Drones

Smart Parking ine Drones

Nguva inotevera yaunoshandisa maminetsi makumi maviri uchitenderera nzvimbo yekupaka uchiedza kutsvaga nzvimbo, funga nezve izvi: rimwe zuva munguva pfupi, iwe unozogona kurega drone ichikuitira iwe. A...

Kwaunotenga drones muChina

Kuwana kuChina kwave kuri kupisa muSpain kwenguva yakareba, uye nechikonzero ichocho takagadzira gwara iri kwaunogona kuwana zvitoro zveChinese uye matipi ekuwana online zvakachengeteka uye zvakachipa! ...

Nhoroondo ye drones

Tinogona kufungidzira nyika pamberi peInternet, mafambiro makuru, nzira iyo machati nemamepu zvakatumirwa. Tinoziva kuti pakatanga kudyidzana kwenyika dzepasi rose, kureba kwakapfupikiswa uye shanduko yakatanga.

Kungofanana nekuzivikanwa kwemadrones kuchashandura nyika sezvatinozviziva. Pakutanga vese vaive nemabasa echiuto, uye nekufamba kwenguva vakave vanokwanisa kutenga uye vakawana vateveri vazhinji.

Hadzina kungove dzakakurumbira uye dziri chikamu chehupenyu hwezuva nezuva hwevanhu pasi rose, asi dzakakonzera chimurenga. MaUAV (motokari dzemuchadenga dzisina kurongwa) kana maUAV (motokari dzemuchadenga dzisina munhu) dzakashandiswa pakuongorora pasi, zvichibvumira kuona kwemuchadenga. Vakatoshanda setsigiro, uye nzira, yekurwisa nehusori; kunyange kutumira mameseji.

Vakaonekwa kuma60s, asi ma80 ndipo pavakatanga kukwezva kutarisa nezvekushandisa kwavo kuhondo.

Kubatsira kukuru kwekushandiswa kwayo mukati ma80 yaive mukana wekuita zviito, kazhinji zvine njodzi, pasina hazvo kuisa hupenyu munjodzi.

Nekuti ani nani aidzora angave ari kure neiyo drone, uye chakaipisisa chingaitika chinhu chakapfurwa mumhepo.

Izvo vanhu vashoma vanoziva nezve nhoroondo yemadrones ndeyekuti yakafuridzirwa neBOMB.

Bhomba rinozivikanwa zvikuru rebuzzer, rakatumidzwa ruzha rwayaiita pakubhururuka, rakagadzirwa neGermany munguva yeHondo Yenyika II.

Pasinei nekureruka kwayo, izvo zvakaita kuti ive nyore kunangwa kwemoto uye kupindira, sezvo yaingobhururuka mumutsara wakatwasuka uye nekumhanya kusingaperi, yakawana budiriro huru.

Kunyange zvazvo pasina nhamba chaiyo yehuwandu hwevanhu vakakuvadzwa uye vakaurayiwa nemabhomba, zvinogona kugumiswa kuti nhamba inokosha, sezvo mabhomba anopfuura 1.000 V-1 akadonhedzwa.

V-1, inozivikanwa seboom bomb, handiyo yega bhomba rakadaro rakagadzirwa. Makore mashomanana gare gare, munguva yeHondo Yenyika II, V-2 yakagadzirwa.

Asi chimurenga chikuru chakauya apo bhomba rehunhu uhwu rakatanga kuoneka: V-1, iyo yakafemera nhoroondo yemadrone nekushanduka-shanduka kwavo kwese kubva ipapo.

Kuonekwa kwe drone

Nhoroondo yezvidhori zvakatanga nekurudziro mumabhomba anobhururuka echiGerman erudzi rweV-1, anozivikanwa zvikuru semabhomba. Yakagamuchira zita iri nekuda kweruzha rwayakaita pakubhururuka, ichigadzirwa neGermany munguva yeHondo Yenyika II.

Pasinei nekuganhurirwa uye kutorwa sechinhu chiri nyore, yakawana budiriro yakakura nekumhanya kwayo inogara ichibhururuka uye ichibhururuka chete mumutsara wakatwasuka, ichisvika kunhamba inodarika 1.000 V-1 mabhomba akadonha. Makore mashoma gare gare, ichiri muHondo Yenyika II, mutsivi wayo, bhomba reV-2, rakasikwa.

Ndiani akagadzira iyo drone?

