov npe ntawm cov kev xaiv zoo tshaj plaws rau xyoo 2021.

Lub mloog pob ntseg lossis pob ntseg pob ntseg

Tej zaum lawv yuav zoo li yooj yim heev rau peripheral yuav suav hais tias yog kho vajtse, tab sis lub mloog pob ntseg kuj nyob rau hauv pawg no. Txawm li cas los xij, zoo li cov tshuab luam ntawv, lawv tsis yog qhov tseem ceeb rau kev ua haujlwm ntawm lub computer.

Ntawm qee qhov zoo ntawm lub mloog pob ntseg yog qhov ua tau ntawm kev mloog cov suab paj nruag uas koj nyiam lossis txaus siab rau koj cov kev ua si nyiam yam tsis muaj qhov ntim ua ib qho kev tsis txaus siab hauv tsev lossis tom haujlwm.

Qee cov qauv tsim nrog kev ua si hauv siab, nrog kev ua si zoo dua thiab cov thev naus laus zis uas qhia rau koj paub tias sab twg nrov hauv kev ua si los ntawm. Piv txwv li, hauv kev ua si zoo li Fortnite, koj yuav paub qhov twg koj raug tawm tsam, qee yam tsis tshwm sim thaum koj siv cov neeg hais lus ntawm koj lub TV ntse lossis koj lub laptop.

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