Maitiro ekuita mepu yedrone mumatanho matatu

Matanho matatu akakosha ekuita zvakanaka drone mepu kuronga ndege, kutora mifananidzo uye kugadzirisa mifananidzo.

Asi usati waita mepu nema drones, pane nhanho yapfuura, inova yekupindura mubvunzo: sei iwe uchida kuita iyi mepu?

Izvo zvese zvinotanga nemutengi ane dambudziko, raunogona kugadzirisa nekuita mepu yedrone. Saka chete kana mepu iyi ichigona kugadzirisa dambudziko iri zvine musoro kuzviita.

Saka, kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezve maitiro ekuita mepu yedrone, ramba uchiverenga chinyorwa ichi!

Maitiro ekuita mepu yedrone mumatanho matatu?

Danho 1: Kuronga Ndege

Kuronga kubhururuka kwe drone kunoitwa muapp

Zvichienderana nedambudziko richagadziriswa, izvo zvinodikanwa izvo mepu inofanirwa kuve nazvo zvinogadziriswa. Uye maererano nezvinodiwa izvi, kufungidzira kuronga ndege kunofanira kuitwa.

Mimwe yemibvunzo inoda kupindurwa ndeiyi:

  • Ndeipi drone inofanira kushandiswa?
  • Ndeipi kamera yaunofanira kushandisa?
  • Mangani mabhatiri anodiwa?

Zvirongwa zvekuronga zvinosanganisira zvinotevera:

  • Ndeipi nzvimbo yekubhururuka?
  • Unofanira kubhururuka kusvika papi?
  • Ndeipi sarudzo inofanira kutorwa mifananidzo?
  • Iyo drone inofanira kubhururuka nekukurumidza sei?
  • Ndeipi nzvimbo yekuzorora?
  • Ndeipi nzvimbo yekumhara?

Uye kuti upindure mibvunzo iyi, unofanira kushandisa imwe nzira inokubvumira kuti upindure imwe neimwe yadzo zvichitevedzana, kuitira kuti utsanangure chikamu chimwe nechimwe chekuronga kwendege kutora mifananidzo.

Sango muenzaniso.

Ngatimbotii mutengi wemasango anoda kugadzira a drone mepu kuenzanisa nhamba yemiti pane 100-hectare pfuma ye 20-mita-yakakwirira mapaini, uye apo ivhu kubva kumagumo kusvika kumagumo ane mawere e10 degrees.

Muchiitiko ichi, mibvunzo yakawanda inomuka, kusanganisira:

  • Ko RGB kamera inoshanda here? Kana kuti ine multispectral kamera?
  • Ndeipi sarudzo inofanira kuva nemifananidzo kuitira kuverenga miti?
  • Indege ngani dzandinofanira kutora kuti ndivhare pasi rese?
  • Kukwidza kwendege kunokanganisa sei kuronga kwendege?
  • Ndinosarudza sei nzvimbo dzekusimuka uye dzekumhara?

Kana tave nemhinduro idzi, zvinokwanisika kuita hurongwa hwendege hwakakodzera.

Unogonawo kufarira drones dzakanakisa dzekuongorora

Danho 2: Mhanyai Ndege

Drone nhema ichibhururuka mudenga rebhuruu mangwanani nemuti kumashure

Nhanho yechipiri ndeyekuitwa kwezvirongwa zvendege kutora mifananidzo pasi.

Pakusvika pasi, zvinotanga kudikanwa kuita ongororo yekutanga munzvimbo ichaitwa nendege, kuona matambudziko anogona kuitika anokanganisa kuurayiwa kwendege (miti mirefu, shongwe dzemagetsi, antenna, nezvimwewo).

Yechipiri ndeyekuita gadziriro pasi, iyo inosanganisira kusvika panzvimbo yakatsanangurwa senzvimbo yekutanga, kugadzirira drone, mabhatiri, kukwira kamera uye kusiya zvese zvakagadzirira kutanga kwekutanga. ndege.

Chinhu chechitatu kutanga maitiro ekutora mifananidzo uye kuita ndege dzakarongwa nhanho nhanho.

Muenzaniso wekurima.

Mutengi wekurima anoda kuongorora mamiriro ehutano hwechirimwa cheblueberry che60-hectare, icho chinogoverwa munzvimbo mbiri dzakaparadzaniswa ne2 kilometer. Nzvimbo A ine mahekita makumi maviri uye nzvimbo B ine mahekita makumi mashanu.

Muchikamu chakapfuura, zvakasarudzwa kushandisa multirotor drone ine mutsara wemaminitsi e20 uye kamera yakasiyana-siyana kuverenga NDVI index.

Zvinoenderana nehurongwa hwemitsara yekubhururuka, kuronga kwakakonzera kuti ndege nhatu dziitwe:

  • 1 ndege kuenda kunzvimbo A yemahekita makumi maviri
  • 2 ndege kuenda kunzvimbo B yemahekita makumi mashanu

Kune idzi ndege nhatu, mabhatiri matatu achashandiswa uye kureba kwendege kunotangwa kuitira kuti kamera itore mifananidzo ine resolution ye 3 centimita papixel.

Danho 3: Image Processing

Kugadziriswa kwemifananidzo kunoitwa nedrone

Kudzokera kuhofisi, danho rekugadzirisa mufananidzo rinotanga, iyo mifananidzo yakatorwa muchikamu chechipiri inodiwa.

Huwandu hwemifananidzo yakatorwa kugadzira mepu ichaenderana ne:

  • The surface to cover
  • kureba kwendege
  • resolution yekamera

Semuyenzaniso, tomboti kuvhara nzvimbo ye20 hectares, 400 mifananidzo yakatorwa neRGB kamera.

Iyi mifananidzo inoda kuendeswa kune imwe software yekugadzirisa mifananidzo iyo inogona kutora maawa kuti igadzirise mepu nekuda kweiyo yakakwira hardware zviwanikwa.

Muchiitiko ichi, 2 inonyanya kusarudzwa ndeiyi:

  • Shandisa software yekugadzirisa yakaiswa pane hardware yemunharaunda
  • Isa iyo mifananidzo kune imwe online processing service

Zvose zvingasarudzwa ne motokari dzomuchadenga vane zvakanakira nekuipira, uye kusarudzwa kweimwe nzira iri nyore kunoenderana nezvinodiwa zvekutanga.

Kana mepu yagadzirwa, nhanho 3 yapera.

Kunyangwe matanho matatu aya akarerutswa, ndiwo hwaro hwekuvaka mepu yakanaka. Uye kungoenda kumberi, kune nhanho yekuongorora mifananidzo, umo mepu inoongororwa kuti ibudise ruzivo rwaidiwa nemutengi pakutanga.

Tommy Banks
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