Ma Consoles

Mosakayikira mukukumbukira Master System, Super Nintendo kapena Megadrive. Koma mukukumbukira Atari 2600 kapena SG-1000? Okonda masewera a retro akupitilizabe kusewera masewera akale awa panthawi yopuma.

Tsopano tabwera kum'badwo waposachedwa wamasewera otonthoza ndi PlayStation, XBox ndi ena. Nyumba yoyamba yapadziko lonse lapansi idayamba mu 1972: Magnavox Odyssey. Dzina labwino poyamba pang'ono. Zaka zoposa makumi anayi zakukhalapo, makampani opanga masewera apakanema atipatsa masewera ochepa omwe amakumbukira ochepa ... Kodi mukukumbukira?

Zosangalatsa zabwino kwambiri za retro ndi vintage m'mbiri

Mbiri yokhala ndi zilembo zazikulu imalembedwa ndi opambana, monga tonse tikudziwa. Zomwezo zimapitanso pamasewera apakanema. Ngati tikudziwa opanga ma consoles akuluakulu monga Nintendo, Sony, Microsoft kapena mochedwa SEGA, nanga enawo? Iwo amene ayesa njira zatsopano kapena reinvented gudumu. Chabwino, tikuwuzani pompano.

Magnavox Odyssey, yomwe idatulutsidwa mu 1972 ku US ndi 1973 ku Europe, yoyamba pamasewera onse.

Dzina la nyenyezi za koloko yoyera ngati chipale chofewa. Odyssey anali woyamba mwa m'badwo woyamba wamasewera otonthoza ndipo adapangidwa ndi Magnavox. Bokosi lotayidwali linali ndi makina a makadi ndipo linali lolumikizidwa ndi wailesi yakanema. The console adawonetsa masewerawa akuda ndi oyera. Osewera amayika pulasitiki pa zenera ndikugwiritsa ntchito mabatani ozungulira kusuntha madontho.

Fairchild Channel F, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 1976 ku United States

The Fairchild Channel F game console (yomwe imadziwikanso kuti Video Entertainment System kapena VES) idatulutsidwa mu Novembala 1976 ku United States ndikugulitsidwa $170. Inali yoyamba masewero a kanema kutonthoza padziko lonse lapansi yomwe inali ndi microprocessor ndipo inali yochokera pa cartridge system.

Atari 2600, yotulutsidwa mu 1977 ku United States

Atari 2600 (kapena Atari VCS) ndi console ya m'badwo wachiwiri kuyambira October 1977. Panthawiyo, idagulitsidwa pafupifupi $ 199, ndipo inali ndi chimwemwe ndi masewera omenyana ("Combat"). Atari 2600 idakhala imodzi mwamasewera odziwika kwambiri amasewera apakanema am'badwo wake (inaswa mbiri ya moyo wautali ku Europe) ndikuyika chiyambi cha msika waukulu wamasewera apakanema.

Intellivision, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 1980 ku United States

Yopangidwa ndi Mattel mu 1979, Intellivision game console (contraction of Intelligent and Television) inali mpikisano wachindunji wa Atari 2600. Inagulitsidwa ku United States mu 1980 pamtengo wa $299 ndipo inali ndi masewera amodzi: Las Vegas BlackJack. .

Sega SG-1000, yotulutsidwa mu 1981 ku Japan

SG 1000, kapena Sega Game 1000, ndi cholumikizira cham'badwo wachitatu chopangidwa ndi wofalitsa waku Japan SEGA, ndikuyika kulowa kwake pamsika wamasewera apanyumba.

The Colecovision, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 1982 ku United States

Imawononga $399 pang'ono panthawiyo, cholumikizira chamasewera ichi chinali cholumikizira cham'badwo wachiwiri chopangidwa ndi Connecticut Leather Company. Zojambula zake ndi zowongolera zamasewera zinali zofanana ndi zamasewera a masewera azaka za m'ma 80. Pafupifupi mitu yamasewera a kanema ya 400 idatulutsidwa pa makatiriji moyo wake wonse.

Atari 5200, yotulutsidwa mu 1982 ku United States

Masewera a m'badwo wachiwiri awa adapangidwa kuti apikisane ndi omwe adatsogolera Intellivision ndi ColecoVision, masewera otchuka kwambiri pamsika ndipo, koposa zonse, otsika mtengo kwambiri. Atari 5200, yomwe sinatulutsidwe konse ku France, inkafuna kuwonetsa luso lake kudzera pamadoko ake 4 owongolera ndi kabati yosungiramo zinthu. Komabe, console inalephera kwambiri.

