Drones

Drones akhala akutchuka kwambiri, ngakhale kukwaniritsa malamulo awo ku Spain ndi mayiko angapo a ku Latin America. Malinga ndi mlangizi Gartner, zida 5 miliyoni zidzagulitsidwa pachaka mpaka 2025, zomwe zitha kubweretsa ndalama zokwana madola 15.200 biliyoni pachaka. Komabe, anthu ochepa amadziwa mbiri ya drones, maonekedwe awo, chifukwa cha kukula kwawo ndi zina zofanana.

Kugwiritsa ntchito drone kumatha kusiyana pakati pa zosangalatsa, zomwe zimadziwika kuti ndege zachitsanzo, ndi akatswiri, palinso maphunziro oyendetsa ndege. Podziwa kukula kwa chida, ITARC inakonza nkhaniyi ndi chidwi chokhudza mbiri ya drones ndi maonekedwe awo, mpaka pano. Yang'anani.

zabwino zamtundu wa drone

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Komwe mungagule ma drones a DJI

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Mbiri ya drones

Titha kulingalira dziko lapansi intaneti isanachitike, mayendedwe akulu, momwe ma chart ndi mamapu zidatumizidwa. Tikudziwa kuti kudalirana kwa mayiko kutangoyamba, mtunda unafupikitsidwa ndipo kusintha kunayamba.

Monga momwe kutchuka kwa ma drones kudzasinthira dziko lapansi monga tikudziwira. Poyamba onse anali ndi ntchito zankhondo, ndipo m'kupita kwa nthawi adakhala otsika mtengo ndikupeza otsatira ambiri.

Sikuti iwo akhala otchuka ndipo ali mbali ya moyo wa tsiku ndi tsiku kwa anthu padziko lonse lapansi, koma ayambitsa kusintha. Ma UAV (magalimoto osayendetsedwa ndi ndege) kapena ma UAV (magalimoto osayendetsedwa ndi ndege) adagwiritsidwa ntchito poyang'ana pansi, kulola kuwona kwa mlengalenga. Iwo atumikira kale ngati chithandiziro, ndi njira yowukira ndi ukazitape; ngakhale kutumiza mameseji.

Iwo adawonekera cha m'ma 60, koma m'zaka za m'ma 80 adayamba kukopa chidwi pazomwe amagwiritsa ntchito pankhondo.

Ubwino waukulu wogwiritsidwa ntchito m'zaka za m'ma 80 unali mwayi wochita zinthu, nthawi zambiri zowopsa, popanda kuika moyo pachiswe.

Chifukwa aliyense amene amayang'anira adzakhala kutali ndi drone, ndipo choyipa kwambiri chomwe chingachitike chinali kuwomberedwa mumlengalenga.

Zomwe anthu ochepa amadziwa za mbiri ya drones ndikuti adauziridwa ndi BOMB.

Bomba lodziŵika kwambiri lotchedwa buzzer, lotchedwa phokoso limene limapanga pouluka, linapangidwa ndi Germany m’Nkhondo Yadziko II.

Ngakhale kuti zinali zosavuta, zomwe zinapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kuziwombera moto ndi zodutsa, popeza zimangowuluka molunjika komanso pa liwiro lokhazikika, zinapindula kwambiri.

Ngakhale kuti palibe chiwerengero chenicheni cha anthu omwe anavulala ndi kuphedwa ndi mabomba, tinganene kuti ndi chiwerengero chachikulu, popeza mabomba oposa 1.000 a V-1 adagwetsedwa.

V-1, yomwe imadziwika kuti bomba la boom, silinali bomba lokhalo lomwe linapangidwa. Patapita zaka zingapo, pa nthawi ya nkhondo yachiwiri ya padziko lonse, V-2 analengedwa.

Koma kusintha kwakukulu kunadza pamene bomba la makhalidwe awa linawonekera koyamba: V-1, yomwe inalimbikitsa mbiri ya drones ndi chisinthiko chawo chonse kuyambira pamenepo.

Kuwonekera kwa drone

Mbiri ya drones inayamba ndi kudzoza kwa mabomba owuluka a ku Germany a mtundu wa V-1, omwe amadziwika kuti mabomba a buzz. Inalandira dzinali chifukwa cha phokoso lomwe limapanga pouluka, lomwe linapangidwa ndi Germany panthawi ya nkhondo yachiwiri ya padziko lonse.

Ngakhale kuti anali ochepa komanso amaonedwa ngati chandamale chosavuta, chinapindula kwambiri ndi liwiro lake losalekeza ndikuwuluka molunjika, kufika pa mabomba oposa 1.000 a V-1 omwe anagwetsedwa. Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, mu Nkhondo Yadziko II, woloŵa m’malo mwake, bomba la V-2, anapangidwa.

