Chii chinonzi deepfake uye nei uchifanira kuita hanya?

Echo Dot Smart Mutauri

Wakambofunga nezve kuona chiso chako muvhidhiyo isina kurongeka zvachose? Kana kunzwa inzwi rako pachako richitaura zvinhu zvausingazombotauri? Zvakanaka, izvi zvinogoneka neiyo tekinoroji inonzi deepfake, iyo inobvumira kunyengedza uku, kunyanya mumavhidhiyo, nenzira inogutsa. Ona pazasi zvimwe ruzivo rwekuti chii chinonzi deepfake uye nei uchifanira kuva nehanya nehunyanzvi uhu.

Deepfake inoshandisa Artificial Intelligence kushandura zviso zvevanhu mumavhidhiyo, kuwiriranisa mafambiro emiromo, matauriro uye zvimwe zvinhu, mune dzimwe nguva nemhedzisiro uye inogutsa.

Aya mafungu ekuchinjanisa zviso zvevanhu mumavhidhiyo haasi matsva. Asi muna Zvita 2017, mushandisi weReddit anonzi deepfakes akaenda nhanho imwe mberi. Achishandisa yakavhurika sosi AI uye maturusi ekudzidza muchina seKeras uye TensorFlow (yekupedzisira kubva kuGoogle), akagadzira algorithm yekudzidzisa neural network kumepu chiso chemunhu pane muviri wemumwe, furemu nefuremu.

Iyo deepfake inoshanda sei

Panzvimbo pekuvimba nekugadzirisa kwemaoko sekare, mushandisi, kuburikidza nechishandiso (chainzi Deepfake), chinongoda sosi yekuziva modhi yechiso che "akabatwa", mepu chimiro chemusoro waunonangwa uye kugadzira iyo yakavharika. . Iyo software inogona kugadzirisa mafambiro ekutanga vhidhiyo kune huso hutsva uye izvi zvinosanganisira kutaridzika kwechiso uye kufamba kwemiromo.

Pakutanga, Deepfake zvaida ruzivo rwepamusoro kune chikamu chemushandisi, asi vamwe pavakagadzira maapplication uye masisitimu anokwanisa kuita otomatiki maitiro ese, chishandiso chakashandiswa zvakanyanya kuita zvakaipa: munguva pfupi mavhidhiyo evakuru akagadziridzwa nesoftware akatanga kuoneka. nechiso chevatambi nevatambi.

Nekudaro, iyo Deepfake "prank" haina kuganhurirwa kumavhidhiyo evakuru: kune akati wandei zvisikwa zvinoisa zviso zvevakakurumbira mumafirimu mavakanga vasipo. Nekudaro, mikana yekushandisa software yakawanda uye, hongu, inokuvadza. Kunyangwe Mark Zuckerberg aive chinangwa chevhidhiyo yenhema.

Mimwe mienzaniso yezvishandiso zviri nyore kuwanikwa zvakadzika ndeiyi: iyo Reface app; iyo DeepSwap uye DeepFakes mawebhusaiti; uye iyo FaceApp uye DeepFaceLab zvirongwa.

Chii chinonzi deepfake uye nei uchifanira kuita hanya?

Izvo zvakakosha kuti uzive kuti deepfake yakasiyana nesurfacefake. Muchokwadi, chimiro chakafanana, asi mutsauko uri mumhando. Mune fakes dzepamusoro, mhando yekubata yakaderera, izvo zvinoita kuti kuzivikanwa kuve nyore.

Mhando dzedeepfakes

Zvakawanda sekutarisa kweiyo deepfake kuchinjika kwechiso mumavhidhiyo, chero munhu anofunga kuti tsika yacho inogumira kune izvo zvakaipa. Iyo tekinoroji inoshandiswawo pakugadzirisa odhiyo, uko kurekodha kunogona kugadzirwa kunoteedzera izwi remumwe munhu, rudzi rwezvakadzika fake iro rinogona kugovaniswa zviri nyore kune vatumwa seWhatsApp.

Mukuwedzera, isu tinogona kutomhanya kupinda mu textual deepfakes nematapureta anogadzirwa nehungwaru hwekugadzira; deepfakes pasocial media, nokuda kwekugadzirwa kwezvinyorwa zvenhema pa internet; uye dzakadzika fakes munguva chaiyo umo zvinokwanisika kushandura chiso munhepfenyuro inorarama, nzira iyo DeepFaceLive software inobvumira, semuenzaniso.