Neo-Geo ya SNK, yotulutsidwa mu 1991 ku Japan, Royce of game consoles!

Imadziwikanso kuti NeoGeo Advanced Entertainment System, Neo-Geo console ndi yofanana ndi Neo-Geo MVS arcade system. Laibulale yawo yamasewera a 2D imayang'ana kwambiri masewera omenyera nkhondo ndipo ndi yabwino. Nkhope, anthu wamba amaona ngati "mwanaalirenji" console.

Panasonic's 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, yotulutsidwa mu 1993 ku United States

Chotonthoza ichi, chokhala ndi mawonekedwe amakono kuposa ma acolyte ake, chimatsatira mulingo wa 3DO (3D Objects) wokhazikitsidwa ndi The 3DO Company, kampani yaku America yosindikiza masewera a kanema. Kusamvana kwake kwakukulu kunali 320 × 240 mumitundu 16 miliyoni, ndipo kumathandizira zotsatira za 3D. Inali ndi doko limodzi lachisangalalo, koma inalola kuti 8. Mtengo wake? 700 madola.

Jaguar, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 1993 ku United States

Ngakhale dzina lake lolota komanso ukadaulo wapamwamba, Jaguar sanakhalitse pamsika. Katiriji yomaliza yotulutsidwa ndi Atari inali ndi laibulale yamasewera ochepa, yomwe ingafotokoze kulephera kwake.

Nuon - VM Labs - 2000

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 2000, Nuon adatuluka, teknoloji ya VM Labs yomwe inakhazikitsidwa ndi munthu wakale wa Atari, yomwe inalola kuti chigawo cha kanema chiwonjezedwe ku DVD. Kwa iwo omwe amakumbukira, Jeff Minter anali m'modzi mwa opanga mapulogalamu awo. Iye anali ndi udindo pa Tempest ndi mitundu yake yonse ndi Attack of Mutant Ngamila. Ngati lingalirolo ndi lokongola pamapepala, Toshiba ndi Samsung okha adalumphira pa bandwagon. Koma poyerekeza ndi Nintendo 64, makamaka PlayStation 2 ndi Dreamcast, zinali zovuta kuti tipeze poyambira. Masewera 8 okha omwe adatulutsidwa chifukwa cha chithandizochi, kuphatikiza Tempest 3000 kapena Space Invaders XL

Microvision - MB - 1979

The Game Boy (yomwe posachedwapa yakwanitsa zaka 30) nthawi zambiri imaganiziridwa molakwika kuti ndiyo yoyamba kunyamula yokhala ndi makatiriji osinthika. Chabwino, idatsogozedwa ndi Microvision ya MB (kenako idakhala Vectrex) pafupifupi zaka khumi. Makina aatali awa adaloledwa kale kusangalala ndi masewera osiyanasiyana kumapeto kwa 1979. Zosiyana ndizochepa, chifukwa pakati pa zolakwika zopanga zomwe zimalepheretsa moyo wa chinsalu, zigawo zake ndi kiyibodi, ndi maudindo ake a 12 omwe adatulutsidwa m'zaka zinayi. osati phwando kwenikweni. Komabe, ikhoza kudzitama kuti ndiyo yoyamba.

Phantom - Infinium Labs - Yathetsedwa

Tiyeni tibere pang'ono pamndandanda uwu ndikutchula Phantom, "chitonthozo" chomwe sichinawonepo kuwala kwa tsiku koma chomwe chinapangitsa osewera kuti azilakalaka zotulutsidwa zatsopano mu 2003. Mawuwa amabwera m'maganizo chifukwa chinali pamwamba pa PC yokhoza kuyendetsa masewera anthawi ino ndi amtsogolo. Koma, ndipo iyi inali mfundo yake yolimba malinga ndi okonza ake, inalola mwayi wopeza masewera pakufunika, omwe amadziwika bwino kuti masewera mumtambo, chifukwa cha hard drive yake ndi intaneti. Mu 2003. Kotero ife tiri patsogolo pa OnLive, yomwe inasokonezanso. M'malo mwake, atalephera kupeza ndalama zokwana madola 30 miliyoni zomwe zimafunikira pulojekitiyi, Phantom idagonekedwa ndipo Infinium Labs, yomwe idatchedwanso Phantom Entertainment, idalowa pa kiyibodi yake kuti ikhale pachifuwa chanu. Tsambali likadali pa intaneti, ndipo zida izi zitha kugulidwabe. Koma chenjerani, sichinasinthidwe kuyambira 2011.