Ndani anayambitsa drone?

Chitsanzo chomwe chawonetsa mbiri ya drones, yomwe tikudziwa lero, idapangidwa ndi injiniya waku Israeli Abraham (Abe) Karem. Malinga ndi iye, mu 1977, atafika ku United States, zinatengera anthu 30 kuti ayang'anire ndege ya drone. Poyang'anizana ndi izi, adayambitsa kampani ya Leading System ndipo, pokhala ndi zipangizo zochepa zaumisiri, monga magalasi opangidwa kunyumba ndi matabwa, anabala Albatross.

Ndi kusintha komwe kunachitika ndi chitsanzo chatsopano -maola 56 mumlengalenga popanda kubwezeretsanso mabatire ndi anthu atatu omwe akugwira ntchito-, injiniyayo adalandira ndalama kuchokera ku DARPA kuti apititse patsogolo pulojekitiyi ndipo, ndi izi, chitsanzo chatsopano chotchedwa Amber chinali. wobadwa.

Ndegezi zidapangidwa ndikupangidwira ntchito zankhondo zomwe zimapereka chiopsezo ku miyoyo ya anthu, monga kupulumutsa moto ndi chitetezo chosakhala chankhondo. Izi zili ndi cholinga chololeza kuyang'anira kapena kuwukira dera.

Kuphatikiza pa izi, UAV ina yolembetsedwa ndi Gralha Azul, yopangidwa ndi Embravant. Ili ndi mapiko opitilira 4 metres ndipo imatha kuwuluka mpaka maola atatu.

Drone monga tikudziwira lero idapangidwa ndi Israeli Abe Karem, injiniya wamlengalenga yemwe amayendetsa drone yowopsa komanso yopambana ku America.

Malinga ndi zimene Karem ananena, atafika ku United States m’chaka cha 1977, panafunika anthu 30 kuti azitha kuyendetsa ndege yoyendetsa ndege. Mtundu uwu, Akula, unauluka pafupifupi mphindi zingapo ngakhale kuti unali ndi maulendo angapo a maola 20.

Powona izi, Karem adayambitsa kampani, Leading System, ndipo ali ndi luso laling'ono: zidutswa zamatabwa, magalasi opangira nyumba ndi munthu wakufa monga omwe ankagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mpikisano wa kart panthawiyo, adalenga Albatross.

Albatross adatha kukhala mlengalenga kwa maola 56 popanda kubwezeretsanso mabatire ake, ndipo ankangogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu a 3 - poyerekeza ndi anthu a 30 pa Aquilla. Kutsatira chiwonetsero chokongolachi, Karem adalandira ndalama kuchokera ku DARPA kuti apititse patsogolo chithunzichi, ndipo Amber adabadwa.

Kugwiritsa ntchito ma drones

Monga intaneti, mbiri ya drones yakhala ikupita patsogolo ndipo yabweretsa zabwino zambiri pamsika wa drone ndi ogula. Masiku ano, ma drones ali ndi kusinthasintha kwakukulu pakugwiritsa ntchito kwawo. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwake kumaphatikizapo kutsata ndi kuyang'anira, kujambula ndi kujambula, kugwiritsa ntchito asilikali, ndi kupulumutsa, pakati pa ntchito zina zambiri.

Monga momwe zimayembekezeredwa, monga momwe mbiri ya drones yapangidwira, yakulitsidwa ndipo lero ikugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo osiyanasiyana.

Zitsanzo zoyamba zinkagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zithunzi ndi mavidiyo okha, koma akukhala osagwirizana, odzilamulira komanso amphamvu.

Amazon yalandila kale chilolezo ku United States kuti ipereke zotumiza ma drone.

Facebook yalengeza pulojekiti yake yobweretsa intaneti m'nyumba kudzera pa drones.

Ndipo nthawi zonse pamene zogwiritsidwa ntchito zatsopano zikuwonekera, zodziwika kwambiri, pakadali pano, ndi:

Pa ngozi ya Fukushima ku Japan, T-Hawk (mtundu wa drone) idagwiritsidwa ntchito kupeza zithunzi za ma reactors owonongeka. Kupeza zithunzi ndi kujambula popanda chiopsezo, chifukwa ma radiation, kwa aliyense. Ndipo nthawi zambiri, ma drones akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito pazithunzi zaukwati, kuwonetsa zochitika zamasewera komanso ngati zionetsero za ku Sao Paulo.

