Macrographic Essays: Zvishandiso, Matekiniki uye Zvakavanzika zveMacrophotography

Echo Dot Smart Mutauri

Pane izwi raikura pakati pevateveri vemifananidzo, uye izwi iri rine zita rinopfuura rimwe chete: macro photography, macro kutora mifananidzo kana macro photography. Chero zita, ihunyanzvi mumunda wekutora mifananidzo unowana vateveri uye unounza mhedzisiro inonakidza.

Makamera ari kujairana nazvo uye musika uri kuchinjawo nekuda kwema macro mafoto, ayo anonyanya kushandiswa kutora hunhu.

Chii chinonzi macro photography?

Kuti tipokane kuti macro mafoto chii, ngatitangei nekupa mhinduro pane ichi chimiro. Izwi iri rinoitika kana, kunyanya, mufananidzo unobata chinhu uye fungidziro yacho pafirimu zvakaenzana. Iyi tekinoroji inoitirwa kuratidza iyo yakakura chikamu che data inoshanda mumufananidzo.

Iwe unoziva here parizvino kuti uchiri kuona antennae yechipembenene ichifananidzirwa? Ichi ndicho chinangwa chikuru che macro mafoto. Iyo yakawanda tekinoroji yemuenzaniso kesi: kana iyo firimu iri 35mm, saizi yekupedzisira yemufananidzo ingave mureshiyo 24 x 36mm.

Macro kutora mifananidzo, zvisinei, inyanzvi inodhura zvakanyanya, inotsamira pane yakati wandei yemidziyo. Pamusoro peizvi, iwe unofanirwa kuve pedyo zvakanyanya nechinhu chauri kuyedza kutora mufananidzo. Kune compact makamera ane macro function. Mukati mako, chinhu chekufarira chichave chakatarisana kubva 5 masendimita kure, kana kunyange zvishoma!

mumakamera DSLR, iyo shoma chinhambwe chakanangana nekamera lenzi. Kune zvakare maitiro echinyakare apo iwe unogona kushandura lens uye mhedzisiro yacho yakanaka chaizvo. Kuti uite izvi, sunungura lens kubva pane kamera uye zvakare dzosera kumashure kuti uswedere kune chinhu chaunoda kutora mufananidzo.

Chii chinodiwa kune macrographic bvunzo?

Chii chinodiwa kune macrographic bvunzo?

Iyo macrophotography bvunzo, zvisinei, haisi nyore. Pane akati wandei mapoinzi aunofanira kuterera kuti utore mufananidzo wakanaka. Chekutanga, kuvheneka chinhu chakakosha, sezvo nzira iyi ichinyanya kutsamira pane data rechinhu chakaratidzwa. Saka kuvheneka kwakakosha.

Tevere, funga nezve kudzika kwemunda, inovawo chinhu chakakosha chekutarisisa. Kudzama kwakanangana nemaitiro chaiwo echinhu. Pfungwa yechitatu, nenzira, inewo zvakawanda zvekuita nechechipiri: zvinyorwa zvechipiri zvemufananidzo.

Kana iwe uri kutora mafoto chinhu mune nyika ine zvimwe zvinhu kumashure, zvakakosha kuti utarise kune izvi nekuti ivo vane mukana wekupa inoshanda uye yakanaka chaizvo chimiro kune yekupedzisira mhedzisiro yemufananidzo. Nekudaro, ramba wakatarira uye ita shuwa kuti izvi zvechipiri zvinhu hazvipindi munzira yemufananidzo wako.

Nokuda kweizvi, kusvibiswa kwemashure kwakakosha kukwevera zvakanyanya kutarisa kune chinhu chikuru chemufananidzo. Iyo kamera, mumamiriro ezvinhu akadaro, inopinda muchiitiko, nepo kugadzirisa kunongoshanda pamakamera chaiwo, kwaunodzora kuvhura kwelens. Shandisa nhamba diki yemahara.

Mune makamera asina kujeka kwairi, kune macro function, iyo inoita kuti ichi chigadziriswe otomatiki. Mimvuri zvakare ine mukana wekukanganisa mhedzisiro yemufananidzo, saka chengeta izvo mupfungwa zvakare. Izvi zvinoitika nekuda kwekuswedera kwechinhu chinoda nzira iyi, iyo vane mukana wekuratidza zvakasara.

Saizvozvowo, kuumba chidzidzo chako zvakare chinhu chakakosha chekutarisa: tsvaga nzvimbo dzakasviba, dzakapenya dzinokwanisa kusaenderana nechidzidzo chako. Ese aya data akanyorwa ane mukana wekuve akakosha kuitira kuti mhedzisiro yekutora macro yako yakakosha.