Gizmondo - Tiger Telematics - 2005

Ndi makina omwe adatigulitsira maloto asanaphulike mlengalenga, monga ngozi yochititsa chidwi ya Ferrari Enzo ku Malibu, yomwe idawulula zigawenga komanso chinyengo chachikulu cha oyang'anira Tiger Telematics. Kampani yaku Sweden imeneyi inali ndi, pamapepala, makina onyamulika abwino kwambiri. Sikirini yabwino, mabatani ambiri ochitapo kanthu omwe amawonetsa masewera abwino, komanso zinthu zabwino monga GPS. Lingaliro lochititsa chidwi kwambiri linakopa osunga ndalama, omwe anapereka ndalama zambiri. Tiger Telematics ndiye amatha kupereka zilolezo zofunika kuti makina atsopano achite bwino ngati FIFA kapena SSX. Koma posakhalitsa kukhazikitsidwa kwa kontrakitala, mu Okutobala 2005, nyuzipepala yaku Sweden idawulula kuti kampaniyo idalumikizana ndi mafia akomweko. Kenako, mu February 2006, ngozi yodziwika bwino ya Ferrari ndi Stefan Eriksson, m'modzi mwa oyang'anira Gizmondo Europe. Tsoka ilo, kufufuza kwa ngoziyo kunavumbula zolakwika zonse ndipo Eriksson anatsekeredwa m'ndende pamodzi ndi mamenejala ena omwe akuimbidwa mlandu wachinyengo komanso kuzemba msonkho. Masewera a 14 okha adatulutsidwa, oposa theka la iwo adangotulutsidwa panthawi yotulutsidwa.

Playdia - Bandai - 1994

Zaka za m'ma 90 zinali nthawi yabwino yopanga zotonthoza zamitundu yonse. Bandai, yemwe ali ndi ziphaso zowoneka bwino za anime ngati Dragon Ball, adatsimikiza mtima kulowa nawo masewerawa. Chotsatira chake chinali Playdia, makina osangalatsa a multimedia kwa achinyamata osati masewera enieni a masewera. M'malo mwake, iyi ndi nthawi yoyenera kwambiri, popeza pamitu makumi atatu yomwe idatulutsidwa, pafupifupi onsewo ndi makanema olumikizana omwe amachokera ku zilolezo zodziwika bwino monga Dragon Ball, Sailor Moon kapena Kamen Rider. Palibe chosangalatsa kwambiri, kupatula kuti console idabwera ndi chowongolera opanda zingwe, ndipo izi, mmbuyo mu 1994.

Pippin - Apple Bandai - 1996

Si chinsinsi kuti Steve Jobs atakakamizika kusiya kampani yomwe adayambitsa nawo mu 1985, zonse zidayenda. Makina athunthu adapangidwa. Pakati pawo, Newton, piritsi loyambirira lomwe linangogwira ntchito theka; osindikiza; makamera; ndipo pakati pa zonsezi, masewera a masewera. Zopangidwa mogwirizana ndi Bandai, womalizayo anali ndi udindo wopanga yekha, pamene Apple inapereka zigawo ndi machitidwe opangira (System 7 kwa omwe akudziwa). Kwa Bandai, unali mwayi wopezerapo mwayi pa mbiri ya Apple, pomwe Apple inali mwayi wopanga $ 500 Macintosh. Tsoka ilo, palibe chomwe chidayenda molingana ndi dongosolo. Tsiku lokhazikitsidwa ku Japan lidachedwetsedwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi ndipo mtengo wake woletsedwa wa kontrakitala wamasewera udalepheretsa kuti ifike pamsika womwe ukulamulidwa ndi Nintendo, Sony ndi SEGA. Masewera ochepera 80 adatulutsidwa ku Japan komanso pafupifupi 18 ku United States. Kulephera kwenikweni, makope 42.000 okha adagulitsidwa.

Super A'Can - Funtech - 1995

Kum'mwera chakum'mawa kwa Asia kumadziwika bwino chifukwa cha kukopa kwa msika wakuda. Masewera ovomerezeka kapena ma consoles ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri kotero kuti osewera m'magawo awa amapeza kuti ndizopindulitsa kwambiri kugula kope losaloledwa kapena chojambula. Koma Funtech, kampani ya ku Taiwan, inkafuna kuyesa m'zaka za m'ma 90. Chotsatira cha kuyesa kumeneku chinali Super A'Can, 16-bit console yokhala ndi mapangidwe ofanana kwambiri ndi Super NES, koma yomwe inagulitsidwa mu October. 1995, mkati mwa nkhondo ya 32-bit. Idalibe mwayi ndipo masewera 12 okha adatulutsidwa. Zowonongeka zidafika $ 6 miliyoni, zomwe zidapangitsa kutsekedwa kwa Funtech, yomwe idawononga zida zake zonse panthawi yopanga ndikugulitsa zina zonse ngati zida zosinthira ku United States.

