Ndi Consolas

N'ezie ị na-echeta Master System, Super Nintendo ma ọ bụ Megadrive. Mana ị na-echeta Atari 2600 ma ọ bụ SG-1000? Ndị na-anụ ọkụ n'obi na-egwu egwuregwu retro na-aga n'ihu na-egwu consoles ochie ndị a n'oge ntụrụndụ ha.

Ugbu a, anyị na PlayStation, XBox na ndị ọzọ na-abịa ọgbọ ọhụrụ nke egwuregwu consoles. Ihe njikwa ụlọ mbụ nke ụwa malitere na 1972: Magnavox Odyssey. Aha mara mma maka ntakịrị mbụ. N'ime ihe karịrị afọ iri anọ nke ịdị adị, ụlọ ọrụ egwuregwu vidiyo enyela anyị ihe egwuregwu egwuregwu ole na ole na-echeta ... Ị chetara?

The kacha mma retro na vintage consoles na akụkọ ihe mere eme

Ndị mmeri dere akụkọ ihe mere eme nwere mkpụrụedemede ukwu, dịka anyị niile maara. Otu ihe ahụ na-aga maka egwuregwu vidiyo. Ọ bụrụ na anyị maara ndị na-emepụta ihe njikwa njikwa dị ka Nintendo, Sony, Microsoft ma ọ bụ SEGA mbubreyo, gịnị banyere ndị ọzọ? Ndị nwara ụzọ ọhụrụ ma ọ bụ megharịa wiilị ahụ. Ọfọn, anyị ga-agwa gị ugbu a.

Magnavox Odyssey, ewepụtara na 1972 na US na 1973 na Europe, nke mbụ n'ime consoles egwuregwu niile.

Aha interstellar maka ihe ngụgụ na-acha ọcha snow. Odyssey bụ nke mbụ ọgbọ egwuregwu consoles ma mepụtara Magnavox. Igbe starch a nwere usoro kaadị ma jikọọ na telivishọn. Ihe njikwa ahụ gosipụtara egwuregwu ahụ na oji na ọcha. Ndị na-egwu egwuregwu debere oyi akwa rọba na ihuenyo wee jiri bọtịnụ ntụgharị mee ka ntụpọ.

Fairchild Channel F, ewepụtara na 1976 na United States

E wepụtara ihe njikwa egwuregwu Fairchild Channel F (nke a makwaara dị ka Sistemụ Ntụrụndụ Video ma ọ bụ VES) na November 1976 na United States wee ree ya $170. Ọ bụ egwuregwu egwuregwu vidiyo izizi n'ụwa nke nwere microprocessor ma dabere na sistemụ katrij.

Atari 2600, wepụtara na 1977 na United States

Atari 2600 (ma ọ bụ Atari VCS) bụ console ọgbọ nke abụọ sitere na Ọktoba 1977. N'oge ahụ, a na-ere ya ihe dị ka $199, ma jiri joystick na egwuregwu ọgụ ("Agha"). Atari 2600 tụgharịrị bụrụ otu n'ime egwuregwu egwuregwu vidiyo kachasị ewu ewu nke ọgbọ ya (ọ mebiri ndekọ maka ogologo ndụ na Europe) wee gosipụta mmalite nke nnukwu ahịa maka egwuregwu vidiyo.

Intellivision, ewepụtara na 1980 na United States

Mattel mepụtara na 1979, ihe njikwa egwuregwu Intellivision (mkwekọrịta nke ọgụgụ isi na Television) bụ onye asọmpi kpọmkwem nke Atari 2600. A na-ere ya na United States na 1980 na ọnụ ahịa $ 299 ma nwee otu egwuregwu: Las Vegas BlackJack .

Sega SG-1000, ewepụtara na 1981 na Japan

SG 1000, ma ọ bụ Sega Game 1000, bụ ihe njikwa ọgbọ nke atọ nke onye mbipụta Japan SEGA mepụtara, na-aka akara ntinye ya n'ahịa egwuregwu vidiyo ụlọ.

