Mitundu

Tiye tikambirane za ma network.

Zomwe anthu ambiri amadziwa za netiweki yakunyumba ndikuti mumafunikira imodzi, ndipo mukufuna kuti igwire ntchito. Ku Gleeson's Home Entertainment and Automation, timayesetsa nthawi zonse kuphunzitsa makasitomala athu, ndipo mwezi watha tidakambirana za kufunika kwa intaneti. Mwezi uno, tiwona njira zina zodziwika bwino zapaintaneti zapanyumba ndikukambirana za phindu lililonse. Pamapeto pake, simudzangodziwa zambiri zamanetiweki, koma mudzakhala okonzeka kusankha yomwe ili yoyenera kwanu.

Maukonde akunyumba ndi akatswiri

Tifotokoza mwachidule za maukonde osiyanasiyana, ndi chiyani komanso momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito.

ndi mawaya

Ponena za maukonde apanyumba, pali mitundu iwiri ikuluikulu: Wawaya ndi opanda zingwe. Izi zikutanthauza momwe zida zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito intaneti zimalumikizirana ndi LAN yanu. Pankhani ya netiweki yamawaya, nthawi zambiri imabwera kunyumba kwanu kuchokera ku chingwe cha chingwe kenako ndikulumikizana ndi modemu ndi / kapena rauta. Kuchokera pamenepo, zida mnyumbamo zimalumikizidwa kudzera pa Ethernet cabling kupita ku modemu kudzera pa switch ya Ethernet.

Kulumikizana kotereku kumakhala kofala pakumanga kwatsopano, komwe kumakhala kosavuta kuyendetsa chingwe m'nyumba yonse. Ubwino wa intaneti yanyumba yamawaya ndi yodziwikiratu: maukonde a mawaya nthawi zonse amakhala othamanga komanso odalirika kuposa ma network opanda zingwe. Maukonde a mawaya ali ndi bandwidth yochulukirapo ndipo samakhudzidwa ndi kuchuluka ndi kusokoneza ngati opanda zingwe. Cholepheretsa chenichenicho ndi mtundu / liwiro la rauta yanu komanso kuthamanga kwa intaneti komwe mukulipira.

Zoonadi, maukonde a mawaya alinso ndi malire, chifukwa chake ma network opanda zingwe (Wi-Fi) ndi otchuka kwambiri.

Opanda zingwe

Ndi netiweki yopanda zingwe, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito intaneti popanda kulumikizidwa ndi chingwe. Chitsanzo chabwino cha izi ndikugwiritsa ntchito piritsi kapena foni yam'manja mukuyenda mozungulira nyumba yanu. Ndipo ngakhale hardwiring ndi yabwino pazida zosasunthika monga choyikapo zida zanu kapena TV, nyumba ikamangidwa, pakhoza kukhala madera omwe sizingatheke kuyendetsa mawaya atsopano. Apa ndipamene ukadaulo wopanda zingwe umawala: kuthekera kokulitsa kuchuluka kwa intaneti mnyumba yonse ndi kunja ndi mawaya atsopano ochepa komanso opanda zida zolumikizidwa.

Mavuto akuluakulu ndi maukonde opanda zingwe ndi liwiro ndi kudalirika. Ma siginecha a Wi-Fi amatha kusokonezedwa ndi zida zina zamagetsi - ngakhale furiji yanu - ndipo ngati mumakhala pafupi ndi anansi anu, netiweki yanu ya Wi-Fi imatha kulumikizana ndi yawo ndikuchepetsa zochita za aliyense. Kutengera ndi kukula kwa nyumba yanu, mungafunike malo angapo olowera kuti muwonetsetse kuti nyumba yanu ili yonse. Lamulo lachala chachikulu ndikukhala ndi malo amodzi opanda zingwe pamamita 1.500 aliwonse, komanso muyenera kukumbukira kuphatikiza kuseri kwa nyumba ngati mukufuna kupita panja. Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti malo ambiri opanda zingwe (WAPS) amafunikira mphamvu ndipo angafunike kulumikizidwa kwa ethernet ku rauta yayikulu, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti kulumikiza opanda zingwe sikuli opanda zingwe.

Langizo la Bonasi: Ngati mudawonapo manambala ndi zilembo zachilendo ngati 802.11ac, ziyenera kugwirizana ndi mulingo wopanda zingwe womwe rauta yanu imagwiritsa ntchito. 802.11ac imathamanga kuposa 802.11n yakale, choncho kumbukiraninso izi.

Poyamba, kugwiritsa ntchito intaneti kunyumba kumatha kuwoneka kovuta kwambiri, koma sikovuta kwenikweni mukamvetsetsa lingaliro lapamwamba. Komanso, si inu nokha amene muyenera kuthetsa intaneti yanu.

LAN, WLAN, MAN, WAN, PAN: dziwani mitundu yayikulu yamanetiweki

Pankhani yaukadaulo wazidziwitso, maukonde amapangidwa ndi ma processor angapo omwe amalumikizana ndikugawana zinthu wina ndi mnzake. M'mbuyomu, maukondewa analipo makamaka m'maofesi (malo ochezera am'deralo), koma pakapita nthawi kufunika kosinthana zidziwitso pakati pa ma module opangirawa kwawonjezeka, zomwe zapangitsa kuti mitundu ina ya maukonde. Mvetserani zomwe mitundu ina yayikulu yamakompyuta imatanthawuza.

LAN - Local Area Network

Ma network amderali amalumikiza makompyuta m'malo amodzi. Izi zitha kuchitika mkati mwa kampani, sukulu kapena kwanu komwe, kulola kugawana zidziwitso ndi zothandizira pakati pa zida zomwe zikugwira nawo ntchito.

MAN - Metropolitan Network

Mwachitsanzo, tiyerekeze kuti kampani ili ndi maofesi awiri mumzinda umodzi ndipo ikufuna kuti makompyutawo azikhala olumikizana. Pachifukwa ichi pali Metropolitan Area Network, kapena Metropolitan Network, yomwe imalumikiza ma Local Area Networks mkati mwa utali wa makilomita ochepa.

WAN - Wide Area Network

Wide Area Network imapita patsogolo pang'ono kuposa MAN ndipo imatha kuphimba dera lalikulu, monga dziko kapena kontinenti.

WLAN - Wireless Local Area Network

Kwa iwo omwe akufuna kuchita popanda zingwe, WLAN, kapena netiweki yam'deralo yopanda zingwe, ikhoza kukhala njira. Maukonde amtunduwu amalumikizana ndi intaneti ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'malo okhala ndi mabizinesi, komanso m'malo opezeka anthu ambiri.

WMAN - Wireless Metropolitan Network

Ndi mtundu wopanda zingwe wa MAN, wokhala ndi ma kilomita angapo, ndipo umalola kulumikizana kwamaofesi amakampani omwewo kapena mayunivesite.

WWAN - Wireless Wide Area Network

Ndi kufalikira kwakukulu, WWAN, kapena netiweki yopanda zingwe, imafika kumadera osiyanasiyana padziko lapansi. Chifukwa chake, WWAN imakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi phokoso.

SAN - Storage Area Network

Ma SANs, kapena Storage Area Networks, amagwiritsidwa ntchito polumikizana pakati pa seva ndi makompyuta ena, ndipo amangokhala pamenepo.

PAN - Personal Area Network

Maukonde amtundu wa PAN, kapena ma netiweki amdera lanu, amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazida zolumikizirana mtunda wocheperako. Chitsanzo cha izi ndi maukonde a Bluetooth ndi UWB.

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