Loopy - Casio - 1995

Masewera amasewera opangira atsikana akusekondale/ akusekondale? Casio adachita izi mu 1995. Chothandizira chachiwiri ichi kuchokera kwa wopanga yemwe amadziwika bwino ndi makina ake owerengera anali patsogolo pa nthawi yake ponena za ntchito. Loopy inali ndi chosindikizira chamtundu wamafuta chomwe chimakulolani kusindikiza zomata zanu pazithunzi za imodzi mwamasewera khumi omwe adatulutsidwa. Mwachiwonekere, kunali kupikisana ndi purikura ambiri omwe amapezeka ku Japan kuti Casio adapanga console yawo. Koma zowona, pakati pa ukalamba koma wophatikizidwa 16-bit ndikukula bwino kwa 32-bit, Loopy sinakhale nthawi yayitali ngakhale inali lingaliro labwino. Inde, n'chifukwa chiyani akazi ayenera kukhazikika kwa console yomwe si yabwino kwambiri, ngati kuti ilibe mwayi kwa ena?

PEAK – SEGA – 1993

Wopanga wamkulu akafuna ana, mumapeza SEGA PEAK. Ndi Genesis yokhala ndi zinthu zina zopangidwira masewera ophunzirira. Kuyambira ndi Magic Pen, pensulo yayikulu yabuluu yomata pamunsi mwa cholembera chachikasu chowala. Makatoni, otchedwa "Storyware," anali opangidwa ngati buku la nthano la ana monga ena ambiri. Bukhulo, lomwe linali ndi mabokosi olumikizana, linayikidwa kumtunda kwa console. Mukakanikiza cholemberacho, mutha kujambula kapena kuchita zinthu zina. Kuphatikiza apo, mabokosiwo adasinthidwa ndi tsamba lililonse lomwe adatembenuzidwa. Ngakhale kupambana kwake kudakhazikika ku Japan (opitilira mayunitsi 3 miliyoni ogulitsidwa), ochepa amakumbukira kuti adawoloka njira yake.

FM Towns Marty - Fujitsu - 1993

Yoyamba ya 32-bit console m'mbiri inalidi yaku Japan, koma sinali PlayStation, kutali ndi iyo. Timakonda kuganiza kuti zotonthoza za 32-bit zidabadwa ndi anthu omwe adawapangitsa kukhala opambana. Sizili chonchi. Chotonthoza choyamba cha m'badwo uno chinachokera kwa mpainiya wa makompyuta ku Japan, Fujitsu. Kutsatira kupambana kwakukulu ndi malonda a FM7, kampani yaku Japan idaganiza zopanga kompyuta yatsopano, FM Towns, kuti ipikisane ndi PC-98 ya NEC. Chifukwa chake, poganizira kukula kwa msika wa console, owongolera adaganiza zopanga mtundu wanyumba zotonthoza. Zotsatira zake zinali FM Towns Marty. Zokhala ndi CD-ROM drive yamasewera ndi floppy drive yosunga zosunga zobwezeretsera (sitingathe kubisa komwe idachokera), 32-bit console iyi imagwirizana ndi masewera onse a FM Towns. Tsoka ilo, monga ndi kompyuta, sizinali zopambana ngakhale mtundu wachiwiri wokhala ndi imvi yakuda. Yotulutsidwa mu February 1993, nyimbo yokhayo ya FM Towns Marty ndi yomwe ikuyenera kukhala yoyamba m'gulu lake, ngakhale izi zikadali zotsutsana.

Channel F - Fairchild - 1976

Mpainiya ngati alipo, Fairchild Channel F inali imodzi mwa oyamba, ngati si oyamba, kugwiritsa ntchito makatiriji opangidwa ndi ROM. Imadziwikanso kuti Fairchild Video Entertainment System, makinawa adatulutsidwa mu 1976, Atari 2600 isanachitike pafupifupi miyezi khumi. Jerry Lawson, m'modzi mwa mainjiniya, anali ndi udindo wopanga makatiriji osinthika awa, omwe amagwiritsidwabe ntchito mpaka pano mu Nintendo Switch lero. Ngakhale olamulira achilendo komanso aatali, Canal F yakwanitsa kudzipangira niche yabwino pamsika woyambira. Ndi masewera opambana kwambiri kuposa Odyssey, mwachitsanzo, kupambana kwake kunali kotsimikizika.