The Colecovision, ewepụtara na 1982 na United States

Na-eri obere $399 n'oge ahụ, njikwa egwuregwu a bụ console ọgbọ nke abụọ nke ụlọ ọrụ Connecticut Akpụkpọ anụ mepụtara. Eserese ya na njikwa egwuregwu ya yiri nke egwuregwu ịgba egwu nke afọ 80. E wepụtara ihe dị ka aha egwuregwu vidiyo 400 na katrij n'oge ndụ ya niile.

The Atari 5200, wepụtara na 1982 na United States

Emepụtara egwuregwu egwuregwu ọgbọ nke abụọ a ka ya na ndị bu ya ụzọ nwee ike ịsọ mpi Intellivision na ColecoVision, egwuregwu egwuregwu kacha ewu ewu na ahịa yana, karịa ihe niile, dị ọnụ ala. Atari 5200, nke a na-ahapụbeghị na France, chọrọ igosi ihe ọhụrụ ya site na ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri 4 ya na drawer nchekwa. Agbanyeghị, console dara nke ọma.

SNK's Neo-Geo, ewepụtara na 1991 na Japan, Royce nke consoles egwuregwu!

Amarakwa dị ka NeoGeo Advanced Entertainment System, Neo-Geo console yiri sistemụ Neo-Geo MVS arcade. Ọbá akwụkwọ egwuregwu 2D ha lekwasịrị anya n'ịlụ ọgụ egwuregwu ma dịkwa mma. Ihu, ọha na eze na-ewere ya dị ka ihe njikwa "okomoko".

Panasonic's 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, ewepụtara na 1993 na United States

Ihe njikwa a, nke nwere ọdịdị ọgbara ọhụrụ karịa acolytes ya, kwekọrọ n'ụkpụrụ 3DO (Ihe 3D) nke Ụlọ ọrụ 3DO, ụlọ ọrụ na-ebipụta egwuregwu vidio America hibere. Mkpebi kachasị ya bụ 320 × 240 na agba nde 16, ọ kwadoro ụfọdụ mmetụta 3D. Ọ nwere otu ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri joystick, mana ekwere ka a na-ebugharị 8 ndị ọzọ. Ọnụ ya? 700 dollar.

The Jaguar, ewepụtara na 1993 na United States

N'agbanyeghị aha nrọ ya na nkà na ụzụ dị elu, Jaguar adịghị adịte aka na ahịa. Ihe njikwa cartridge ikpeazụ nke Atari wepụtara nwere ọbá akwụkwọ egwuregwu nwere oke oke, nke nwere ike ịkọwa ọdịda ya.

Nuon - VM Labs - 2000

Na mmalite 2000s, Nuon pụtara, teknụzụ VM Labs nke onye bụbu Atari tọrọ ntọala, nke nyere ohere itinye ihe vidiyo na ihe ọkpụkpọ DVD. Maka ndị na-echeta, Jeff Minter bụ otu n'ime ndị nrụpụta ngwanrọ ha. Ọ bụ ya na-ahụ maka Tempest na ụdị ya niile na Mwakpo nke Kamel Mutant. Ọ bụrụ na echiche ahụ mara mma na akwụkwọ, naanị Toshiba na Samsung wụsara na bandwagon. Mana atụnyere Nintendo 64, yana ọkachasị PlayStation 2 na Dreamcast, ọ siri ike ịnweta ntọala. Naanị egwuregwu 8 ka ewepụtara maka nkwado a, gụnyere Tempest 3000 ma ọ bụ Space Invaders XL

Microvision - MB - 1979

A na-echekarị na Game Boy (nke gbara afọ 30 n'oge na-adịbeghị anya) na-eche na ọ bụ console izizi nwere katridges na-agbanwe agbanwe. Ọfọn, n'ezie MB's Microvision buru ya ụzọ (mgbe emechara ghọọ Vectrex) ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ afọ iri. Nke a ogologo igwe ekwelarị ka ọ na-ekpori ndụ egwuregwu dị iche iche na njedebe nke 1979. Dị iche iche bụ ihe ekwesighi, n'ihi na n'etiti mmepụta ntụpọ nke na-ejedebe ndụ nke ihuenyo, components na keyboard, na aha 12 ya wepụtara na afọ anọ, ọ bụ ọ bụghị n'ezie oriri. Agbanyeghị, ọ nwere ike ịnya isi na ịbụ onye mbụ.