Muenzaniso wakaratidza nhoroondo yemadrones, iyo yatinoziva nhasi, yakagadzirwa neIsrael space engineer Abraham (Abe) Karem. Maererano naye, muna 1977, paakasvika kuUnited States, zvakatora vanhu makumi matatu kuti vadzore drone. Akatarisana nemamiriro ezvinhu aya, akatanga kambani yeLeading System uye, aine zviwanikwa zvishoma zvetekinoroji, senge fiberglass yekumba uye zvimedu zvehuni, akazvara Albatross.

Nekuvandudzwa kwakaitwa nemuenzaniso mutsva -maawa 56 mumhepo pasina kubhadharisa mabhatiri uye nevanhu vatatu vanoibata-, injiniya akawana mari kubva kuDARPA yekuvandudzwa kwaidiwa mumuenzaniso uye, neizvi, muenzaniso mutsva unonzi Amber waiva. born.

Ndege idzi dzakagadzirwa uye dzakagadzirirwa mauto ehondo ayo aipa njodzi kuhupenyu hwevanhu, sekununura moto uye kuchengetedzwa kusiri kwemauto. Izvi zvine chinangwa chekubvumidza kuongororwa kana kurwisa nharaunda.

Pamusoro peizvi, imwe UAV yakanyoreswa ndiyo Gralha Azul, yakagadzirwa naEmbravant. Iine mapapiro anodarika mamita mana uye inogona kubhururuka kwemaawa matatu.

Iyo drone sezvatinoiziva nhasi yakagadzirwa naIsrael Abe Karem, injinjiniya wemuchadenga anotarisira drone inotyiwa uye yakabudirira muAmerica.

Maererano naKarem, paakasvika kuUnited States muna 1977, zvakatora vanhu makumi matatu kuti vadzore drone. Iyi modhi, Akwira, yakabhururuka avhareji yemaminetsi mashoma kunyangwe yaive nerwendo rwemaawa makumi maviri ekubhururuka.

Achiona mamiriro ezvinhu aya, Karem akatanga kambani, Leading System, uye neine teknolojia shoma: zvimedu zvehuni, fiberglass yakagadzirwa kumba uye murume akafa seaya aishandiswa mumutambo wekart panguva iyoyo, akasika Albatross.

Iyo Albatross yakakwanisa kugara mumhepo kwemaawa makumi mashanu nenhanhatu pasina kudzorera mabhatiri ayo, uye yaingoshandiswa nevanhu 56 - zvichienzaniswa nevanhu makumi matatu paAquilla. Kutevera kuratidzwa kwakanaka uku, Karem akagamuchira mari kubva kuDARPA yekuvandudza prototype, uye Amber akazvarwa.

Kushandiswa kwema drones

Kufanana neInternet, nhoroondo yemadrones yanga ichienda kunowanikwa uye yakaunza mabhenefiti akawanda kumusika wedrone nevatengi vayo. Nhasi, ma drones ane hukuru hwakasiyana-siyana maererano nekushandiswa kwavo. Mashandisiro ayo anosanganisira kutevera uye kuongorora, kutora mafoto uye kutora mafirimu, kushandiswa kwemauto, uye kununura, pakati pezvimwe zvakawanda zvinoshandiswa.

Sezvinotarisirwa, senhoroondo yemadrones akagadzirwa, akawedzerwa uye nhasi anoshandiswa munzvimbo dzakasiyana siyana.

Mienzaniso yekutanga yakashandiswa chete kugadzira mifananidzo nemavhidhiyo, asi ivo vari kuramba vachiramba, vanozvimiririra uye vakasimba.

Amazon yakatowana mvumo kubva kuUnited States yekuendesa drone.

Facebook yakazivisa chirongwa chayo chekuunza iyo Internet kudzimba kuburikidza nemadrones.

Uye pese pazvino shandiswa zvitsva kwavari, zvinonyanya kuzivikanwa, parizvino, ndezvi:

Mutsaona yeFukushima muJapan, T-Hawk (drone model) yakashandiswa kuwana mifananidzo yemareactor akakuvadzwa. Kuwana mafoto uye kutora mafirimu pasina njodzi, nekuda kweradiation, kune chero munhu. Uye kazhinji, ma drones akashandiswa mumifananidzo yemuchato, kufukidzwa kwezviitiko zvemitambo uye mune zviitiko zvakaita sekuratidzira muSao Paulo.Vamwe vanhu vanototsiva selfie stick kuti vatore mafoto nemadrones.

