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Uke wezwa ngohlelo lokusebenza kodwa awazi ukuthi lusho ukuthini? Ngakho-ke, lapha e-TecnoBreak sizochaza ukuthi yini uhlelo lokusebenza.

Siyini isicelo?

Kukhompyutha, uhlelo lohlelo (olubizwa nangokuthi uhlelo lokusebenza, noma uhlelo lokusebenza ngamafuphi) wuhlelo lwekhompuyutha oluklanyelwe ukuphatha ngogesi inkambu ethile yomsebenzi womuntu.

Ngamafuphi, uhlelo lokusebenza alulutho ngaphandle kohlobo lwesofthiwe eklanyelwe ukwenza umsebenzi othile. Kodwa lusebenza kanjani uhlelo lokusebenza?

Uma usuvule uhlelo lokusebenza olunikeziwe, lusebenza kusistimu yokusebenza yedivayisi, luhlale ngemuva uze unqume ukuluvala. Nokho, isikhathi esiningi, izinhlelo zokusebenza eziningi ziyavulwa futhi zisebenze ngesikhathi esisodwa ukuze ukwazi ukwenza izinto eziningi ngesikhathi esisodwa (ku-computing jargon, leli khono elithile libizwa ngokuthi i-multitasking).

Ngakho, uhlelo lokusebenza yitemu elijwayelekile elisetshenziselwa ukubhekisela kuhlelo lokusebenza oluthile olusetshenziselwa ukwenza umsebenzi othile kudivayisi.

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Luyini uhlelo lwedeskithophu noma lwedeskithophu?

Kwesinye isikhathi uma kukhulunywa ngamadeskithophu namalaptop, izinhlelo zokusebenza zibizwa nangokuthi izinhlelo zokusebenza zedeskithophu. Kunezinhlelo zokusebenza eziningi zedeskithophu futhi, kuye ngesimo, zingaba ingxenye eyodwa noma esinye isigaba.

Ngokuvamile, kunezinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlinzeka ngemisebenzi eminingana ngesikhathi esisodwa (njenge-antivirus) kuyilapho ezinye zikwazi ukwenza into eyodwa noma ezimbili kuphela (njengesibali noma ikhalenda). Nokho, nazi izibonelo zezinhlelo zokusebenza zedeskithophu ezisetshenziswa kakhulu:

Izinhlelo zokusebenza ezaziwa ngokuthi ama-word processors, njenge-Word, ezivumela ikhompuyutha ukuthi "iguqulwe" ibe uhlobo lomshini wokubhala okungakhiwa ngawo imibhalo eyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu.

Izinhlelo zokusebenza ezikuvumela ukuthi uphequlule i-inthanethi, ezaziwa njengeziphequluli, njenge-Microsoft Internet Explorer, i-Google Chrome noma i-Mozilla Firefox.

Izinhlelo zokusebenza ezikuvumela ukuthi ubuke amavidiyo noma amamuvi, ulalele umsakazo kanye/noma umculo owuthandayo, kodwa futhi udale, uhlele noma uphathe izithombe nezithombe, ezaziwa nangokuthi izinhlelo zemultimedia.

Izinhlelo zokusebenza ezikuvumela ukuthi uthumele futhi wamukele imilayezo ye-imeyili nge-inthanethi, ngokuvamile aziwa ngokuthi amaklayenti e-imeyili.

Izinhlelo zokusebenza ezikuvumela ukuthi ujabule ngokuhlanganyela nekhompyutha yakho, ezibizwa ngokuthi imidlalo yevidiyo.

Luyini uhlelo lokusebenza lweselula?

Amakhompyutha, noma ngabe ideskithophu noma ikhompuyutha ephathekayo, akuzona kuphela izisetshenziswa ezingasebenzisa izinhlelo zokusebenza. Ngisho nakumadivayisi eselula, njengama-smartphones kanye namathebulethi, izinhlelo zokusebenza zingasetshenziswa, kodwa kulezi zimo sikhuluma kahle kakhulu ngezinhlelo zokusebenza zeselula noma izinhlelo zokusebenza.

Ezinye zezinhlelo zokusebenza ezaziwa kakhulu ezitholakala ku-Android ne-iOS yi-WhatApp, Facebook, Messenger, Gmail, ne-Instagram.

Ulufaka kanjani uhlelo lokusebenza?

Kokubili amakhompyutha namadivayisi eselula kuvamise ukuba nenani lezinhlelo zokusebenza zesistimu, okuyizinhlelo zokusebenza ezifika zifakwe ngaphambili (njengesiphequluli, isibukeli sesithombe, nesidlali semidiya).