Phantom – Infinium Labs – Kagbuo

Ka anyị na-aghọ aghụghọ a bit na nke a ranking na banyere Phantom, na "console" nke na-ahụtụbeghị ìhè nke ụbọchị ma na mere gamers nrọ nke ọhụrụ releases na 2003. The ruturu na-abata n'uche n'ihi na ọ bụ n'elu ihe niile a PC ike na-agba ọsọ na. egwuregwu nke oge na nke ọdịnihu. Ma, na nke a bụ isi ihe siri ike dị ka ndị na-emepụta ya si kwuo, ọ na-enye ohere ịnweta egwuregwu na ọchịchọ, nke a maara nke ọma dị ka egwuregwu na igwe ojii, n'ihi draịvụ ike ya na njikọ Ịntanetị. N'afọ 2003. Ya mere, anyị na-aga n'ihu OnLive, nke mekwara ka ọ dị elu. N'ezie, mgbe ịchọtaghị onye ọ bụla na-etinye ego zuru oke iji tinye $ 30 nde achọrọ maka ọrụ ahụ, Phantom tọgbọrọ izu ike yana Infinium Labs, ebe a kpọgharịrị aha ya Phantom Entertainment, abanyela na igodo ya iji tinye n'apata gị. Weebụsaịtị ahụ ka dị n'ịntanetị, ma enwere ike ịzụta ngwa ndị a. Mana kpachara anya, emelitebeghị ya kemgbe afọ 2011.

Gizmondo - Tiger Telematics - 2005

Ọ bụ igwe na-ere anyị nrọ tupu ịgbawa n'ikuku, dị ka ihe mberede dị egwu nke Ferrari Enzo na Malibu, bụ nke kpughere ọrụ mpụ na nnukwu aghụghọ nke ndị ọrụ Tiger Telematics. Ụlọ ọrụ Sweden a nwere, n'akwụkwọ, igwe nwere ike ibugharị mara mma. Ihuenyo mara mma, ọtụtụ bọtịnụ ime ihe na-egosi ọmarịcha egwuregwu, yana njiri mara mma dị ka GPS. Echiche mara mma nke ukwuu dọtara ndị investors, bụ ndị nyere ọtụtụ nde. Tiger Telematics nwere ike nweta ikikere dị mkpa maka ịga nke ọma igwe ọhụrụ dị ka FIFA ma ọ bụ SSX. Mana n'oge na-adịghị anya ka mmalite nke njikwa ahụ, na Ọktoba 2005, otu tabloid Swedish kpughere na ụlọ ọrụ ahụ nwere njikọ na mafia mpaghara. Mgbe ahụ, na February 2006, ihe mberede Ferrari a ma ama na Stefan Eriksson, otu n'ime ndị nduzi nke Gizmondo Europe, nọ n'ụgbọ. N'ụzọ dị mwute maka ya, nchọpụta nke ihe mberede ahụ gosiri na ihe niile na-ezighị ezi na Eriksson kwụsịrị n'ụlọ mkpọrọ tinyere ndị isi ndị ọzọ ebubo nke aghụghọ na ụtụ isi. Naanị egwuregwu 14 ka a tọhapụrụ, ihe karịrị ọkara n'ime ha ka ewepụtara naanị mgbe a tọhapụrụ ya.

Playdia - Bandai - 1994

Afọ 90 bụ oge magburu onwe ya maka mmepe nke consoles nke ụdị niile. Bandai, nke nwere ikikere anime na-atọ ụtọ dị ka Dragon Ball, kpebisiri ike ịbanye na egwuregwu ahụ. Ihe si na ya pụta bụ Playdia, igwe ntụrụndụ multimedia maka ndị na-eto eto kama ịbụ ezigbo njikwa egwuregwu. N'ezie, nke a bụ okwu kacha kwesị ekwesị, ebe ọ bụ na n'ime aha iri atọ a tọhapụrụ, ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ha niile bụ ihe nkiri mmekọrịta na-adabere na ikikere ndị a ma ama dị ka Dragon Ball, Sailor Moon or Kamen Rider. Ọ nweghị ihe na-atọ ụtọ, ma e wezụga na njikwa ahụ nwere njikwa ikuku infrared, na nke a, laa azụ na 1994.

