mapiritsi

Khulupirirani kapena ayi, mapiritsi sanabwere pamsika monga zida zonyezimira, zowonda komanso zowoneka bwino zomwe zilili masiku ano. Iwo sanatuluke mu buluu mu 2010 monga iPad.

Pali mbiri yakale kumbuyo kwawo yomwe imabwerera mmbuyo pafupifupi zaka makumi asanu. Tsatirani mwatsatanetsatane mbiri ya makompyuta ang'onoang'onowa komanso kupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo komwe kudawapanga kukhala momwe alili masiku ano.

Mbiri ya mapiritsi

Mu 1972, Alan Kay, katswiri wa sayansi ya makompyuta wa ku America, anatulukira mfundo ya tabuleti (yotchedwa Dynabook), imene anaifotokoza mwatsatanetsatane m’mabuku amene anafalitsidwa pambuyo pake. Kay ankawona chipangizo cha kompyuta cha ana chomwe chingagwire ntchito ngati PC.

Dynabook inali ndi cholembera chopepuka ndipo inali ndi thupi laling'ono lokhala ndi ma pixels osachepera miliyoni imodzi. Akatswiri osiyanasiyana apakompyuta adapereka zida za Hardware zomwe zingagwire ntchito kuti lingalirolo likhale lopambana. Komabe, nthawi inali isanakwane, popeza ma laputopu anali asanapangidwe nkomwe.

1989: Nthawi ya Njerwa

Kompyuta ya piritsi yoyamba idatulutsidwa pamsika mu 1989 pansi pa dzina la GRidPad, dzina lopangidwa kuchokera ku Grid System. Komabe, izi zisanachitike, panali mapiritsi azithunzi omwe amalumikizana ndi malo ogwirira ntchito apakompyuta. Mapiritsi ojambulidwawa amalola kuti azitha kugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana, monga makanema ojambula pamanja, kujambula ndi zithunzi. Iwo ankagwira ntchito ngati mbewa panopa.

GRidPad inalibe paliponse pafupi ndi zomwe Dynabook idafotokoza. Zinali zazikulu, zolemera pafupifupi mapaundi atatu, ndipo zowonetsera zinali kutali kwambiri ndi benchmark ya pixel miliyoni ya Kay. Zipangizo sizinawonetsedwe mu grayscale.

1991: kuwuka kwa PDA

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 90, othandizira pa digito (PDAs) adafika pamsika ndi phokoso. Mosiyana ndi GRidPad, zida zamakompyuta izi zinali ndi liwiro lokwanira lokonzekera, zithunzi zowoneka bwino, ndipo zimatha kukhala ndi ntchito zambiri. Makampani monga Nokia, Handspring, Apple, ndi Palm adachita chidwi ndi PDAs, kuwatcha ukadaulo wamakompyuta wolembera.

Mosiyana ndi ma GRidPads omwe amayendetsa MS-DOS, zida zamakompyuta zolembera zidagwiritsa ntchito IBM's PenPoint OS ndi machitidwe ena opangira monga Apple Newton Messenger.

1994: Tabuleti yowona yoyamba idatulutsidwa

Chakumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 90 lingaliro latsopano la chithunzi cha Kay la piritsi lidatha. Mu 1994, Fujitsu adatulutsa piritsi la Stylistic 500 lomwe limayendetsedwa ndi purosesa ya Intel. Tabuleti iyi idabwera ndi Windows 95, yomwe idawonekeranso mu mtundu wake wowongoleredwa, Stylistic 1000.

Komabe, mu 2002, zonse zinasintha pamene Microsoft, motsogozedwa ndi Bill Gates, anayambitsa Windows XP Tabuleti. Chipangizochi chinayendetsedwa ndi ukadaulo wa Comdex ndipo chimayenera kukhala vumbulutso lamtsogolo. Tsoka ilo, Windows XP Tabuleti idalephera kukwaniritsa zomwe zidachitika chifukwa Microsoft sinathe kuphatikizira makina opangira ma Windows opangidwa ndi kiyibodi mu chipangizo chothandizira 100%.

2010: Mgwirizano Weniweni

Sizinafike mpaka 2010 pomwe kampani ya Steve Job, Apple, idayambitsa iPad, piritsi lomwe limapereka chilichonse chomwe ogwiritsa ntchito amafuna kuwona mu Kay's Dynabook. Chipangizo chatsopanochi chimagwira ntchito pa iOS, makina ogwiritsira ntchito omwe amalola kuti zinthu zisinthe mosavuta, mawonekedwe okhudza kukhudza komanso kugwiritsa ntchito manja.

Makampani ena ambiri adatsata mapazi a Apple, kutulutsanso mapangidwe a iPad, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti msika uchuluke. Pambuyo pake, Microsoft idakonzanso zolakwa zake zakale ndikupanga Windows Tablet yosavuta kukhudza, yosinthika yomwe imagwira ntchito ngati laputopu yopepuka.

mapiritsi lero

Kuyambira 2010, sipanakhalepo zopambana zambiri muukadaulo wa piritsi. Pofika koyambirira kwa 2021, Apple, Microsoft ndi Google pakadali pano ndi omwe adasewera nawo gawoli.

Masiku ano, mupeza zida zapamwamba monga Nexus, Galaxy Tab, iPad Air, ndi Amazon Fire. Zipangizozi zimapereka ma pixel mamiliyoni ambiri, zimayendetsa ma widget osiyanasiyana, ndipo sagwiritsa ntchito cholembera ngati cha Kay. Mwina tinganene kuti taposa zimene Kay ankaganiza. Nthawi iwonetsa kupita patsogolo kwina komwe tingakhale nako muukadaulo wa piritsi mtsogolo.

TechnoBreak | Zopereka ndi Ndemanga
Logo
Yambitsani kulembetsa mumakonzedwe - onse
Ngolo yogulira