The Ultimate Guide kune Agricultural Drones

Sezvo mamwe maindasitiri mazhinji achitsvaga azvino asi ekugadzira mhinduro dzekusimudzira, kushanda nesimba uye mamwe matambudziko, drone tekinoroji yave kuwanda mukusarudzwa kwakawanda kwemaindasitiri. Muchokwadi, kushandiswa kwemadrones ekurima kwakawedzera munguva pfupi yapfuura.

Mukurima, mamiriro ekunze haatarisike, matambudziko ekudiridza, kudzora tupukanana uye kunyangwe kukanganiswa kwehutano hwezvirimwa zvine mukana wekuva nemhedzisiro yakakura pakutarisira nekubudirira kwekushanda.

Kunyange nzira dzenguva dzose dzekugadzirisa nyaya idzi dzichiripo, dzinodhura, dzinotora nguva, kazhinji dzinokuvadza nharaunda, uye dzinoremedza munhu wese anobatanidzwa.

Drones dzekurima dzinopa mukana wakasarudzika wekuita kuti basa riwedzere kunonoka munzira dzakawanda, kubvisa mutoro kune varimi ivo pachavo nekuuisa mutarisi wevatyairi vedrone.

Nei drone dzekurima dzakarurama?

Pakati pematambudziko ari kuramba achioma ari kutarisana nemaindasitiri ezvekurima kuita sarudzo dzakakodzera dzinoita kuti minda ibudirire. Kutsoropodza kusinganzwisisike pamusoro pemabatiro ezvirimwa kuti uwane kuita kwakanakisa kuri kudonha.

Kufambira mberi kwetekinoroji uye kubatanidzwa kwemadrones ezvekurima kuri kuwana budiriro inoshamisa mune inozivikanwa seyekurima chaiyo.

Kutenda kuunganidzwa kwedata kunopihwa nemadrones, ikozvino zvinogoneka kuwedzera kushanda kweminda, kunze kwekutonga mapurazi zvakanyanya zvakanyanya, kutonga, kuwedzera kune izvi, kurwisana kwezvakatipoteredza.

Kushandiswa kwemadrones mune zvekurima

Kushandiswa kwemadrones mukurima chikamu chemaitiro matsva ekushandisa matekinoroji anotungamira mukuita zvekurima izvo zvinobvumira varimi kuvandudza mafambiro avo uye kushandisa zvinhu zvakanyanya.

Drones vane sarudzo yakawanda yekushandiswa mune zvekurima, zvisinei, kushandiswa kwavo kukuru ndiko kuwanikwa kwemashoko akatsanangurwa zvakanyanya kuburikidza nekushandiswa kwemasensa akasiyana.

Iyi data inogona kushandurwa kuita mhando dzakasiyana dzemepu uye 3D modhi yenzvimbo, mepu idzi dzinogona kushandiswa kuongorora hutano hwezvirimwa, kunyevera nezvehutano husina kunaka uye kushushikana kwezvirimwa uye zvakare kuona kusagadzikana kwekudiridza. .

Kumwe kushandiswa kutsva kwedrones kupfapfaidza mhando dzemakemikari ekurwisa zvirwere netumbuyu, zvakaita sekuparadzira fetereza nekudyara mbeu.

5 mabhenefiti ekushandisa drones dzekurima

Kushandiswa kwemadrones ekurima chaiko kunohwina zvakawanda nekuda kwekugona kwayo kupa ruzivo rwechizvino-zvino nekukurumidza uye nemazvo.

Panguva ino ngationgororei kuti drones inogona kushandiswa sei kurima zvakanyanya kunyanya.

Kumbira zvakare yakanakisa tutori yevatyairi vedrone.

1. Kufungidzira mamiriro evhu

drone ichiita mepu yemuchadenga

Kurima zvine hunyanzvi kunovimba nedata, zvichibvumira varimi kutora matanho zvichienderana neruzivo rwechokwadi nezvemamiriro evhu. Kubvisa iyi data ikozvino kwave kusanganisa kushanya kwemuviri kumunda uye kuunganidzwa kwemametric pamaoko.

Yakashongedzwa neanokwanisa ma sensors ekurima, ma drones ane kugona kunyora uye kuendesa iyi data; Izvo hazvina kutaura kuti ivo zvakare vane mukana wekuzviita zvakanyanya nekukurumidza uye nemazvo.

2. Kudyara zvirimwa zvemangwana

drones dzekurima dzichidyara mbeu dzekudyara

Ivhu rakagadzirirwa kudyarwa uye drone inodonhedza mbeu mariri, pachinzvimbo chekushandisa nzira dzekudyara dzechinyakare. Kushandisa drones kudyara mbeu kutsva, asi mamwe makambani ari kuyedza nzira iyi.

3. Kurwisa utachiona uye tupukanana

DJI phantom 4 drone ichiita mepu yemuchadenga yezvipembenene nezvirwere

Drones dzekurima hadzingogone kutaurira mamiriro evhu kune varimi vachishandisa tekinoroji yekupisa, multispectral, uye hyperspectral, asi vanewo kugona kunyevera nzvimbo dzemunda dzakabatwa nesora, hutachiona, uye zvipembenene.

Kubva pane iyi data, varimi vane simba rekusarudza kuenzanisa kwakanyatsonaka kwemaitiro chaiwo emakemikari kurwisana nehutachiona uye kwete kungobatsira kuderedza mari, asiwo kubatsira kuvandudza hutano mumunda.

