kuvala

Chida chilichonse chaukadaulo chomwe chingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati chowonjezera kapena chomwe titha kuvala ndichovala. Kupatula apo, uku ndiko kumasulira kwa mawu achingerezi. Zina mwazo, zodziwika kwambiri masiku ano ndi ma smartwatches ndi ma smartbands, zida zomwe mawonekedwe ake akuluakulu ndikuwunika zaumoyo.

Zomwe zimavala komanso ukadaulo wovala

Choncho, tikhoza kunena kale kuti amathandiza ndipo amakonda kukhala ogwirizana kwambiri ndi thanzi labwino komanso masewera olimbitsa thupi. Komabe, palinso ntchito zina pazida zovala izi zomwe zikupitilira kusinthika ndipo chifukwa chake tikambirana mwatsatanetsatane.

Zovala ndi chiyani ndipo zimagwira ntchito bwanji?

Zovala sizongokhudza thanzi. Ngakhale mawotchi anzeru atsopano ambiri amayang'ana pamutuwu, monga Samsung Galaxy Watch Active 2 smartwatch yokhala ndi electrocardiogram (ECG), pali zinanso pazidazi.

Pakadali pano, ma smartband aku China Xiaomi akonzekera kale kulipira moyandikana chifukwa chaukadaulo wa NFC (Near Field Communication); Apple Watch ilinso ndi Apple Pay ndi ma smartwatches ena omwe amagwirizana ndi Google Pay amachita ntchito yolipira moyandikira.

Kuphatikiza apo, zovala zimatha kukhala ogwirizana pankhani yowongolera zidziwitso, mafoni am'manja, ndalama zama calorie, kuchuluka kwa okosijeni wamagazi, kuneneratu kwanyengo, GPS, zikumbutso ndi kuchuluka kwa okosijeni wamagazi, pakati pa ena .

Mwa kuyankhula kwina, zovala zimakhala zambiri komanso zosokoneza, chifukwa zikusintha momwe anthu amachitira masewera, kulipira, kuyanjana ndi malo a digito, ngakhale kugona.

Chifukwa cha ma axes ake a sensor, ndizotheka kuyeza zochitika zingapo za ogwiritsa ntchito: kuyang'anira kugona ndi kugunda kwa mtima, kuwerengera masitepe, chenjezo la moyo wongokhala ndi zinthu zina zosatha. Pachifukwa ichi, accelerometer ndi sensor yofunikira yomwe imathandizira kwambiri kusanthula uku, chifukwa amayesa kuchuluka kwa oscillation. Ndiye kuti, amapangidwa kuti azindikire mayendedwe ndi zokonda. Motero amamvetsetsa tikatenga sitepe kapena tikakhala bata.

Mfundo yomweyi imagwiranso ntchito pakuwunika kugona, ngakhale pali masensa ena omwe akukhudzidwa ndi ntchitoyi. Kugunda kwa mtima kumakhudzanso kusanthula uku, popeza masensa a chipangizocho amawona kuchepa kwa kagayidwe kachakudya cha wogwiritsa ntchito ndipo, chifukwa chake, kumvetsetsa kugwa kwa tulo.

Mwachidule, zobvala zimapereka ntchito zosiyanasiyana, kuyambira kuyang'anira thanzi mpaka kagwiritsidwe ka mafashoni, monga momwe tidzaonera pamutu wotsatira.

Kodi smartwatch ndi chiyani?

Mawotchi anzeru siachilendo kwenikweni. Ngakhale m'ma 80, "mawotchi owerengera" anali kugulitsidwa, mwachitsanzo. Wotopetsa pang'ono, sichoncho? Koma chosangalatsa n’chakuti iwo akupitirizabe kuchita zinthu mogwirizana ndi luso lazopangapanga.

Pakadali pano, amadziwikanso ngati mawotchi anzeru kapena mawotchi am'manja, ndipo makamaka amaphatikiza mawotchi ndi ma smartphone. Izi zikutanthauza kuti sizinthu zokhazokha zomwe zimalemba nthawi, komanso zimathandiza kuti moyo wanu wa tsiku ndi tsiku ukhale wosavuta.

Mwachitsanzo, ndi smartwatch yophatikizidwa mu foni yamakono, mutha kusiya foni m'thumba kapena chikwama chanu ndikulandila zidziwitso kuchokera pamasamba ochezera, kuwerenga ma SMS kapena kuyankha mafoni, kutengera mtundu wa smartwatch.

Mwa kuyankhula kwina, pafupifupi mawotchi onse anzeru amatengera zambiri zomwe zimalandiridwa kuchokera ku foni yamakono, nthawi zambiri kudzera pa Bluetooth. Kufanana kwina pakati pa smartwatch ndi foni yam'manja ndi batire, yomwe imayeneranso kulipitsidwa.

Momwemonso, atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kukuthandizani kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi, popeza pali mitundu ya smartwatch yokhala ndi chowunikira pamtima, kotero mutha kuyang'anira kugunda kwa mtima wanu.

Kuphatikiza apo, mawotchi anzeru amatha kukhala ndi mphamvu zamawu kuti atsegule maimelo, kutumiza mauthenga, kapena kufunsa smartwatch kuti ikuwonetseni adilesi kapena kukutsogolerani kwinakwake.

M'malo mwake, palinso mawotchi anzeru okhala ndi kamera komanso omwe amayendetsa makina ogwiritsira ntchito monga Android Wear kapena Tizen, omwe amapezeka m'mawotchi a Samsung, omwe amakulolani kugwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu pa smartwatch.