Kodwa-ke, kulabo abafisayo, ezimweni eziningi kuyenzeka futhi ukufaka ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza, kungaba mahhala ukulanda noma cha, ngaleyo ndlela wengeze ukusebenza okwengeziwe kudivayisi.

Nakuba izinyathelo zokufaka isicelo zicishe zifane, inqubo ngokwayo, nokho, iyashintsha kancane ngokuya ngesistimu yokusebenza esetshenziswayo.

Ngingalukhipha kanjani uhlelo lokusebenza?

Kunjalo, uma usufake uhlelo lokusebenza oluthile, ungalikhipha uma ungasalidingi, ngaleyo ndlela ukhiphe amafayela walo kudivayisi yakho.

Nokho, nakulezi zimo, inqubo okufanele uyilandele ukuze ukhiphe uhlelo iyashintsha kuye ngohlelo olusetshenziswayo.

Ulubuyekeza kanjani uhlelo lokusebenza?

Ngaphezu kokukwazi ukufaka noma ukukhipha uhlelo lokusebenza, kukhona futhi inketho yokukwazi ukulibuyekeza. Kodwa kusho ukuthini ukubuyekeza uhlelo lokusebenza?

Ukubuyekeza uhlelo lokusebenza kuwumsebenzi ongasho lutho futhi, ngesikhathi esifanayo, kubaluleke kakhulu ngoba kukuvumela ukuthi wethule imisebenzi emisha kuhlelo lokusebenza, kukuvumela ukuthi uthuthukise ukuzinza okuvamile kokusetshenziswa kohlelo lokusebenza, kodwa ngaphezu kwakho konke futhi kukuvumela ukwandisa ukuphepha ngokulungisa iziphazamisi ezingaba khona.

Futhi, uma ungabuyekezi uhlelo lokusebenza, usengozini yokusebenzisa uhlelo lokusebenza oluphelelwe yisikhathi, okungukuthi, inguqulo yohlelo lokusebenza engasasekelwa, nayo yonke imiphumela engase ihileleke.

Ululanda kanjani uhlelo lokusebenza?

Njengoba sesishilo, ukuze ufake izinhlelo zokusebenza eziningi kudivayisi yakho, kufanele uzilande, mahhala futhi/noma ukhokhe kuye ngecala.

Ukulanda uhlelo ku-smartphone, ithebhulethi, ikhompuyutha noma ithelevishini ehlakaniphile, sivamise ukuya ezitolo eziku-inthanethi, ezivame ukubizwa ngokuthi isitolo noma imakethe.

Kulezi zitolo kukhona ezimbalwa, kodwa ezisetshenziswa kakhulu ezimbalwa kuphela, okungukuthi: App Store, Google Play kanye Microsoft Store.

Kuleli qophelo, kufanele ekugcineni uqonde ukuthi yini uhlelo lokusebenza.

Kunamagama ku-computing avame kakhulu futhi asetshenziswa njalo. Nokho, akuwona wonke umuntu owazi kahle ukuthi ayini, futhi ngisho nabantu abaningi abasebenzisa lawa magama banenkinga yokuchaza lokho abayikho.

Enye yazo igama elithi software.

Yini isofthiwe?

Igama elithi software livela ekuhlanganisweni kwamagama amabili esiNgisi athambile, athambile, futhi ware, okuyingxenye.

Kodwa yini isoftware? I-Software, ekusebenzeni, ayilutho ngaphandle kwezinhlelo ezihlukene zeplathifomu ethile, yona engeyona into engaphezu kochungechunge oluthile lwemiyalelo ehlanganiswe ukwenza umsebenzi othile.

Ngakho-ke kungenxa yesoftware ukuthi i-Hardware esetshenzisiwe "iphila", empeleni, ngaphandle kwesoftware bekungeke kwenzeke ukusebenzisa ikhompuyutha, kodwa ngeke kube ne-smartphone, ithebhulethi, ithelevishini ehlakaniphile futhi, ngokujwayelekile, noma yiluphi olunye uhlobo lwedivayisi.

Emakethe, nokho, kunezinhlobo ezahlukene zezinhlelo, kodwa ngokuvamile ezisetshenziswa kakhulu kukhompuyutha ukulayishwa nokulanda:

Ama-Word processors, afana ne-Word, asivumela ukuthi sibhale imibhalo sisuka kukhompuyutha, njengokungathi umshini wokubhala ovamile.

Ama-spreadsheet processors, afana ne-Excel, asebenzisa ikhompuyutha ukwenza noma yiluphi uhlobo lokubala, futhi amele imiphumela ngokusebenzisa amagrafu alula noma imidwebo.