Kugadzirira macrographic test

Kugadzirira macrographic test

Kugadzirira chinyorwa chekutora mifananidzo kwakakosha. Zvinhu zvakati wandei zvinodikanwa, saka ziva uye tarisa zvese usati wabva pamba kuti usapotsa rwendo rwekuenda kunzvimbo yekutandarira. Zvino, isu tichanyora mapoinzi akakosha aunoda kutsanangura pane yekutora mafoto usati watanga kutora mifananidzo.

As the tarisa Izvo zvakakosha papfuti uye kune yekupedzisira mhedzisiro yemufananidzo, iwe uchada katatu, iyo inokutendera kuti ugadzirise kamera yako pane yakatarwa poindi usati wapfura. Saizvozvo, iwe unozogona kusarudza iyo inoshamisa furemu uye hauzosiiwe uine yakakura kamera uye kukanganisa iyo yakakosha foto.

Tevere, iwe unofanirwa kuunza kamera yako, hongu. Ivo vane mukana wekuve chaiwo makamera ekutora macro mafoto kana kwete, asi teerera kutora kamera iyo inokuunzira iwe unoshamisa mhedzisiro. Pano, iwe uchafanirwa kushandura zvinhu zvakakosha sekutarisa, kuumba, reverse lens, shutter kumhanya, aperture, nezvimwe.

Pamusoro peizvi, hunza magirazi ako. Vane mukana wekuunza mhedzisiro dzakasiyana, saka zvakanaka kuongorora malenzi akasiyana mukati mebvunzo. Neiyi nzira, iwe uchawana akati wandei anoshamisa mhedzisiro uye iwe unozogona kusarudza yakanyanya kunaka mukupedzisira.

Mune zvimwe zviitiko, iwe unozofanirwawo kuunza flash mudziyo kubva kunze, sezvo mwenje wechisikigo ungave usina kukwana. Madhiramu ekuwedzera anewo mukana wekunyatso batsira: anofanirwa kuiswa pakati pe lens nekamera, iyo inopawo mhedziso inoratidzira.

Mamwe makamera acharamba achida inodzoreredza adapta mhete uye mabhero ekuwedzera. Zvese zvezvigadzirwa izvi zvine mukana wekuve chaiwo, saka ramba wakatarira pane zvese zvaunoda kuunza uye usarasikirwa nemugumisiro wakanaka wekupedzisira wechikamu chako chekutora mifananidzo.

Vhara X macro mafoto

Vhara X macro mafoto

Macro mafoto uye yepedyo-kumusoro mazwi maviri anoshandiswa zvakanyanya munyika yemifananidzo uye anoita kunge akafanana, asi iwo maviri ane mutsauko unokurumidza. Mumamiriro ezvinhu ekutora macro mafoto, sezvatakatsanangudza pano, chifananidzo chinotorwa nekutarisa pane diki data, asi nenzira yakawedzera kukwidziridzwa, nekubatanidza kwakaringana uye lenzi zveizvi.

Mupfuti yekutanga, lenzi yakangofanana, asi foto inotorwa nelenzi yehurefu hwakakura hwekutarisa. Mune mamwe mazwi, iyo inotarisisa inoshandura nguva yaunosvika pachinhu uye uchafanirwa kufambisa kamera kusvika wawana kupinza kusingaite.

Saka chinangwa chakanyatsofanana, asi maitiro akasiyana, mutsauko mukuru uri iwo magnification kamera.

Chaiyo midziyo uye zvishongedzo.

Chekupedzisira, ngatinyorei michina inodiwa kuita macrophotography bvunzo:

  • Tripod
  • Camera
  • Magirazi emeso
  • kunze kupenya
  • kuwedzera masilinda
  • Inverted lens adapter ring
  • kuwedzera mabhero

Mhedziso

Macro kutora mifananidzo inyanzvi yakanaka, kunyanya kana iwe uchida mafoto ane akasiyana data. Dhata ndiyo inoumba hupenyu hwevanhu, saka kuratidza kuti mumufananidzo kunotoda rudo. Teerera kune iyo data uye dzidza zvakanyanya, inogona kuve yakakosha setsika uye kunyangwe sechinhu chehunyanzvi.

Makafarira chinyorwa chedu here? Wakadzidza chimwe chinhu? Siya mhinduro yako pazasi!

unogona kuzvifarirawo

Tommy Banks
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