4. Agricultural fumigation

drone ichipfapfaidza chirimwa

Mapurazi anokwanisa zvakare anoshandisa drone pakupfapfaidza zvekurima, zvichibatsira kudzikamisa kusangana kwevanhu nefetereza, mishonga yezvipembenene, nemamwe makemikari anokuvadza.

Drones vane mukana wekuita basa iri nekukurumidza uye nemazvo kupfuura mota nendege; Iwo zvakare akanakisa imwe sarudzo yemapurazi achiri kushandisa basa remaoko.

Drones zvakare haidzoreki kana zvasvika kune hutongi hwakashata. Ivo vane mukana wekuona nzvimbo dzine hutachiona nema sensors uye makamera uye voshanda pazviri vachisiya chikamu chine hutano chemunda chakasimba. Izvi hazvisi kungochengetedza nguva uye zvinowedzera kuchengeteka, asi zvinobatsirawo kuchengetedza mari.

5. Kutarisira zvirimwa

kuongororwa kwembesa muminda uchishandisa drones

Minda yekurima inozadza nzvimbo dzakakura uye kazhinji hazvigoneke kufungidzira mamiriro ezvirimwa.

Kuburikidza nekushandiswa kwemadrones ekugadzira mepu yekurima, varimi vanokwanisa kugara vachiziva nezvehutano hwezvirimwa mune imwe nzvimbo uye zvakare kuona kuti ndedzipi nzvimbo dzemunda dzinoda kutariswa.

Kuongorora mamiriro ezvirimwa, madrones anotarisisa munda nemakamera e infrared uye kuona mwero wekunyudzwa kwemwenje. Neruzivo rwechokwadi, nekukasira, varimi vanogona kutora matanho ekusimudzira hutano hwezvirimwa chero kupi.

Mhando dzema drones anoshandiswa mukurima

Drones dzekurima dzinouya mumhando mbiri, fixed-wing drones uye multicopter. Fixed-wing drones akanyanya kusimba, anokwanisa kumira nemamiriro ekunze akaomarara, uye kazhinji ane nguva yakarebesa yekubhururuka kupfuura propeller drones. Zvisinei, zvidhori zvemapapiro zvinodhura zvakanyanya uye magadzirirwo azvo anoda kuti ive nenzvimbo yakakura yekusimuka nekumhara.

Multicopter drones inonyanya kuenderana, iri nyore kubhururuka, uye yakachipa zvakanyanya pane yakagadziriswa-mapapiro drones.

Drones ine propeller haingove nemukana wekushandiswa kwephotogrammetry, asi dhizaini yavo inobvumirawo kuti ishandiswe kunyatsopfapfaidza mishonga yezvipembenene, mafetireza uye kunyangwe kudyara.

Ona zvakare kuti ndiani akagadzira drones

DJI Phantom 4 RTK

DJI phantom 4 rtk uye controller

Iyo DJI Phantom 4 RTK ndeye drone inoshandisa Real Time Kinematics (RTK) tekinoroji. Iyi modhi yekumisikidza inoibvumira kushandiswa kugadzira mepu uye nemazvo ekurima maapplication.

Iyo drone inogona kubhururuka kusvika maminetsi makumi matatu, ine nhandare yekushanda inosvika 30 km, uye inotora mifananidzo pa7MP.

Iyo drone hombe ye 3D minda yekurima mepu uye modhi uye inogona kupa centimita-nhanho chaiyo iyo inobatsira kuverenga zvirimwa, kuyera kureba kwechirimwa uye kuenderana, uye zvakare kuongorora hutano hwechirimwa.


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Ona pa amazon.com

DJI Aggra T30

DJI agra t30

Iyi idrone yekurima yakagadziridzwa yekufirita zvirimwa. Iine simba re 30L uye ine nguva yakawanda yekubhururuka kwemaminetsi gumi nemashanu (zvichienderana nemutoro).

inogona kufukidza mahekita gumi nemaviri muawa uye inouya neinomwaya mvura yakavandudzwa uye inouya ne12 nozzles ine yekusprinkler yakafara yemamita manomwe.

Iyo drone inogona kushandiswa kupfapfaidza, kuisa fetereza uye kunyange kurima. Yakagadzirwa kuti ibhururuke mumamiriro ekunze asina kunaka uye inogona kubhururuka zvese masikati neusiku uye ine yepamberi zvipingamupinyi inodzivirira hurongwa hwekubhururuka kwakachengeteka.


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DJI Aggra T16

dji agra t16

Iyo ine hukama neT30 asi ine mubhadharo wemarita gumi nematanhatu, inogona kuongorora mahekita gumi muawa uye inouya neRTK GNSS tekinoroji uye kudzivirira zvipingamupinyi zvepamberi.


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Mhedziso

Indasitiri yezvekurima iri kushandisa nzira dzekurima dzinokwanisa, dzechokwadi dzenzira dzekutanga dzekuwedzera goho, kuderedza mitengo nekuvandudza hutano hwezvirimwa.

Drones vari kuita zvakanaka mune zvekurima, uye maitiro aya angangoenderera mberi sezvo tekinoroji yedrone iri kuwedzera kushandiswa muindasitiri yezvekurima.

Tommy Banks
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