Ukususa njani ukufomatha kwitafile kwi-Excel?

IMicrosoft Excel sisicelo esisetyenziswa kakhulu kushishino nakwimfundo ukwenza izibalo, uhlalutyo, kunye nokuboniswa kwedatha. Enye yeempawu ezibalaseleyo ze-Excel kukukwazi ukwenza nokulawula iitafile. Kweli nqaku, siza kuphonononga ukuba zeziphi iitafile kwi-Excel, zezantoni, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeetafile ezikhoyo.

Ziziphi iitheyibhile kwi-Excel?

Kwi-Excel, itheyibhile yiseti yedatha ehlelwe kwimigqa kunye neekholomu, apho ikholomu nganye ibonisa udidi kwaye umqolo ngamnye uqulethe ukungena okanye irekhodi yedatha. Iitheyibhile zivumela ukuguqulwa kwedatha okusebenzayo ngakumbi kunye nohlalutyo ngokubonelela ngesakhiwo esicacileyo nesihambelanayo.

Iitheyibhile kwi-Excel ziyakwazi ukwenzeka kakhulu kwaye zibonelela ngezinto ezininzi kunye nezixhobo zokusebenza ngedatha ngokufanelekileyo. Ngokuguqula uluhlu lwedatha kwitafile, unokufikelela kwiimpawu ezongezelelweyo ezenza kube lula ukuhluza, ukuhlela, kunye nokuhlalutya ulwazi.

Zeziphi iitheyibhile kwi-Excel?

Iitheyibhile kwi-Excel zinezicelo ezininzi kwaye ziluncedo kwiimeko ezahlukeneyo. Olunye lolona setyenziso luphambili lwetheyibhile zezi:

Umbutho kunye nolawulo lwedatha: Iitheyibhile zikuvumela ukuba uququzelele iiseti ezinkulu zedatha kwisakhiwo esifundeka lula. Ngezixhobo zokufomatha ezizenzekelayo ze-Excel, unokusebenzisa izimbo ezichazwe kwangaphambili kunye noyilo kwiitafile ukuphucula inkangeleko kunye nokufundeka kwazo.

Uhlalutyo lwedatha: Iitheyibhile zinika izixhobo ezinamandla zokuhlalutya idatha. Izihluzi zinokusetyenziswa ukubonisa kuphela iirekhodi ezihlangabezana nemilinganiselo ethile, okwenza kube lula ukuchonga iipateni kunye nentsingiselo. Ukongeza, iitheyibhile zinokuvelisa iigrafu ezizenzekelayo kunye nezishwankathelo zokujonga idatha ngokufanelekileyo.

Ulawulo lweDatabase: Iitheyibhile kwi-Excel zingasetyenziselwa ukudala nokulawula i-database elula. Imiqolo emitsha inokongezwa ekungenweni kwedatha, kwaye ukukhangela kunye nokuhlelwa kweempawu kukuvumela ukuba ufumane ngokukhawuleza kwaye ulungelelanise ulwazi.

Iintlobo zeetheyibhile kwi-Excel

Kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeetafile kwi-Excel ezihambelana neemfuno ezahlukeneyo:

iitafile eziqhelekileyo: Ziziitafile ezisisiseko kwi-Excel kwaye zingenziwa ngokwezifiso kunye nezitayela, iifomathi kunye neefomyula. Banikezela ngesakhiwo esicwangcisiweyo sokulungelelanisa kunye nokuhlalutya idatha.

Iitafile ezinamandla: Iitafile zePivot zizixhobo eziphambili ezikuvumela ukuba ushwankathele kwaye uhlalutye iiseti zedatha enkulu. Banikezela ngombono osisishwankathelo solwazi kwaye bavumele uhlalutyo lwe-multidimensional ngokuhlanganisa kunye nokucoca idatha.

Amatafula eenkcukacha: Ezi theyibhile zisetyenziselwa ukwenza uvakalelo kunye nohlalutyo lwemeko. Bakuvumela ukuba ufake amaxabiso ahlukeneyo kwiiseli ezithile kwaye ubone ukuba zichaphazela njani iziphumo.

