Ndezvipi zvakanakira kuongorora drone?

Drones yakamhara makore mashoma apfuura muzvidzidzo zvakabatanidzwa seinjiniya, kuvaka uye kuongorora, zvichimiririra shanduko yechokwadi munzira dzakawanda. Kutaura zvazviri, the drone kuongorora ine zvakawanda zvinofadza zvinobatsira.

Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezve zvakanakira drone kuongorora, ramba uchiverenga chinyorwa ichi kuti uwane rumwe ruzivo!

Ndezvipi zvakanakira kuongorora drone?

1. Basa rimwe chete munguva shoma

Kuunganidza data ne drone kunokurumidza kupfuura nemaitiro echinyakare ekuongorora ari pasi. Semuenzaniso, boka revanhu vaviri rinogona kutora chero kupi zvako kubva pamazuva makumi maviri kusvika pamwedzi kuunganidza data yemahekita 20.

Pane kudaro, zvinongotora zuva rimwe chete kubhururutsa drone pakati pe500 ne1000 mahekita, zvichienderana nekuwana ivhu. Muchidimbu, nguva yekuendesa kune mutengi yakaderedzwa zvakanyanya.

2. Mari inoderedzwa

Kuderedzwa kwenguva yekushanda kune kukanganisa pakuderera kwemari yeprojekiti. Basa reTopographic rinogona kuitwa pasina kuvhara migwagwa kana matinji echitima, kutora data pakufamba, izvo zvinoshandura mumitengo yakaderera yesangano uye yezvirongwa.

3. Inosvika munzvimbo dzakaoma-kusvika

Nzvimbo dzisingasvikike nekuda kwemamiriro enzvimbo, kana nehupamhi hwengozi, isingakodzeri maturusi ekuyeresa echinyakare, anogona kupeperetswa ne drone zviri nyore uye zvakachengeteka.

4. Njodzi dzomunhu oga dzinodziviswa

Kuunganidzwa kwedata kubva kunzvimbo dzekupinda kwakaoma (nzvimbo dzakatenuka, zvikomo ...) kuburikidza nedrone inoita kuti vashandisi vashande zvakachengeteka, zvichideredza zvakanyanya njodzi yebasa ravo.

5. Detailed graphic information

Nerubatsiro rwema drones, yakanyanya kugadziriswa, georeferenced uye nekukasira kuwanikwa mifananidzo inogona kuwanikwa. Kana yangogadziriswa nephotogrammetry software, ivo vanogona kuburitsa mhando dzemazvo uye zvakadzama.

Iyo data inogadzirwa inogona zvakare kuendeswa kune chero software yeCAD, saka mainjiniya nevavaki vanogona kutanga kushanda nekukurumidza kubva ku3D modhi.

6. Mamwe mashoko akarurama

Tiine zviteshi zvakazara uye GPS yakajairwa isu tinogona chete kuwana discrete data, nekubhururuka kwe drone iwe unogona kutora ruzivo rwese rwenzvimbo, uchiwana gobvu gore remapoinzi (anenge zana mapoinzi pa cubic mita).

Iyi yakawanda ye data inoguma mune zviyero zvakanyatsorongeka zvinogona kumiririrwa mumhando dzakasiyana siyana.

Onawo: Pamusoro 6 drones yekuongorora

Chii chinonzi drones chinoshandiswa pakuongorora?

Drone chena pedyo nemuchina wekuongorora une makomo kumashure mune zvitema nemachena

Iyo drone yave chishandiso chakakosha pakuongorora. Nechinyakare, vaongorori vaivimba nezvishandiso zvakaita sezviteshi zvakazara, vanogamuchira GPS, uye pasi laser scanners kuti vawane yakakwirira-resolution spatial data yetopographic ongororo.

Asi nekuenderera mberi kwekufambira mberi kweiyo drone tekinoroji mumakore achangopfuura, ivo vava chishandiso chikuru chekushandisa pakuongorora.

Drone mepu inoshandisa nzira inonzi photogrammetry kugadzira echokwadi uye echokwadi 3D modhi kubva kumifananidzo ye2D.

Nekubatanidza uye kugadzirisa akawanda georeferenced emuchadenga mifananidzo, photogrammetry inogona kuburitsa kubuda senge 3D point makore, kukwirira kwedhijitari, uye orthomosaic modhi.

Imwe yemashandisirwo makuru ezvishandiso zvidiki izvi mukuongorora kugadzira kwematatu-dimensional topographic mepu.

Aya mamepu e3D anogadzirwa kubva kumifananidzo uye data yakaunganidzwa nemadrones, ayo akanyanya kunaka uye akadzama kupfuura ayo akagadzirwa nemaitiro echinyakare.

Uye ndezvekuti, pamusoro pekuwana kuvharika kwakawanda uye kuzviita nekumhanya kwakawanda, ma drones anogona kuunganidza ruzivo rwakawanda.

Uye izvo, pamwe chete nemifananidzo yakatorwa nenyanzvi dzetopography, zvinoreva kuti kana ruzivo rwese rwagadziriswa, mepu dzekupedzisira dzine mwero wekukanganisa.

Kune rumwe rutivi, mukuronga kwemabasa makuru evanhu zvakakosha kunyatsodzidza nzvimbo kuti ichinje, uye nerubatsiro rwe drones izvi zvinogona kuitwa zvakanyanya nokukurumidza uye zvakarurama.

Chekupedzisira, masisitimu aya achabatsirawo zvakanyanya mukugadzirisa registry mune imwe nzvimbo.

Hutongi hweveruzhinji hunofanirwa kunge huri kutungamira kuongororwa nguva nenguva kweregistry, maitiro angatora nguva yakareba pasina rubatsiro rwema drones. Pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, ivo vachabatsira kuona kuvakwa kusati kwaziviswa pasina kukwezva zvakanyanya.

Onawo: Maitiro ekuita mepu yedrone mumatanho matatu

Mhedziso: Iyo drone sechishandiso chakakosha chetopography

Drone chena ichibhururuka pamusoro pemugwagwa nemiti kumashure

Muchidimbu, ma drones anhasi ave chishandiso chakanyanya kukosha kune vanoongorora uye vari kuwedzera kuzadzisa kana kutsiva akawanda nzira dzekuongorora.

Mamwe madhiri ekuongorora epamusoro, akadai seiyo DJI Phantom 4 RTK, akagonesa vanoongorora kuti vawane centimita-level data ine mashoma ekutarisa.

Nerubatsiro rwesimba rekunyora dhizaini senge DJI Terra, 2D orthomosaics uye 3D modhi inogona kugadzirwa nekunyanya kurongeka, uye kuyerwa kwehunyanzvi vanogona kuwana mhedzisiro yemhando inodiwa kumapurojekiti akakosha.

Tommy Banks
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