Zvinogona Ngozi dzeDeepfakes

Kunyangwe chinangwa chikuru chenharaunda yakatenderedza chishandiso chiri nhamba dzeveruzhinji, hapana chinotadzisa munhu ane hutsinye kutora vhidhiyo yemunhuwo zvake achimuisa mumamiriro ezvinhu anonyadzisa.

Usafunge chete nezve akagadziridzwa kutsiva zvinonyadzisira mavhidhiyo: zvinogoneka, semuenzaniso, kuveza chinguva chekuzorora pakati peshamwari kugadzira alibi, chirevo chekunyengetedza vamwe kuti unodzivirira imwe maonero kana kunyange mhosva, nzira yekumugadzirira. Zvose zvinoenderana nekugadzirwa kwemuparidzi uye kuti mangani emavhidhiyo avo anowanikwa nyore nyore paInternet.

Sezvo avhareji yemhando yemavhidhiyo isiri yakanyanya kukwira, kupihwa zvinodiwa zvehardware (inoda GeForce GTX 1050 inodiwa kuti uwane mibairo inogamuchirika), idzi mhando dzezvisikwa zvinonyatso kugutsa kune munhu asingafungire, anozofunga kuti vhidhiyo chaiyo, kunyangwe iine zvikanganiso.

Deepfake uye sarudzo

Hunyanzvi hunoshandiswawo mune zvematongerwo enyika. MuSarudzo dza2022, yekutanga yakadzama yakatozivikanwa nemuratidziri weJornal Nacional Renata Vasconcellos. Vhidhiyo, iyo yakanyatso kupepetwa, inoshandisa izwi remutori wenhau kuratidza data kubva muongororo yekuvhota yenhema.

Sezvambotaurwa pamusoro, izvi zvirimo zvinoguma zvasvika kune vanhu vasingakwanise kuziva izvozvi zvitsotsi, zvichiwedzera kugovaniswa kwenhau dzenhema uye disinformation.

Chii chinonzi deepfake uye nei uchifanira kuita hanya?

Mazano ekuona deepfake

Paunogamuchira vhidhiyo inomutsa mubvunzo, mira woiona kakawanda, uchimhanya, kuti zvive nyore kuona zvikanganiso.

Imwe danho rinokosha nderokuteerera chiso chemunhu muvhidhiyo. Tarisa ganda, maziso, tsiye uye muromo, semuenzaniso. Mukuona uku zvinokwanisika kuona chimwe chikanganiso, kungava kupenya kunononoka kana kuti ganda rakatsetseka kana rakaunyana.

Chekupedzisira, tsvaga ruzivo nezve izvo zvakagamuchirwa (ingave vhidhiyo, odhiyo kana mameseji), zvinokwanisika kuti iwe unowana dzimwe nhau nezvenyaya iyi painternet. Zvakare, edza kutsvaga imwe vhezheni yepositi kuti ugone kuenzanisa kutaura uye majeti.

Muchidimbu, kutarisisa kwakanyanya kune zvese zvakadzama.

Mafungiro api aunofanira kutora?

Kuti udzivise zvemukati kuti zvisashandiswe mukudzika, zvine musoro kudzivirira kugovera mavhidhiyo ega nevanhu vausingazive kana kusaatambira pachena pasocial media kuti zviomere muparidzi.

Kazhinji, nzanga ichiri kugadzirisa kune deepfake nekuti inyanzvi nyowani uye ikashandiswa zvisizvo inokuvadza zvakanyanya. Matanho matsva emutemo anotarisirwa kubvumidzwa kurwisa tsika nekudzivirira vanhu. Naizvozvo, kana wakambobatwa nemhosva, unganidza ruzivo rwese rwunodiwa uye tsvaga gweta kana Hofisi yePublic Defender's nekukurumidza.

Panyaya yemavhidhiyo akagamuchirwa uye maodhiyo, dzivisa kugovera pasina kutanga watevera matipi ekuona yakadzika. Mafungiro aya akakosha zvakanyanya kudzivirira kupararira kweruzivo rwenhema uye zvinyorwa zvisina kufanira.

Hazvisi pamutemo here kugadzira deepfake?

Muchokwadi, iyo njere yekufunga and the matekinoroji ekudzidza akadzama haisi dambudziko sezvo inogona kushandiswa kugadzira mavhidhiyo asingakuvadzi. Zvisinei, izwi rokuti deepfake rinowanzobatanidzwa nemamiriro ezvinhu akaipa, kureva, mamiriro ezvinhu anoisa vanhu, mapoka evanhu, uye kunyange democracy panjodzi.

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