Iitheyibhile kwiMicrosoft Excel sisixhobo esinamandla sokulungelelanisa, ukuhlalutya, kunye nokubona idatha. Ukukwazi kwabo ukulawula iiseti ezinkulu zolwazi ngokufanelekileyo, kunye nokuguquguquka kwabo kunye nokwenza ngokwezifiso, kubenza babe sisixhobo esiyimfuneko kwiingcali kunye nabafundi abasebenza ngedatha.

Ukususa njani ukufomatha kwitafile kwiMicrosoft Excel

IMicrosoft Excel sisixhobo esisebenza ngeendlela ezininzi nesinamandla solawulo nohlalutyo lwedatha. Enye yezona zinto zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwi-Excel kukudala iitafile, ezikuvumela ukuba uququzelele kwaye ubonise idatha ngokufanelekileyo.

Ukususa njani ukufomatha kwitafile kwi-Excel?

Nangona kunjalo, ngamanye amaxesha kuyafuneka ukususa ukufomatha kwitafile ukuze kusetyenzwe kwakhona idatha kwifomathi esisiseko. Kweli nqaku, siza kukubonisa indlela yokususa ukufomatha kwitafile kwiMicrosoft Excel.

Susa ukufomatha kwitafile

Ukungafomati itafile kwi-Excel yinkqubo ekhawulezayo nelula. Nanga amanyathelo ekufuneka uwalandele:

Inyathelo 1: Khetha itafile

Into yokuqala ekufuneka uyenzile kukukhetha itafile ofuna ukususa kuyo ukufomatha. Cofa nakweyiphi na iseli engaphakathi kwetafile, emva koko uye ku "Izixhobo zetafile" isithuba kwibar yesixhobo se-Excel. Le thebhu ivela ngokuzenzekelayo xa ukhetha itafile.

Inyathelo 2: Guqula itafile ibe kuluhlu

Nje ukuba ukhethe "iZixhobo zeTheyibhile" ithebhu, uya kubona iinketho ezininzi phezulu kwesikrini. Cofa iqhosha elithi "Guqula kwiRange" kwiqela le "Table Tools". Ukwenza njalo kuya kuvula ingxoxo ebuza ukuba ufuna ukugcina idatha kwitafile okanye uyicime.

Inyathelo 3: Gcina okanye ucime idatha kwitafile

KwiConvert Table to Range dialog, ungakhetha ukugcina okanye ukususa idatha kwitafile. Ukuba ukhetha "Gcina idatha kwitafile", i-Excel iyakususa ukufomatha kwitheyibhile kodwa ugcine idatha kunye neefomyula kuluhlu olukhethiweyo. Ukuba ukhetha "Susa idatha kwitheyibhile", i-Excel iya kususa zombini ukufomatha kunye nedatha kwitafile, iguqule ukhetho kuluhlu olusisiseko.

Inyathelo lesi-4: Qinisekisa isenzo

Nje ukuba ukhethe ukhetho olufunekayo, cofa kwiqhosha elithi "Kulungile" ukuqinisekisa isenzo. I-Excel iyakungafomati itafile kwaye isebenzise ifomati yeseli engagqibekanga kuluhlu olukhethiweyo. Ukuba ukhethe "Gcina iDatha yeTheyibhile" ukhetho, idatha yakho kunye neefomula ziya kuhlala kuluhlu ngaphandle kokufomatha kwetafile.

Izibonelelo zokususa ukufomatha kwitheyibhile

Ukususa ukufomatha kwitheyibhile kunokuba neenzuzo ezininzi:

Ukuguquguquka okukhulu: Ngokususa ukufomatha kwitafile, ungasebenza ngedatha ngokuguquguquka ngakumbi kwaye wenze utshintsho kufomato lweeseli ngaphandle kwezithintelo.

Ukwenza lula idatha: Ngokuguqula itafile kuluhlu olusisiseko, unokwenza lula ulwakhiwo lwedatha kwaye ususe ukusebenza okongeziweyo kwitheyibhile, njengeekholamu ezibaliweyo okanye imiqolo epheleleyo.

Ukuhambelana nezinye izicelo: Ngokususa ukufomatha kwitafile, ungathumela ngaphandle idatha kwezinye izicelo ngaphandle kwesidingo sokuyiguqulela kwifomati esisiseko.

Ukungafomati itafile kwiMicrosoft Excel yinkqubo elula neluncedo xa ufuna ukusebenza ngedatha yakho ngendlela esisiseko neguquguqukayo.

Tommy Banks
Tommy Banks

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