Kuwongolera ndi kuyang'anira: Akuluakulu a boma m'mayiko angapo padziko lonse lapansi akugwiritsa ntchito kale ma drones kulamulira ndi kusunga chitetezo m'mizinda ikuluikulu, makamaka pamene masewera akuluakulu akuchitika.

Wotchi ya mphepo yamkuntho: Asayansi ku Florida apanga ndege yaing'ono yopanda drone yomwe ingayambitse njira yopita ku mphepo yamkuntho.

Zithunzi zapansi pamadzi: Mtundu wodabwitsa wa drone ndi OpenRov, yomwe imalola zithunzi zenizeni zapanyanja kuti zipangidwe. Kutha kufikira mfundo zomwe munthu anali asanazifikebe, ndikulemba zamoyo zatsopano ndikuwulula zinsinsi.

Kugwiritsa ntchito usilikali: Si zachilendo kuona m'nkhani, kapena m'mafilimu, kukhalapo kwa ma drones omwe amasonyeza zochita zawo, kupanga zithunzi za nkhondo, kuona mayendedwe a adani, kapena ngakhale kutenga nawo mbali pakuwombera mabomba.

Thandizani anthu osowa: Pokhala ndi mwayi wofikira malo ankhanza, ma drones akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito pazochitika zosiyanasiyana zadzidzidzi.Monga chakudya komanso ngakhale kuperekera mankhwala, kumalo akutali komanso ovuta kufikako. kutha kupulumutsa anthu angapo.

Kupulumutsidwa: Chaka chino (2015) maonekedwe a Gimball, drone yopambana ya mpikisano wa Drones for Good ("Drones for good", mu kumasulira kwachindunji), inanenedwa. Zonse zimaphimbidwa ndi "khola", zomwe zimalola kupeŵa zopinga pa nthawi ya ndegeKulimbikitsidwa ndi tizilombo, kumakhala ndi kutentha kwa kutentha, GPS, makamera ndi kukana kwakukulu, zomwe zimalola kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito populumutsa.

Ndi kutchuka kwake, monga momwe zilili ndi intaneti, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake kumakhala kosalekeza ndipo kumapangitsa kusiyana kwakukulu m'miyoyo ya anthu.

Kodi drone ndi chiyani?

Ndi galimoto ya m'mlengalenga yopanda munthu (UAV) yomwe ili ndi kayendetsedwe ka ndege ndipo imatha kulandira maoda pogwiritsa ntchito ma frequency a wailesi, ma infrared komanso ma mission omwe amatanthauzidwa kale ndi GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) coordinates. Maonekedwe ake amafanana ndi ma helikoputala ang'onoang'ono, okhala ndi mitundu ina yomwe ili ngati ma jets, ma quadcopter (ma propeller anayi) ndi mitundu yokhala ndi ma propeller asanu ndi atatu kapena omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mafuta pakuwuluka kwawo.

Drone mu Chingerezi amatanthawuza "drone" ndipo, chifukwa cha phokoso lake pouluka, adadziwika kuti amatcha ndegeyo.

Anthu nthawi zambiri amamva mawuwa kwa nthawi yoyamba ndikudabwa: drone ndi chiyani?

Drone ndi galimoto yapamlengalenga, koma mosiyana ndi ndege ndi ma helikoputala, zimakhala zopanda anthu. Amayendetsedwa patali ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi makamera apamwamba kwambiri.

Iwo ankagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa nthawi ngati chidole, kusinthika kwa ndege zachitsanzo. Masiku ano pali msika waukulu komanso womwe ukukulirakulira wa akatswiri oyendetsa ndege.

N'zotheka kuti mpaka 2010 panalibe kufufuza kulikonse pa injini yosaka za drones, ndipo kuyambira pamenepo kukula kwake kwakhala kodabwitsa.

Izi zimatipatsa lingaliro la momwe kutchuka kwa ma drones, ngakhale kwawonetsa kukula kwakukulu, kumakhalabe ndi malo ambiri.

Chisinthiko chaukadaulo chimalola lero aliyense amene akufuna kukhala woyendetsa ndege kuti aziwongolera drone yawo mwachindunji kuchokera pa foni yam'manja kapena piritsi.

Mitundu ina imatha kuwongoleredwa kudzera pa accelerometer ya smartphone. Zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zochitikazo zikhale zozama kwambiri.

Zikuchitika tsopano, panthawi yomweyi. Ndipo ma drones ochulukirachulukira apeza malo ndikusintha miyoyo yathu. Monga momwe ofufuza ambiri amanenera: mbiri yakale siimakhazikika. Imamangidwa tsiku lililonse, ndipo ndi ma drones sizosiyana.

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