Ntsiav tshuaj

Ntseeg nws los tsis, cov ntsiav tshuaj tsis tuaj rau kev lag luam raws li lub ci, slim, thiab stylish gadgets lawv niaj hnub no. Lawv kuj tsis tawm ntawm xiav hauv 2010 zoo li iPad.

Muaj keeb kwm nplua nuj tom qab lawv rov qab ze li tsib xyoo lawm. Ua raws li peb piav qhia luv luv txog keeb kwm ntawm cov khoos phis tawj me me no thiab cov txheej txheem thev naus laus zis uas ua rau lawv niaj hnub no.

Keeb kwm ntawm cov ntsiav tshuaj

Xyoo 1972, Alan Kay, tus kws paub txog computer hauv Asmeskas, tuaj nrog lub tswv yim ntawm lub ntsiav tshuaj (hu ua Dynabook), uas nws tau piav qhia hauv nws cov ntawv luam tawm tom qab. Kay xav txog tus kheej lub computer rau cov menyuam yaus uas yuav ua haujlwm zoo li lub PC.

Lub Dynabook muaj lub teeb cwj mem thiab muaj lub cev yuag nrog cov zaub tsawg kawg ib lab pixels. Ntau lub khoos phis tawj engineers tau qhia cov khoom siv kho vajtse uas tuaj yeem ua haujlwm los ua kom lub tswv yim ua tiav. Txawm li cas los xij, lub sijhawm tseem tsis tau, txij li lub laptops tseem tsis tau tsim.

1989: Lub Sijhawm Cib

Thawj lub khoos phis tawj ntsiav tshuaj tau nthuav tawm hauv kev ua lag luam hauv xyoo 1989 raws li lub npe GRidPad, lub npe tau tsim los ntawm Grid System. Txawm li cas los xij, ua ntej ntawd, muaj cov ntsiav tshuaj graphics uas txuas nrog lub computer workstations. Cov graphic ntsiav tshuaj no tso cai rau tsim cov neeg siv sib txawv, xws li animation, kos duab thiab duab. Lawv ua haujlwm zoo li tus nas tam sim no.

Lub GRidPad tsis nyob ze qhov twg Dynabook piav qhia. Lawv yog cov loj, hnyav txog peb phaus, thiab cov ntxaij vab tshaus tau ntev los ntawm Kay lub lab-pixel benchmark. Cov khoom siv kuj tseem tsis tau tshwm sim hauv greyscale.

1991: Kev nce ntawm PDA

Thaum ntxov xyoo 90, tus kws pabcuam tus kheej (PDAs) ntaus lub lag luam nrog lub suab nrov. Tsis zoo li GRidPad, cov khoos phis tawj no muaj kev ua haujlwm txaus, cov duab ncaj ncees, thiab tuaj yeem tuav cov ntaub ntawv siv tau zoo. Cov tuam txhab xws li Nokia, Handspring, Apple, thiab Xibtes tau nyiam PDAs, hu rau lawv cov cwj mem siv tshuab.

Tsis zoo li GRidPads uas khiav MS-DOS, cov khoom siv cwj mem siv IBM's PenPoint OS thiab lwm yam kev khiav hauj lwm xws li Apple Newton Messenger.

1994: Thawj cov ntsiav tshuaj muaj tseeb raug tso tawm

Nyob rau hauv lub lig 90's lub tswv yim tshiab ntawm Kay cov duab ntawm ib ntsiav tshuaj twb dhau lawm. Xyoo 1994, Fujitsu tso tawm Stylistic 500 ntsiav tshuaj uas tau siv los ntawm Intel processor. Cov ntsiav tshuaj no tuaj nrog Windows 95, uas kuj tau tshwm sim hauv nws qhov kev txhim kho, Stylistic 1000.

Txawm li cas los xij, xyoo 2002, txhua yam hloov pauv thaum Microsoft, coj los ntawm Bill Gates, qhia txog Windows XP Tablet. Cov cuab yeej no tau siv los ntawm Comdex thev naus laus zis thiab yuav tsum tau tshwm sim rau yav tom ntej. Hmoov tsis zoo, Windows XP Tablet ua tsis tau raws li nws cov hype vim Microsoft tsis tuaj yeem koom ua ke cov keyboard-based Windows operating system rau hauv 100% touch-enabled device.

2010: Kev Ua Haujlwm tiag

Nws tsis yog txog xyoo 2010 uas Steve Job lub tuam txhab, Apple, qhia lub iPad, ib ntsiav tshuaj uas muaj txhua yam uas cov neeg siv xav pom hauv Kay's Dynabook. Cov cuab yeej tshiab no tau khiav ntawm iOS, ib qho kev khiav hauj lwm uas tso cai yooj yim customization nta, ib qho intuitive kov screen thiab siv gestures.

Ntau lwm lub tuam txhab ua raws li Apple cov kauj ruam, tso tawm cov qauv tsim iPad rov qab, ua rau kev lag luam saturation. Tom qab ntawd, Microsoft tau hloov kho rau nws qhov kev ua yuam kev dhau los thiab tsim qhov kov-phooj ywg ntau dua, hloov pauv tau Windows Tablet uas ua haujlwm zoo li lub laptops hnyav.

ntsiav tshuaj hnub no

Txij li xyoo 2010, tsis tau muaj ntau qhov kev ua tiav hauv cov ntsiav tshuaj thev naus laus zis. Raws li thaum ntxov 2021, Apple, Microsoft thiab Google yog tam sim no cov players tseem ceeb hauv kev lag luam.

Niaj hnub no, koj yuav pom cov khoom siv zoo li Nexus, Galaxy Tab, iPad Air, thiab Amazon Hluav Taws Kub. Cov khoom siv no muaj ntau pua lab pixels, khiav ntau yam ntawm cov widgets, thiab nyuam qhuav siv lub stylus zoo li Kay's. Tej zaum nws tuaj yeem hais tias peb tau dhau qhov uas Kay xav txog. Lub sij hawm yuav qhia txog qhov kev nce qib ntxiv uas peb yuav tau txais hauv cov cuab yeej thev naus laus zis yav tom ntej.

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