Khoos phib tawj

Niaj hnub no txhua tus muaj lub computer hauv lawv lub tsev lossis chaw ua haujlwm. Txawm hais tias ua haujlwm, kawm lossis kev lom zem yooj yim, khoos phis tawj pab peb rau ntau lub hom phiaj.

Ib yam li ob peb xyoos dhau los peb paub cov khoos phis tawj desktop ib txwm muaj, dhau sijhawm ntau hom thiab ntau thiab tsawg tau tshwm sim, nrog cov yam ntxwv sib txawv. Vim li no, nws yog qhov zoo uas yuav tsum paub txog cov kev xaiv sib txawv ntawm kev ua lag luam thaum xaiv hom computer zoo rau peb cov dej num.

hom computers

Ntawm no peb muab cov npe sib txawv ntawm cov khoos phis tawj uas peb pom hauv khw. Qee tus muaj zog, thaum lwm tus nyob hauv kev tawm tsam.

Rooj ntawv

Cov khoos phis tawj desktop yog cov khoos phis tawj qub qub, uas tau muab tso rau ntawm lub rooj thiab siv hauv kev ua haujlwm txhua hnub. Lawv muaj xws li ib tug central unit, feem ntau nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm ib tug parallelepiped, uas muaj cov tsim nyog pab kiag li lawm rau lub lag luam ntawm lub computer nws tus kheej. Tag nrho cov peripherals ntawm lub system txuas nrog nws, xws li saib, keyboard, nas... Lub khoos phis tawj desktop yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws rau kev ua haujlwm txhua hnub hauv chaw ua haujlwm vim qhov loj ntawm lub monitor, muaj peev xwm siv ntau ntau. ntawm lub cim xeeb thiab, ua tsaug rau ntau cov connectors, nws yog ib qho yooj yim mus cuag ntau peripherals.

Lub laptop

Laptops yog ntau compact. Qhov tseem ceeb feature yog tias lawv muab cov motherboard, disk drive, keyboard thiab video hauv ib lub cev. Cov tom kawg yog hom tshwj xeeb, feem ntau yog cov kua muaju, tab sis nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub nrog ib tug hneev taw me me heev. Lwm qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm lub laptop yog tias nws muaj lub roj teeb sab hauv uas tso cai rau nws ua haujlwm autonomously, tsis tas yuav tsum tau txuas nrog hluav taws xob network. Ntawm chav kawm, lub accumulator no muaj ib tug txwv lub neej, lub sij hawm ntawm lub sij hawm txiav txim, ntau tshaj li los ntawm lub accumulator nws tus kheej, los ntawm kev noj cov nyiaj tso cai los ntawm cov neeg ua hauj lwm circuits. Kev tsim hluav taws xob zoo hluav taws xob thiab kev siv cov khoom siv hluav taws xob tsawg tuaj yeem tso cai siv rau ob peb teev. Lub khoos phis tawj yog muab nrog lub hau, qhov qhib uas nthuav tawm qhov screen, nyob rau sab nraub qaum, thiab cov keyboard. Nws yog ib qho kev tawg nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no ntawm tus kheej lub computer raws li nws ua tau zoo portable. Nws txoj kev tswj hwm tus kheej, txawm tias txwv tsis pub dhau lub sijhawm, tso cai rau nws ua haujlwm hauv ib puag ncig, ua kom muaj txiaj ntsig (thiab qee zaum tseem ceeb) rau cov neeg uas nquag mus ua haujlwm sab nraud.

Notebooks

Raws li lub npe qhia, cov khoos phis tawj no zoo ib yam li cov ntawv sau: 21 centimeters los ntawm 30 centimeters. Tab sis lawv tsis muaj qhov ua haujlwm zoo ib yam: lawv yog cov khoos phis tawj tus kheej hauv lawv tus kheej txoj cai thiab tuaj yeem khiav txhua qhov haujlwm ntawm desktops lossis laptops. Qee cov qauv tsis muaj floppy drive, thiab cov ntaub ntawv tsuas yog pauv nrog lwm lub computer ntawm cable. Lub vijtsam zoo ib yam li lub laptops, tab sis txhua yam tseem me dua. Cov keyboard tsis muaj tus lej keypad: nws tuaj yeem qhib rau hauv cov keyboard nws tus kheej los ntawm kev siv tus yuam sij tshwj xeeb.

Phau ntawv

Phau ntawv cwj mem yog phau ntawv tsis muaj cov keyboard. Nws yog txawm peem rau nrog tshwj xeeb cov kev pab cuam uas tso cai rau koj siv nws nrog ib tug tshwj xeeb mem hluav nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm ib tug ballpoint cwj mem. Tus cwj mem tsis tsuas yog siv los muab cov lus txib rau cov kev pab cuam, zoo ib yam li nas ntawm desktop computers, tab sis kuj nkag mus rau cov ntaub ntawv. Ntawm lub vijtsam ntawm phau ntawv cwj mem koj tuaj yeem sau tau, zoo li ntawm ib daim ntawv, thiab lub khoos phis tawj txhais koj tsab ntawv thiab hloov nws ua cov ntawv cim zoo li koj tau sau rau ntawm cov keyboard. Hom computer no txuas ntxiv mus. Cov ntawv txhais lus theem tseem qeeb heev thiab ua yuam kev, thaum lwm yam ntawm kev ua haujlwm tau zoo dua. Piv txwv li, kev kho thiab kho cov ntawv nyeem twb tau ua tiav hauv txoj kev tshiab thiab zoo ib yam li tus neeg siv tus cwj pwm instinctive. Yog hais tias ib lo lus yuav tsum tau muab tshem tawm, tsuas yog kos tus ntoo khaub lig hla nws nrog tus cwj mem.