Izinhlelo ezikuvumela ukuthi udale izethulo ezixakile kakhulu, njenge-PowerPoint.

Izinhlelo ezikuvumela ukuthi udale futhi uphathe amanani amakhulu edatha, njengokufinyelela.

Izinhlelo ezikuvumela ukuthi uphequlule i-inthanethi, ezaziwa njengeziphequluli zewebhu, njenge-Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Opera neSafari.

Izinhlelo okuthi, ngoxhumano lwe-inthanethi, zisinikeze ithuba lokuthumela nokwamukela ama-imeyili. Lezi zinhlelo zokusebenza zaziwa ngokuthi amaklayenti e-imeyili, njenge-Mozilla Thunderbird, i-Microsoft Outlook, i-Mailspring, i-Spike, ne-Foxmail.

Izinhlelo zokubuka amamuvi namavidiyo noma ukulalela umsakazo.

Izinhlelo ezinikezelwe kwezokuzijabulisa, njengemidlalo.

Izinhlelo ezivikela i-PC noma idivayisi ephathwayo kumagciwane, njengezinhlelo zokulwa namagciwane.

Zingaki izinhlobo zesoftware ezikhona?

Ngokuvamile, izinhlelo zekhompyutha zingahlukaniswa ngokwemisebenzi yazo, ngokohlobo lwelayisensi ezisatshalaliswa ngaphansi kwayo, ngokuvamile ezingaba mahhala noma zikhokhelwe, ngokuya ngesistimu yokusebenza okufanele zifakwe kuyo, ngokohlobo lwe isixhumi esibonakalayo okufanele uhlanganyele kuso ukuze uzisebenzise, ​​kuya ngokuthi zidinga ukufakwa noma cha ku-PC yakho, nokuthi zingasebenza kukhompyutha eyodwa noma zingasebenza kunethiwekhi yamakhompyutha.

Uma, ngakolunye uhlangothi, sibheka izinga lokusebenziseka nokusondela komsebenzisi, izinhlelo zekhompiyutha zingahlukaniswa, ngokujwayelekile, ngokwezinhlobo ezine ezihlukene:

I-Firmware: ngokuyisisekelo ivumela ihadiwe yedivayisi ukuthi ixhumane nesofthiwe yocingo.

Isofthiwe eyisisekelo noma isofthiwe yohlelo: imele lolo hlobo lwesofthiwe oluvumela ihadiwe ekhona kunoma iyiphi i-PC ukuthi isetshenziswe.

Umshayeli: Ivumela isistimu yokusebenza ethile ukuthi ixhumane nedivaysi ethile yehadiwe.

Isofthiwe yohlelo lokusebenza noma uhlelo olulula kakhulu: ngohlelo olusebenzayo olusebenzayo lusivumela ukuthi sisebenzise ikhompuyutha ethile njengoba sivame ukwenza nsuku zonke, ngezinhlelo ezifana ne-Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Internet Explorer, njll.

Ngokuqondene nohlobo lwesine, ngokuvamile emakethe kungenzeka ukuthola izinhlelo:

I-Freeware: okungukuthi, izinhlelo ezingafakwa ku-PC mahhala ngokuphelele.

I-Shareware noma isilingo: izinhlelo ezike zafakwa kwi-PC ziphelelwa yisikhathi ngemva kwesikhathi esithile

Idemo: izinhlelo ezinomsebenzi oncishisiwe, nokho, ezingafakwa ku-PC mahhala ngokuphelele.

Kungakhathalekile ukuthi yiluphi uhlobo lwesoftware ekhethiwe, kufanele kwengezwe ukuthi zonke izinhlelo ezimakethe zivame ukusabalalisa nezidingo ezithile zehadiwe.

Lezi zidingo zezingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha azimele lutho ngaphandle kwezici ikhompyutha yakho okufanele ibe nazo ukuze ivumele leyo softhiwe ukuthi okungenani ifakwe, ihloniphe okungenani izimfuneko ezincane, noma isetshenziswe kangcono ngendlela engaphezu kwefanele, ngokuhlonipha ngaphezu kwalokho. ubuncane bezidingo kanye nalezo ezinconyiwe.

Kodwa-ke, ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, lezi zidingo ze-Hardware zinomkhuba wokuthi ziba zimbi nakakhulu, ikakhulukazi uma kuziwa emidlalweni yevidiyo. Ngalesi sizathu, akusakwazi ukusebenzisa inguqulo yakamuva ye-Microsoft Word kukhompyutha enesistimu yokusebenza ye-Windows XP endala, isibonelo, noma inguqulo yakamuva yesistimu yokusebenza ye-Windows kukhompuyutha enezingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha eziphelelwe yisikhathi.

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