Ntchito ina yosangalatsa ndikulipira ma invoice kudzera pa intaneti ya NFC ya smartwatch. Ndi ntchito yomwe sinafalikirebe mumitundu, koma ilipo mu smartwatch ya Apple, Apple Watch. Koma kumbukirani kuti imagwira ntchito ndi iPhone 5 kapena mtundu watsopano wa chipangizocho, monga iPhone 6.

Ponena za kapangidwe ka mawotchi anzeru, amatha kukhala mosiyanasiyana: masikweya, ozungulira, kapena ngati chibangili, monga Samsung Gear Fit. Ndipo palinso mitundu ya smartwatch yokhala ndi touchscreen.

Kubweza kwa mawotchi anzeru, mosakayikira, ndi mtengo. Koma monga ukadaulo uliwonse, zomwe zimachitika ndikuti zitchuka ndipo mitundu imatha kupanga mitundu yotsika mtengo.

Pakalipano, zitsanzo zomwe zilipo zimatha kukhala zodula, koma zimabwera kale ndi zinthu zambiri kuti zikuthandizeni tsiku ndi tsiku.

Chikoka cha zobvala pamafashoni

Pokhala zida zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zowonjezera, zakhudza mwachindunji mafashoni. Izi zitha kuwoneka ndi kukhalapo kwa mawotchi anzeru omwe amapangidwira masewera, monga Apple Watch Nike + Series 4, yomwe imabwera ndi chibangili chosiyana.

Pakadali pano, Samsung yaganiza za mafashoni mwanjira ina. Ndi mawonekedwe a Galaxy Watch Active 2's My Style, ogwiritsa ntchito amatha kujambula chithunzi cha zovala zawo ndikulandila pepala lazithunzi lomwe limafanana ndi mitundu ndi zokongoletsa zina pazovala zawo. Kuonjezera apo, pali kale malaya anzeru ochokera ku Ralph Lauren omwe amatha kuyeza kugunda kwa mtima ndi kuvala ndi magetsi a 150 LED omwe amasintha mtundu malinga ndi zomwe zimachitika pa malo ochezera a pa Intaneti.

Mwachidule, zomwe zikuchitika ndikuti makampani opanga mafashoni asunthire pafupi ndi malingaliro ovala zovala, kaya pazaumoyo kapena kulumikizana kwa digito.

Kodi zida za IoT (Intaneti Yazinthu) ndizovala?

Yankho ili ndilotsutsana, chifukwa likhoza kukhala inde ndi ayi. Ndipo ndizo: zovala zatuluka ngati chizindikiro cha kusintha kwa digito ndikupanga zida za IoT, koma si onse omwe ali ndi intaneti. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndizovuta kunena zimenezo.

Ma Smartbands ndi zovala zomwe zimadalira mafoni a m'manja, popeza zonse zomwe amasonkhanitsa zimangopezeka kudzera pa mafoni a m'manja, kutumiza kudzera pa Bluetooth. Chifukwa chake, samalumikizana ndi intaneti. Pakadali pano, ma smartwatches ali ndi ufulu wodziyimira pawokha, kutha kukhala ndi kulumikizana opanda zingwe.

Chofunikira ndikukumbukira kuti kupezeka kwa intaneti ndizomwe zimakonza zida monga IoT.

Zovala pakusintha kwa digito

Monga ndanenera pamwambapa, ma smartwatches ndi ma smartband ndi omwe amadziwika kwambiri, koma sizitanthauza kuti ndi okhawo. Google Glass ndi HoloLens za Microsoft zimabwera ndi malingaliro owonjezera pazolinga zamabizinesi, kusintha kwa digito. Choncho, tingaganize kuti zidzatenga nthawi kuti mtundu uwu wa zovala ukhale mbali ya moyo wa tsiku ndi tsiku.

Kukangana kwa zobvala

Tawona kale kuti zida zovala zimasonkhanitsa deta, sichoncho? Izi sizoyipa, chifukwa nthawi zambiri timagula zida izi ndi chidziwitso ichi. Kuphatikiza apo, kusonkhanitsa detaku kumabwera kudzatithandiza pazochitika, monga tawonera kale. Komabe, sizidziwika nthawi zonse kwa ogula zomwe zidzasonkhanitsidwe komanso momwe zingasonkhanitsire.

Ichi ndichifukwa chake pali malamulo kale m'mayiko ambiri padziko lonse lapansi, omwe amafunidwa kuteteza ogwiritsa ntchito kuti asagwiritse ntchito molakwika deta yawo, kutsimikizira kulamulira kwakukulu pazinsinsi. Chifukwa chake, tcherani khutu pamagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi zinsinsi zamapulogalamu ovala ndikuyesera kumvetsetsa momwe kusonkhanitsa kwawo kumagwirira ntchito.

Pomaliza

Kufunika kwa zobvala pa moyo watsiku ndi tsiku ndi zochitika zamasewera ndizosatsutsika. Kupatula apo, chidziwitso chofunikira chimatha kupezeka mwachangu ndikugwiritsa ntchito smartwatch kapena smartband, mwachitsanzo. Kuonjezera apo, chisamaliro chaumoyo ndi chimodzi mwa zolinga zazikulu za chipangizo chamtunduwu.

Mwa kuyankhula kwina, zimakhala zofunikira komanso zomwe zingatheke popanga mapulogalamu operekedwa ku teknoloji yovala.

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