Kudzora uye kuongorora: Zviremera munyika dzinoverengeka pasirese zvave kutoshandisa drones kudzora nekuchengetedza chengetedzo mumaguta makuru, kunyanya kana zviitiko zvikuru zvemitambo zviri kuitika.

Hurricane watch: Masayendisiti muFlorida akagadzira dhiraivha diki iyo inogona kutangwa munzira yekune madutu.

Mifananidzo yepasi pemvura: Inonakidza drone modhi iOpenRov, iyo inobvumira chaiyo-nguva mifananidzo yepasi pegungwa kuti igadzirwe. Kukwanisa kusvika kunzvimbo dzaive dzisati dzasvika munhu, kurongedza mhando itsva uye kuburitsa zvakavanzika.

Kushandiswa kwechiuto: Hazvishamisi kuona munhau, kana mumafirimu, kuvapo kwemadrone anoratidza chiito chavo, kuita mifananidzo yehondo, kuona kufamba kwevavengi, kana kunyange kutora chikamu mukuputika kwebhomba.

Batsira vanhu vanoshaya: Nemukana wekusvika kunzvimbo dzine ruvengo, ma drone akashandiswawo mumabasa akasiyana-siyana ekukurumidzira.Sekudya uye kunyange kutakura mishonga, munzvimbo dziri dzoga uye dzakaoma kuwana. kukwanisa kuponesa vanhu vakati wandei.

Kununura: Gore rino (2015) kuonekwa kweGimball, drone inokunda yeDrones for Good contest ("Drones for good", mushanduro yakananga), yakashumwa. Zvose zvakafukidzwa ne "cage", iyo inobvumira iyo kuti udzivise zvipingamupinyi panguva yekubhururukaInofemerwa nezvipembenene, ine tembiricha sensor, GPS, makamera uye yakakwirira kushorwa, iyo inobvumira kuti ishandiswe mukununura.

Nekuzivikanwa kwayo, sekunge neInternet, kushandiswa kwayo kunoramba kuripo uye kunoita mutsauko wakakwana muhupenyu hwevanhu.

Chii chinonzi drone?

Imotokari yemuchadenga isina munhu (UAV) ine kudzora kubhururuka uye inokwanisa kugamuchira maodha kuburikidza neredhiyo frequency, infrared uye kunyange misheni yakambotsanangurwa neGNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) coordinates. Chitarisiko chayo chinoyeuchidza madiki-herikoputa, aine mamwe mamodheru akafanana ejeti, maquadcopter (mapropeller mana) uye mhando dzine mapropeller masere kana anoshandisa mafuta pakubhururuka kwawo.

Drone muChirungu zvinoreva "drone" uye, nekuda kwekutinhira kwayo kana ichibhururuka, yakaguma yave yakakurumbira kugamuchirwa kutumidza ndege.

Vanhu vanowanzonzwa izwi iri kekutanga uye vanoshamisika: chii chinonzi drone?

Drone imotokari yemuchadenga, asi kusiyana nendege nemaherikoputa, ivo havana munhu. Iwo anodzorwa ari kure uye anowanzo kuve akashongedzerwa nemakamera emhando yepamusoro.

Dzakashandiswa kwenguva sechitoyi, shanduko yemhando ndege. Nhasi kune musika mukuru uye uri kukura wehunyanzvi wevatyairi vendege.

Sezvo zvichibvira kuti kusvika 2010 pakanga pasina chero kutsvaga painjini yekutsvaga nezve drones, uye kubva ipapo kukura kwayo kwave kunoshamisa.

Izvi zvinotipa pfungwa yekuti kufarirwa kwema drones, kunyangwe kwakaratidza kukura kwakanyanya, kuchine nzvimbo yakawanda.

Tekinoroji shanduko inobvumira nhasi chero anoda kuve mutyairi kudzora drone yavo zvakananga kubva panharembozha yavo kana piritsi.

Mamwe mamodheru anogona kudzorwa kuburikidza neiyo smartphone's accelerometer. Izvo zvinoita kuti chiitiko chiwedzere kunyura.

Zviri kuitika iye zvino, panguva ino chaiyo. Uye yakawanda uye yakawanda drones ichawana nzvimbo uye kuchinja hupenyu hwedu. Sezvinoita vaongorori vazhinji: nhoroondo haina kumira. Inovakwa mazuva ese, uye nema drones hazvina kusiyana.

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