Ndeipi dhatabhesi rakanakisa rekushandisa kwangu?

Panguva yatinotanga dhizaini yebasa idzva, ingave iri diki app kubva kune yekutanga iyo isati yave nezvinangwa zvakakura, hombe ERP kana CRM, yakagadzirirwa kushandiswa kwemukati kana yemahara segore sevhisi yepasi rese , pane zvimwe zvinogara zvichinetsa.

Imwe yeanonyanya kukosha, pasina mubvunzo, ndeye Dhata bhengi. Ndichachengeta kupi data resevhisi nyowani iyi? Sarudzo isiriyo pakutanga kweiyo bhizinesi inogona kudhura chaizvo uye, kazhinji, ndizvo. Mhinduro chaiyo ndeiyi: Izvo zvinoenderana!

Panogona kunge pasina mhinduro yakakwana, fomula yemashiripiti, bhangi reruzivo rinoonekwa serakakwana kune chero rudzi rweapp, uye hapana chaicho. Imwe neimwe app ine zvayo, bhajeti rayo, timu yayo yehunyanzvi, tariro yayo.

Kune huwandu hwezvinhu pamusika, kubva kune yakavhurika sosi zvigadziriso, kuburikidza nevakasimbiswa uye vakabudirira vatungamiriri vemusika, uye pakupedzisira kune database-se-a-sevhisi sarudzo, zvese zvine hukama uye NoSQL.

Pane "michato" yakajairwa, senge web apps yakagadzirwa muPHP ine MySQL database, Microsoft tekinoroji ine C # kana VB .Net ine SQL Server uye isu tichiri kunzwa kuti kune yakakura mavhoriyamu e data mhinduro chete yakanaka yekare Oracle. .

Ikozvino ndashanda seDBA pamapurojekiti akavhenganisa tekinoroji yakati wandei, uye takakwanisa kuwana mibairo mikuru sezvo isu takashandisa maratidziro echigadzirwa chimwe nechimwe, tichizviparadzanisa isu kubva kune aya akajairwa mapoka. Kureva muenzaniso wenyaya, takagadzira uye-zvakare-commerce inotengesa online tutorials, senge uye-ku-kudzidza inoshandisa izvi zvirimo, muPHP ine yekutanga ruzivo bank muSQL Server 2012 uye kushandisa mamwe makore masevhisi kubva kuAmazon. -AWS, senge NoSQL uye caching matekinoroji.

Kunyangwe nenhamba yakakura yetekinoroji nyowani uye zvinyorwa zvinoratidzwa zuva rega rega, kana zvasvika kune dhatabhesi, shanduko haisi kuitika nekukurumidza sekuronga mitauro uye mamwe masevhisi emakore, webhu system yakagadzirwa makore gumi apfuura uye imwe yakagadzirwa. nhasi ine zvivakwa zvakasiyana kwazvo, asi ruzivo rwebhangi ruchiri rwakafanana.

AWS, mutungamiri wepasi rose mucloud computing, anowanzo kurudzira kushandiswa kakawanda kwehukama dhatabhesi kune masisitimu ane vanosvika chiuru chevatengi, painodiwa kushandiswa kweNoSQL nehumwe matekinoroji. Yedu Amazon inopa akawanda evaridzi masevhisi pane akawanda mainterfaces. Iyo RDS dhatabhesi sevhisi inopa zvese kubva kune yakajairwa MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle uye SQL Server kunze kweMariaDB uye yayo-yakatarisana neMySQL kuita kwayo inonzi Aurora, iyo inofanirwa kunzwisisa. Kune zvakare nyanzvi masevhisi eDataWarehousing kana Big Data. AWS ine RedShift inotsigirwa nePostgreSQL uye mhinduro yayo yeHadoop, EMR.

Dzimwe hofori dzetekinoroji dzinokurudzirawo zvigadziriso zvedatabase zvakaita seMicrosoft nekushandiswa kweSQL Server paWindows Azure, kunze kwezvigadziko zvakagadzirirwa Hadoop, DataWarehouse uye NoSQL. SQL Server isutu yemaapps uye ine mhinduro mukati meBusiness Intelligence (BI).

Iyo sisitimu iri kuvakwa ine zvimwe zvakasarudzika, bhajeti, dhizaini, nhamba inofungidzirwa yevatengi, saizi yekutanga uye tarisiro yebudiriro, kudiwa kwekudzokorora, kuwanikwa kwepamusoro uye scalability, kushandiswa kwemamwe masevhisi anopfuura kugona kweinjini yebhangi yeruzivo rwechinyakare, pakati. dzimwe shanduko dzakawanda dzinofanirwa kuverengerwa pakusarudza tekinoroji ichashandiswa.

Iyo yakakura sisitimu, nhamba yevatengi uye saizi yedhatabhesi, iyo yakakura mukana wekushandisa akasiyana mamodheru panguva imwe chete, nemutemo wakagadzwa iyo yekutanga base ichiri hukama, nekushandiswa kweNoSQL dhatabhesi uye cache nzira mundangariro, kudzokorora, yechipiri replicas. kuitira backup nezvinangwa zvekubika, kusanganisa nemasisitimu enhaka, uye dzimwe nguva maapplication echipiri, kusanganisira kupinda pasina Indaneti.

Mune zvigadzirwa zvinotevera ini ndinoda kusimbisa izvo zvakanyanya kukosha mapoinzi, ita kuenzanisa pakati pemamwe mamodheru uye nekupa mamwe kurudziro zvichienderana nezviitiko chaizvo.

Pasinei nechisarudzo chakasarudzwa, hutano hwevanyanzvi vanobatanidzwa mukuita huchasarudza kunaka kwechigumisiro chekupedzisira. Kuisa "inotevera -> inotevera -> kupera" kana kushandiswa kwemhando dzakanyanya kukosha pamusika, asi pasina kushandiswa kwemaitiro akanakisa ane chekuita nekuita, chengetedzo, kuvimbika uye zvimwe zvakatemwa, zvichave chikonzero chakachengeteka kubva mukukundikana.

Pakupera kwezuva, vanhu vanogara vari yakanakisa tekinoroji pasevhisi yechero rudzi rwebhizinesi. Vanokwanisa, vakadzidziswa uye vakakurudzirwa nyanzvi, ichi ndicho chakavanzika chekubudirira kwemakambani akabudirira kwazvo munyika.

Kusvikira nguva inotevera!

Tommy Banks
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