Pippin - Apple Bandai - 1996

Ọ bụghị ihe nzuzo na mgbe a manyere Steve Jobs ịhapụ ụlọ ọrụ ọ rụpụtara na 1985, ihe niile gbadara. E kere usoro igwe dum. N'ime ha, Newton, mbadamba nkume mbụ nke na-arụ ọrụ naanị ọkara; ndị na-ebi akwụkwọ; ese foto; na n'etiti ya niile, ihe njikwa egwuregwu. Ezubere ya na mmekorita ya na Bandai, nke ikpeazụ bụ maka imewe ya n'onwe ya, ebe Apple nyere ihe mejupụtara ya na sistemụ arụmọrụ (Sistemụ 7 maka ndị maara). Maka Bandai, ọ bụ ohere iji nweta ihe ama ama Apple, ebe Apple bụ ohere ịmalite Macintosh $ 500 bụ isi. N'ụzọ dị mwute, ọ dịghị ihe na-aga dị ka atụmatụ. Ụbọchị mwepụta ahụ na Japan egbuola ọnwa isii na ọnụ ahịa amachibidoro ya maka ihe njikwa egwuregwu gbochiri ya ị nweta akara n'ahịa a nke Nintendo, Sony na SEGA na-achị. E wepụtara ihe na-erughị egwuregwu 80 na Japan nakwa ihe dị ka egwuregwu 18 na United States. N'ezie ọdịda, ọ bụ naanị 42.000 ka erere.

Super A'Can - Funtech - 1995

Ndịda Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ Eshia kacha mara amara maka ahịa ojii ya. Egwuregwu gọọmentị ma ọ bụ consoles dị oke ọnụ nke na ndị egwuregwu nọ n'ubi ndị a na-ahụta na ọ bara uru karịa ịzụta otu ma ọ bụ clone nke iwu na-akwadoghị kpamkpam. Ma Funtech, ụlọ ọrụ si Taiwan, chọrọ ịnwale ya na 90s. Nsonaazụ nke mgbalị a bụ Super A'Can, ihe njikwa 16-bit nwere atụmatụ yiri Super NES, mana nke na-ere na October. 1995, n'etiti agha 32-bit. O nweghị ohere na naanị egwuregwu iri na abụọ ka ewepụtara. Ihe mfu ruru $ 12 nde, na-akpata mmechi nke Funtech, bụ nke mebiri akụrụngwa ya niile n'oge mmepụta ma ree ihe ndị ọzọ dị ka ihe nchekwa na United States.

Loopy - Casio - 1995

Ihe njikwa egwuregwu ezubere maka ụmụ agbọghọ ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị/ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị? Casio mere ya na 1995. Ihe njikwa nke abụọ a sitere n'aka onye nrụpụta a kacha mara amara maka ndị na-agbakọ ya bụ nke ọma tupu oge ya na arụmọrụ. Loopy nwere ngwa nbipute ọkụ nke na-enye gị ohere ibipụta akwụkwọ mmado nke gị site na nseta ihuenyo nke otu egwuregwu iri ewepụtara. N'ụzọ doro anya, ọ bụ ịsọ mpi na ọtụtụ purikura juru na Japan na Casio mere njikwa ha. Mana n'ezie, n'etiti ịka nká mana ejiri 16-bit na ọganihu na-eto eto nke 32-bit, Loopy anọghị ogologo oge n'agbanyeghị ezigbo echiche adịgboroja. Ee, gịnị kpatara ụmụ nwanyị ga-eji dozie maka console na-adịchaghị mma, dịka a ga-asị na ọ nweghị ohere ịnweta ndị ọzọ?