GX-4000 - Amstrad - 1990

Wopanga ma microcomputer owoneka bwino ku Europe akuganiza kuti dziko lazotonthoza liyenera kukhala lofanana, ngozi yamakampani yomwe ndi Amstrad's GX-4000 imachitika. Alan Sugar, bwana wa kampani yaku Britain, adafuna kulowa mchipindamo. Ndi njira yabwino iti yochitira izi kuposa ndi cholumikizira chamasewera? Komanso, ndi osiyanasiyana makompyuta, ndi kokwanira kutembenuza mmodzi wa iwo ndi izo. Wina amaganiza kuti lingalirolo linali lofanana kapena locheperapo pamene wina awona zotsatira zake. Yotulutsidwa mu 1990, GX-4000 sichake kuposa Amstrad CPC Plus 4 yopanda kiyibodi. Masewera a cartridge ndi ogwirizana koma osati abwino kwambiri. Odziwika kwambiri ku Europe, ma microcomputer awa apanga masiku okongola aku France kusewera ndi masewera a Loriciels kapena Infogrames. Koma osati GX-4000, amene anasiyidwa pasanathe chaka atamasulidwa.

PC-FX - NEC - 1994

Pulojekiti yotchuka ya Tetsujin, kupikisana ndi ma bits 32 a nthawiyo, inalinso ndi ntchito yayikulu yopambana imodzi mwazinthu zabwino kwambiri m'mbiri, PC Engine (kapena TurbografX-16 m'dziko lathu). Sitikudziwa ngati kukakamizidwa uku kudachita bwino mwanzeru za opanga kapena lingaliro lidasokonekera panthawi yopanga, koma kontrakitala yomwe idawona kuwala kwatsiku mu Disembala 1994 idafanana ndi PC ndipo idatchedwa PC-FX. Pofuna kukonzedwanso mofanana ndi makompyuta, makinawo posakhalitsa anasintha kwambiri poyerekeza ndi mpikisano. Zowonadi, mulibe 3D chip mkati ndipo, chifukwa chake, mulibe ma polygons pazenera. Kutembenuka kolepheraku kudzakhala chifukwa cha PC-FX ndi masewera ake 62 opangidwa makamaka ndi makanema ochezera.

Zodiac - Tapwave - 2003

Wina yemwe adazunzidwa pa intaneti koyambirira kwa zaka za m'ma 2000, Zodiac yomwe ikubwera ya Tapwave (yomwe idakhazikitsidwa ndi omwe kale anali ogwira ntchito ku Palm), mnansi wa Google ku Mountain View. Chojambula chowoneka chamakono kwambiri (mu mtundu wake wachiwiri pachithunzichi) chinatulutsidwa mu 2003 ndipo, monga momwe zimayembekezeredwa, chinaphatikizapo makina opangira Palm. Masewerawa amatha kukwezedwa m'njira ziwiri: polumikiza makinawo pakompyuta ndikukopera zomwe zili pakompyuta kupita ku kontrakitala, kapena kutenga masewerawo pamakhadi a SD. Ngakhale zosintha zina zosangalatsa monga Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 4 kapena Doom II, inali PSP ya Sony yomwe ingabise mpaka kubisala.

N-Gage - Nokia - 2003

Tiyeni titsirize ndemanga iyi ya zotonthoza zodziwika pang'ono potchula foni ya Nokia, theka-game console, N-Gage. Masewero a mafoni akhalapo kwa nthawi yayitali ndipo wopanga waku Finnish watengerapo mwayi. Pamene idatuluka mu 2003, N-Gage inali yapadera. Ngakhale zidapangidwa mokongola kwambiri, chipangizocho chimayenera kusungidwa m'mphepete mwake pokambirana pafoni. Koma zamkhutu za ergonomic sizinathere pamenepo. Kuti muyike makatiriji mu chitsanzo choyamba, batire iyenera kuchotsedwa. Zinali ngati maloto. Mwamwayi, cholakwika ichi chidakonzedwa mu N-Gage QD patatha chaka. Makinawa adawona kusintha kwakukulu kwamalayisensi odziwika anthawiyo monga Worms, Tomb Raider, Pandemonium kapena Monkey Ball. Zosavuta kupeza lero, ziyenera kukhutiritsa osonkhanitsa omwe akusowa chidwi.

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