xib teg

Lub palmtop yog lub computer qhov loj ntawm daim kab xev. Tsis txhob cuam tshuam lub palmtop nrog cov txheej txheem los yog lub tshuab xam zauv hnab tshos. Ob lub xov tooj ntawm tes thiab lub tshuab xam zauv tuaj yeem, qee zaum, pauv cov ntaub ntawv nrog lub khoos phis tawj tus kheej, tab sis lawv tsis tau nruab nrog cov txheej txheem kev ua haujlwm lossis cov haujlwm. Lub palmtop yog lub khoos phis tawj ntawm nws tus kheej txoj cai: nws tuaj yeem ua haujlwm lossis kho cov ntaub ntawv ib yam li lub khoos phis tawj desktop. Qhov me me cuam tshuam rau txhua qhov chaw ntawm lub computer. Lub vijtsam LCD yog me me, ib yam li cov keyboard, nws cov yuam sij yog me me. Lub hard disk tsis muaj kiag li, thiab cov ntaub ntawv raug kaw los ntawm kev nco muaj nyob rau hauv daim npav me me uas siv nws tus kheej. Kev sib pauv ntaub ntawv nrog lub khoos phis tawj desktop tsuas yog ua tau los ntawm cable. Ntawm chav kawm, lub hnab tshos computer tsis yog siv los ua cov cuab yeej ua haujlwm tseem ceeb. Nws tuaj yeem siv los nug lossis hloov kho cov ntaub ntawv. Qee cov lus piav qhia tuaj yeem ua tau, tab sis kev sau ib tsab ntawv yuav luag tsis yooj yim sua thiab nkees heev vim qhov loj ntawm cov yuam sij.

Workstation

Cov chaw ua haujlwm yog cov khoos phis tawj siv ib zaug, hais txog qhov loj thiab qhov pom ntawm lub khoos phis tawj desktop lossis loj dua me ntsis. Lawv tau nruab nrog ntau cov processors, ntau lub cim xeeb thiab muaj peev xwm cia. Cov chaw ua haujlwm tsim nyog rau cov haujlwm tshwj xeeb, feem ntau hauv cov duab kos duab, tsim qauv, kos duab kos duab thiab engineering. Cov no yog cov ntawv thov nyuaj, xav tau lub zog tsis sib xws thiab nrawm rau kev ua haujlwm hauv chaw ua haujlwm. Tus nqi ntawm cov tshuab no yog ib txwm siab dua li ntawm tus kheej lub computer.

Minicomputers

Cov khoos phis tawj no, txawm tias lawv lub npe, tseem muaj zog dua. Lawv tau muab tso rau hauv nruab nrab ntawm lub network ntawm cov terminals, txhua tus ua haujlwm nrog lub khoos phis tawj me me xws li nws yog lub khoos phis tawj cais, tab sis sib qhia cov ntaub ntawv, cov khoom siv luam ntawv thiab cov kev pabcuam tib yam. Qhov tseeb, dab tsi yog ib qho ntawm minicomputers yog qhov muaj peev xwm muaj ib qho kev pab cuam uas siv ib txhij los ntawm ntau lub terminals. Lawv tau siv tshwj xeeb hauv kev tswj hwm kev lag luam, qhov twg kev sib pauv ntawm cov kev pab cuam thiab cov ntaub ntawv yog qhov tseem ceeb: txhua tus tuaj yeem ua haujlwm nrog tib cov txheej txheem thiab cov ntaub ntawv tuaj yeem hloov kho raws sijhawm.

Mainframe

Mainframes yog nyob rau hauv ib tug ntau dua echelon. Cov khoos phis tawj no tuaj yeem siv los ntawm ntau lub davhlau ya nyob twg, txawm tias nyob deb dhau los ntawm kev sib txuas telematic. Lawv tuaj yeem khaws ntau cov ntaub ntawv cov ntaub ntawv thiab khiav ntau yam kev pab cuam tib lub sijhawm. Lawv yog siv nyob rau hauv cov tuam txhab loj rau kev lag luam tswj nws tus kheej los yog hauv lub xeev cov koom haum rau kev kho cov ntaub ntawv loj thiab tas li hloov cov ntaub ntawv. Lawv yog cov tseem ceeb ntawm cov ntaub ntawv kev pabcuam ntawm cov tsev txhab nyiaj, tuam txhab nyiaj txiag thiab kev sib pauv khoom lag luam. Lawv kuj tau siv los ntawm pej xeem thiab ntiag tug cov kev pabcuam telematic vim tias lawv tso cai rau tib lub sijhawm sib txuas ntawm ntau lub davhlau ya nyob twg lossis khoos phis tawj thiab kev ua tiav sai ntawm cov khoom lag luam.

supercomputers

Raws li koj xav tau, supercomputers yog cov khoos phis tawj uas muaj kev ua tau zoo tshaj plaws. Lawv muaj tsawg heev. Lawv cov nqi yog siab heev thiab lawv tau siv rau hauv kev tsim qauv thiab kev ua cov ntaub ntawv siab heev. Ntxiv nrog rau cov tuam txhab ntau lub teb chaws, supercomputers tau siv los ntawm lub xeev cov koom haum thiab cov koom haum tub rog.

TechnoBreak | Muab thiab tshuaj xyuas
logo
Cia rau npe nyob rau hauv cov chaw - dav dav
Khw laub