Ọnụ ọgụgụ kasị elu - SEGA - 1993

Mgbe nnukwu onye nrụpụta lekwasịrị ụmụaka anya, ị ga-enweta SEGA PEAK. Ọ bụ n'ezie Jenesis nwere ụfọdụ atụmatụ ahaziri maka egwuregwu agụmakwụkwọ. Malite na Pen Ime Anwansi, nnukwu pensụl na-acha anụnụ anụnụ etinyere na isi nke njikwa edo edo na-egbuke egbuke. Cartridges, nke a na-akpọ "Storyware," e mere ka akwụkwọ akụkọ ụmụaka dị ka ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ. Edere akwụkwọ ahụ, nke nwere igbe mmekọrịta, n'ime akụkụ elu nke njikwa. Site na ịpị stylus, ị nwere ike ise ma ọ bụ mee ụfọdụ omume. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, igbe ndị ahụ gbanwere na ibe ọ bụla a tụgharịrị. Ọ bụ ezie na ihe ịga nke ọma ya bụ isi na Japan (erere ihe karịrị nde 3), ole na ole na-echeta na ọ gafere ụzọ ya.

Obodo FM Marty – Fujitsu – 1993

Ihe njikwa 32-bit mbụ na akụkọ ihe mere eme bụ n'ezie Japanese, mana ọ bụghị PlayStation, dị anya na ya. Anyị na-echekarị na 32-bit consoles mụrụ na ndị mere ka ha nwee ihe ịga nke ọma. Ọ dịghị otú a. Ihe njikwa mbụ nke ọgbọ a sitere n'aka onye ọsụ ụzọ kọmputa na Japan, Fujitsu. N'ịgbaso ọganiihu dị oke egwu na azụmaahịa nke FM7, ụlọ ọrụ Japan kpebiri imepụta kọmpụta ọhụrụ, FM Towns, iji soro PC-98 NEC soro. Ya mere, n'ịtụle nha nke ahịa njikwa, ndị nduzi kpebiri ịmepụta nsụgharị maka consoles ụlọ. Nsonaazụ bụ FM Towns Marty. Ejiri draịva CD-ROM maka egwuregwu yana floppy mbanye maka nkwado ndabere (anyị enweghị ike izobe mmalite ya), njikwa 32-bit a dabara na egwuregwu obodo FM niile. N'ụzọ dị mwute, dị ka ọ dị na kọmputa, ọ bụghị ihe ịga nke ọma n'agbanyeghị ụdị nke abụọ nwere agba isi awọ gbara ọchịchịrị. Ewepụtara na February 1993, naanị FM Towns Marty album ga-abụ nke mbụ na udi ya, n'agbanyeghị na nke a ka nwere arụmụka.

Ọwa F - Fairchild - 1976

Ọsụ ụzọ ma ọ bụrụ na ọ bụla, Fairchild Channel F bụ otu n'ime ndị mbụ, ma ọ bụrụ na ọ bụghị nke mbụ, iji katrij dabere na ROM. A makwaara dị ka Fairchild Video Entertainment System, a tọhapụrụ igwe a na 1976, tupu Atari 2600 n'ihe dị ka ọnwa iri. Jerry Lawson, otu n'ime ndị injinia, bụ onye na-ahụ maka imepụta katrij a na-eme mmemme, nke a ka na-eji ruo n'ókè ụfọdụ na Nintendo Switch taa. N'agbanyeghị ndị na-ahụ maka ihe dị ịtụnanya na ogologo oge, Canal F jisiri ike wepụta onwe ya ezigbo niche n'ahịa mmalite a. N'egwuregwu ndị na-aga nke ọma karịa Odyssey, dịka ọmụmaatụ, e mesiri ihe ịga nke ọma ya ike.

GX-4000 – Amstrad – 1990

Mgbe onye na-emepụta microcomputer ejiji na Europe chere na ụwa nke consoles kwesịrị ịdị ka nke ahụ, ihe mberede ụlọ ọrụ bụ Amstrad's GX-4000 na-eme. Alan Sugar, onye isi ụlọ ọrụ Britain, chọrọ ịbanye n'ime ụlọ ahụ. Kedu ụzọ ka mma isi mee ya karịa iji console egwuregwu? Na mgbakwunye, na nso nke kọmputa, ọ bụ iji tọghata otu n'ime ha na ọ bụ ya. Mmadụ na-eche na echiche ahụ bụ otu ihe ma ọ bụ karịa mgbe mmadụ hụrụ nsonaazụ ya. Ewepụtara na 1990, GX-4000 abụghị ihe ọzọ karịa Amstrad CPC Plus 4 na-enweghị keyboard. Egwuregwu Cartridge dakọtara mana ọ bụghị nke kacha mma. Ọtụtụ ndị na-ewu ewu na Europe, microcomputers ndị a emeela ka ụbọchị mara mma nke French na-egwu egwuregwu Loriciels ma ọ bụ Infogrames. Ma ọ bụghị GX-4000, nke a gbahapụrụ erughị otu afọ mgbe a tọhapụrụ ya.

PC-FX – NEC – 1994

Ihe omume Tetsujin a ma ama, iji merie 32 bits nke oge ahụ, nwekwara ọrụ dị arọ nke ịga nke ọma otu n'ime nkasi obi kachasị mma na akụkọ ihe mere eme, PC Engine (ma ọ bụ TurbografX-16 na mba anyị). Anyị amaghị ma nrụgide a nwetara amamihe nke ndị na-emepụta ihe ma ọ bụ ọ bụrụ na echiche ahụ kpafuru n'oge mmepụta, mana njikwa nke hụrụ ìhè nke ụbọchị na Disemba 1994 yiri PC wee buru aha PC-FX. N'ịchọ ka emeziwanye ya n'otu ụzọ ahụ dị ka kọmpụta, n'oge na-adịghị anya igwe ahụ na-agbaze ma e jiri ya tụnyere asọmpi ahụ. N'ezie, ọ dịghị mgbawa 3D n'ime, ya mere, ọ dịghị polygons na ihuenyo. Ntugharị a dara ada ga-abụ ihe kpatara PC-FX na egwuregwu 62 ya nke mejupụtara ihe nkiri mmekọrịta.

Zodiac - Tapwave - 2003

Onye ọzọ metụtara afụ ịntanetị nke mmalite 2000s, Zodiac nke Tapwave na-abịa na-abịa (nke ndị ọrụ nkwụ mbụ tọrọ ntọala), onye agbata obi Google na Mountain View. Ngwa ngwa ngwa ngwa a dị n'ụdị ọgbara ọhụrụ (na ụdị nke abụọ dị na foto a) ka ewepụtara na 2003 na, dịka a tụrụ anya ya, ọ webatara sistemụ arụmọrụ nkwụ. Enwere ike ibunye egwuregwu ahụ n'ụzọ abụọ: site na ijikọ igwe na kọmpụta na iṅomi ọdịnaya site na PC na console, ma ọ bụ site na ịnweta egwuregwu na kaadị SD. N'agbanyeghị ụfọdụ mmegharị na-atọ ụtọ dị ka Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 4 ma ọ bụ Doom II, ọ bụ PSP nke Sony ga-ekpuchi ya ruo n'ókè nke zobe ya kpamkpam.

N-Gage – Nokia – 2003

Ka anyị kwusi nlebanya a nke consoles amachaghị nke ọma site n'ịkpọtụ ekwentị Nokia, nkeji egwuregwu ọkara, N-Gage. Egwuregwu ekwentị adịla ogologo oge na onye nrụpụta Finnish ejirila ya mee ihe. Mgbe ọ pụtara na 2003, N-Gage pụrụ iche. N'agbanyeghị ọmarịcha atụmatụ ya, ngwaọrụ ahụ kwesịrị ijide ya n'akụkụ ya n'oge mkparịta ụka ekwentị. Mana nzuzu ergonomic akwụsịghị ebe ahụ. Iji tinye katrijị na ụdị nke mbụ, a ga-ewepụ batrị ahụ. Ọ dị ka nrọ. Ọ dabara nke ọma, edobere ntụpọ a na N-Gage QD otu afọ ka e mesịrị. Igwe a ahụla nnukwu mgbanwe nke akwụkwọ ikike ewu ewu n'oge dị ka Worms, Tomb Raider, Pandemonium ma ọ bụ bọọlụ enwe. Ọ dị mfe ịchọta taa, ọ kwesịrị imeju ndị na-anakọta ihe na-achọ curios.

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